Thailand Country Presentation

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PP5503 Managing Public Sector

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Thailand Country Presentation

  1. 1. Public Participation THAILAND<br />Country PresentationPP5503 Managing The Public Sector<br />SuchadaDejtrakul<br />ParinatSakphanich9th March 2011<br />Any views or opinions presented in this slide/presentation are those of the speakers and are not necessarily endorsed by the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy (LKY School)<br />
  2. 2. <ul><li>Presentation Agenda</li></ul>Country Snapshot<br />Public Participation in Thailand<br />Local and International CSOs in ThailandRole of CSOs Impact of CSOs<br />Recommendation to improve relations withMedia Citizens and CSOs<br />
  3. 3. <ul><li>Country Snapshot</li></ul>513 Total Area (in thousand sq km)<br /> 93 Literacy Rate (%)<br /> 74 Life Expectancy at Birth (years) <br />67 Total Population (in million)<br /> 44 Monarchy Countries<br /> 9 Minimum Wage per day (in S$) <br />0.7 Unemployment Rate (%) <br /> Source: CIA Fact Book, National Statistic Office, Board of Investment and Bangkok Post Newspaper<br />
  4. 4. Problem Identification<br />Policy Formulation<br />Policy Implementation<br />Policy Evaluation<br /><ul><li>Public Participation
  5. 5. Public participation is required by the constitution and the national economic and social development plan </li></ul>SURVEY in 2001<br /><ul><li>40% participated in a formal association and 14% participated in an informal associations
  6. 6. Public participation is for old and upcountry people </li></ul>PUBLIC POLICY CYCLE<br />
  7. 7. Problem Identification<br />Policy Formulation<br />Policy Implementation<br />Policy Evaluation<br /><ul><li>Public Participation
  8. 8. Public hearing is considered as the mainstream channel of public participation
  9. 9. Public participation is commonly headed by the CSOs which is led by the government (and often excludes grassroots level )
  10. 10. Public participation is then viewed as the confrontation between the grassroots level and the government </li></ul>PUBLIC POLICY CYCLE<br />
  11. 11. <ul><li>Local and International CSOs
  12. 12. More than 50 international CSOs and 13,000 local CSOs in operation nationwide*
  13. 13. International CSOs commonly highlight on a number of key developmental areas, for example, health care and education </li></ul>WorldVision91 projects 45 geographical areas 110,000 boys and girls <br /> Remark: *CIA Fact Book and National Economic and Social Advisory Council <br />
  14. 14. <ul><li>Local and International CSOs
  15. 15. Local CSOs focus more on specific issues of the well-being of the organizations </li></ul> Ban KruNoi(The Shelter)Focuses on tramp childBangkok area128 boys and girls <br /><ul><li>The most politically well known local CSOs are United Front for Democracy Against Dictatorship (Red Shirt) and People’s Alliance for Democracy (Yellow Shirt) </li></li></ul><li><ul><li>The Impact of CSOs </li></ul>SOCIAL IMPACT<br />Social impact from local CSOs is minimal due toFund raising ability Weak civil society <br />POLITICAL IMPACT<br />Strong people’s organization as one type of CSOs is fostering the democracy but it costs for an absolute fortune <br />NO GOVERNMENT ACTION <br />FROM PUBLIC PARTICIPATION<br />
  16. 16. <ul><li>Recommendation </li></ul>PUBLIC OPINION AND AGENDA SETTING<br /><ul><li>Mainstream media has a strong influence to shape public opinion
  17. 17. The government then needs to understand the agenda setting role of the media in public policy
  18. 18. In addition, the government should prepare to deal with the media during the crisis
  19. 19. The best fit method to be used is Nine-Day Wonder (be opened)</li></ul>Media<br />“Media agenda = Public agenda”<br />
  20. 20. <ul><li>Recommendation </li></ul>NEW PUBLIC MANAGEMENT AND COLLABORATIVE GOVERNANCE<br /><ul><li>Paradigm shift from steering to serving the citizens
  21. 21. Collaborate with private and non-profit through networks which will flourish the social capital
  22. 22. However, need to have a good foundation on strong civil society, for example, truly decentralization to locals </li></ul>Citizens & CSOs<br />“Here is the problem. Let’s work solutions together and make it happen.”<br />
  23. 23. <ul><li>Public Participation </li></li></ul><li><ul><li>References</li></ul>OrapinSopchokchai, Good Local Governance and Anti-corruption Through People’s Participation: A Case of Thailand (Bangkok: The Office of Civil Service Commission, 2001)<br />Robert B. Albritton, Civil Society and the Consolidation of Democracy in Thailand (Taiwan: National Taiwan University and Academia Sinica, 2002)<br />BongkotSuthat Na Ayudhaya, Civil Society: The key for a successful Development (Chiang Mai: North-Chiang Mai University, 2010)<br />Martha Rozelle and Douglas J. Sarno, Training on Public Participation in Thailand (Virginia: The Perspective Group, 2005)<br />Bart W. Edes, CSO Sourcebook: A Staff Guide to Cooperation with Civil Society Organizations (Manila: Asian Development Bank, 2005)<br />Salvatore Schiavo-Campo and Hazel M. McFerson, Public Management in Global Perspective (New York: M.E. Sharpe, 2008)<br />B. Guy Peters, The Politics of Bureaucracy (London: Routledge, 2010)<br />Hal G. Rainey, Understanding and managing public organizations (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2009)<br />
  24. 24. Public Participation THAILAND<br />Country PresentationPP5503 Managing The Public Sector<br />SuchadaDejtrakul<br />ParinatSakphanich9th March 2011<br />Any views or opinions presented in this slide/presentation are those of the speakers and are not necessarily endorsed by the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy (LKY School)<br />

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