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Qcl 14-v3 [cause-effect diagram]-[parinita dwivedi]_[banasthali university]


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this presentation describes the advantages, disadvantages and use of cause effect diagram.
group members-
parinita dwivedi
priyanka togra

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Qcl 14-v3 [cause-effect diagram]-[parinita dwivedi]_[banasthali university]

  1. 1. Poor placement of students
  2. 2. Presented by- Parinita Dwivedi Pragya Priyanka Togra (B. Tech 2nd yr) Banasthali University
  3. 3. Introduction to Cause- effect diagram
  4. 4. What is Cause and Effect Analysis? Cause and effect analysis is a technique for identifying all the possible causes (inputs) associated with a particular problem / effect (output) before narrowing down to a small number of main , root causes which need to be addressed.
  5. 5. Uses of Cause and effect analysis Cause and Effect analysis is a useful tool for:  Focusing on causes not symptoms capturing the collective knowledge and experience of a group.  Providing a picture of what an effect is happening.  Establishing a sound basis for further data gathering and action.  Cause and effect analysis can also be used to identify all the areas that need to be tackled to generate a positive effect.
  6. 6. What is Cause- Effect diagram? A Cause-and-Effect diagram is a tool that helps to identify, sort and display possible causes of a specific problem or quality characteristic. It graphically illustrates the relationship between a given outcome and all the factors that influence the outcome. This type of diagram is often termed as “Ishikawa diagram” after the name of it’s inventor Kaoru Ishikawa, or “fishbone diagram” because of the way it looks.
  7. 7. Uses of Cause-Effect diagram  It is common for people working on improvement efforts to jump to conclusions without studying the causes, target one possible cause while ignoring others, and take actions aimed at surface symptoms.  Cause and effect diagrams are designed at: 1. Stimulating thinking during a brainstorm of potential causes. 2. Providing a structure to understand the relationships between many possible causes of a problem. 3. Giving people a framework for planning what data to collect. 4. Serving as a visual display of causes that have been studied. 5. Helping team members communicate within a team and with the rest of the organisation.
  8. 8. Basic benefits of Cause-effect diagram  Helps determine root causes.  Encourages group participation.  Uses an orderly, easy-to-read format.  Indicates possible causes of variation.  Increases process knowledge.  Identifies areas for collecting
  9. 9. Steps involved in making Cause-and- Effect diagram
  10. 10. Cause-Effect diagram for poor placement of students, using why- why-why logic
  11. 11. 5 root causes of poor placement of students are:
  12. 12. 1. Academics of students  Sometimes the percentage or CGPA of the students are below company’s cut-offs. Thus they are obliged to give to give aptitude test. Not all students are able to qualify this aptitude test, thus not getting placed.  Other reason maybe that the student wants to pursue further studies in the field. They are not interested in the placements. This also lessens the placement ratio of students and since all meritorious students are gone away for further studies thus company’s interest in the college or university is also effected.
  13. 13. 2. student’s personality:  Sometimes a company may think that the attitude and personality of the student is not fit for the corporate business.  Maybe other students have done other courses which the company thinks is good for their company.  Maybe the verbal of the student is not good enough for the company.  Maybe the company thinks that the student is irregular, undisciplined or not serious about his/her work. No company would want to recruit such student.  Maybe the student scored very low in aptitude test or performed poorly in G.D.
  14. 14. 3. Reputation of college or university  The reputation of the college or the university is also very important.  Sometimes the college or university is not well-known thus not many companies come for on-campus recruitments.  Sometimes the college or university does not take any pains to call any company for on-campus selections.  Sometimes the selection ratio of a college or university is so low that companies are no more interested in going to that college for the on-campus selections.
  15. 15. 4. Method :  Proper information about the schedule of interview may have not been conveyed properly.  Due to some emergency situations, the student may not have been able to come to predefined venue for the interview.  Documents submitted during the placements may not be complete or authentic.  Student may not have done proper internship.  Student may not be aware of off-campus placement test dates.
  16. 16. 5. Quality of return  Sometimes the students think that the salary is not appropriate.  Sometimes the students are not satisfied with the bond.  Sometimes the students think that the company is not of their standard and they want to work for bigger MNCs.  Sometimes the location where the company is placing them is not according to the preferences of student.
  17. 17. Recommended solutions to the problem of poor placement of students:
  18. 18. 1.Students should maintain their academics from the start. 2.Students should enrol themselves in various personality development programs and should take measures to improve their verbal if it is not good. 3.Students must utilise their vacations by doing various courses or summer trainings that would be beneficial to them while placements. 4.Colleges must also contribute their bit by inviting as many companies as possible for on-campus recruitments of their students. 5.Students must submit proper documentation at the time of their placements. 6.Companies must also acknowledge the preferences of students and place them like-wise.
  19. 19. Conclusion It was a great opportunity to do this type of assignment. We are very grateful for this opportunity. Cause-Effect diagram is a new concept that we came across and we found it very useful in doing analytical projects like these. We learnt what Cause-and-Effect Analysis is, its usefulness, what is Cause-Effect diagram, its benefits, how to make Cause-Effect diagram, and how to properly put them to use.