Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Digitization of Gurumukhi Manuscripts: Panjab Digital Library


Published on

PDL, Panjab Digital Library, Digitization, Punjabi Manuscripts.

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Digitization of Gurumukhi Manuscripts: Panjab Digital Library

  1. 1. Digitization of Gurumukhi Manuscripts: Initiatives of Panjab Digital Library Pardeep Rattan Govt. College, Phase VI, Ajitgarh (Mohali) 1
  2. 2. 1. Manuscript. . . The word manuscript was originated in 16th century from Medieval Latin word “Manuscriptus” from Manu by ‘hand’ + Scriptus ‘written’ 2
  3. 3. Manuscript. . . National Mission for Manuscripts ( “A handwritten composition on paper, bark, cloth, metal, palm leaves or any other material dating back at least seventy-five years that has significant scientific, historical or aesthetic value.” 3
  4. 4. Manuscript. . .Online Free Dictionary“a book, document or other composition written by hand,a typewritten or handwritten version of book , an article, adocument or other, especially author’s own copy,prepared and submitted for publication; and handwriting.” 4
  5. 5. Manuscript. . .common elements A manuscript is basically a hand-written or inscribed piece of information on bark, leaf, cloth, metal, paper or any other material in any composition. This may be a combination of letters, pictures, symbols, maps, figures etc. with knowledge content about the art, culture, history and science of a civilization. a hand written document which has scientific, historical, literary or aesthetic value and which is at least seventy-five year old. The Antiquities and Art Treasures Act, 1972 5
  6. 6. Manuscript…The study of writing of manuscripts ispaleographyThe study of manuscripts is manuscriptology 6
  7. 7. 2. GURUMUKHI SCRIPTThe Gurumukhi Script was designed by theSecond Sikh Guru Sri Guru Angad Dev Ji in16th century for writing Punjabi Language.GURAMUKHI= “From the Mouth of the Guru”35 distinct letters popularly called ‘ ’ andOwn set of 7
  8. 8. Barbara W Tuchman (1912-1989)American Historian and teacher“ Books are the carriers of civilization. Without books, history is silent,literature is dumb, science crippled, thoughts and speculation on astandstill.Without books, the development of a civilization would have beenimpossible. They are the engines of change, windows on the world andlighthouse erected in the sea of time. They are the companions,magicians, bankers of treasures of the mind.Books are humanity in print.” 8
  9. 9. 3. DIGITIZATION The creation of a computerized representation of original documents. The precious items like manuscripts and the items with a limited permission of access needs to be digitized for their free and global access and to save them from potential damage and also for the use of posterity. 9
  10. 10. 4. WHY DIGITIZE ?NEED DESCRIPTIONTo preserve documents To allow user / reader to have access to older or unique documents without damaging the original oneOriginals to make document  Better service to the users by allowingmore accessible full text searching  To serve more users- at remote locations and more than one user at a particular time  Accumulation of scattered materials , topic specific or otherwiseReusing the documents Conversion of documents in different formats- slideshow or training materials 10
  11. 11. IS DIGITIZATION EASY ?EASY CONVERSION DIFFICULT CONVERSIONWhite, clean opaque paper Coloured, damaged or thin surfaces/paperSimple layout, single columns Complex layout, multiple columnsSingle sheets Fragile, heavy bindingsStraight text, few pictures Many pictures, tables, shades, equationsComputer typefaces Poor quality printing, unusual typefaces, handwriting PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF DOCUMENT NEEDS TO BE CHECKED 11
  12. 12. REQUIREMENTS…and THE PROCESS REQUIREMENTS Human Resources : Personnel and skills Equipment : scanners, computers, storage devices Software : Content Management System, OCR, Image processing, spellcheck Financial Resources PROCESS Obtaining permissions, Scanning, Checking, OCR, Proofreading, Metadata, Backup 12
  13. 13. PANJAB DIGITAL LIBRARY (PDL) :Stepping Stone to a Milestone Started operations as a Stepping Stone in the year 2003, housed at plot no.1, Sector 28, Chandigarh, PDL has achieved many Milestones while remaining true to its motto and mission Motto “Revealing the Invisible Heritage of Punjab” 13
  14. 14. PANJAB DIGITAL LIBRARY… Mission : Digitization of documents of ‘Punjab region without distinction as to script, language, region, nationality or other physical conditions’. Mandate: Free access for all to support life long learning. 14
  15. 15. PANJAB DIGITAL LIBRARY… Introduction : PDL, a non-profit NGO is established with a mission to find, locate, preserve and digitize the lost or disappearing heritage of Punjab region due to environment, ignorance or destruction. Over 4500 Manuscripts digitized so far, includes 1000 “Paawan Saroops of Sri GURU GRANTH SAHIB” and the oldest Saroop is of 1653. 15
  16. 16. PANJAB DIGITAL LIBRARY… Introduction : Started operations in 2003-04 with a meager budget of Rs. 10,000, 2 staffer, digitized 5000 pages/month. Budget raised to Rs. 25,000 in 2005-06. From the year 2007, PDL started accepting donations, product capacity raised to 5000 pages/day. 16
  17. 17. PANJAB DIGITAL LIBRARY… MILESTONES… The digitized collection of manuscripts at PDL dates back to 15th century on a variety subjects which includes theology, history, philosophy, medicine etc. in different scripts and languages with a thrust on Gurumukhi. A complete metadata is available with PDL for each of the digitized manuscript including title, year, description, keywords, script, language, author, custodian, completion status, condition, orientation and pages. Many works however needs attention for description and year owing to PDL’ s time being attention on DIGITIZE FIRST. 17
  18. 18. PANJAB DIGITAL LIBRARY (PDL)… MILESTONES… Till date (11-01-2013) PDL has digitized 7 Million pages without charging a single penny from the custodians of precious treasures of knowledge. About 2 million are available at for free access to all. PENDENCY : 100 Million pages with permission from custodians ( Does not include Panjab, Punjabi and Guru Nanak Dev University). TARGET : TO DIGITIZE 50,000 PAGES/DAY SO AS TO DIGITIZE THE ENTIRE STOCK OF DOCUMENTS ON PUNJAB IN NEXT 15-20 YEARS –SAVE THE DOCUMENTS FROM FURTHER DAMAGE AND MAKE ALL AVAILABLE ONLINE AT NO COST. 18
  19. 19. Panjab Digital Library:Projects accomplished  Govt. Museum and Art Gallery, Chandigarh  Kurukshetra University  Nirmal Sanskrit Vidyala, Varanasi  Shiromani Gurudwara Prabhandak Committee (SGPC)  Delhi Sikh Gurdwara Management Committee  Punjab Languages Department  Anandpur Sahib Foundation  St. Stephen’s College New Delhi  Chief Khalsa Diwan  Punjabi Sahitya Academy, Ludhiana  Punjab Virasat Charitable Trust  The Sikh Review  And over 100 personal libraries 19
  20. 20. Panjab Digital Library:Projects under scanner  Punjab Archives Department  Institute of Sikh Studies  The Tribune  Ajit, Jalandhar  Phulwari  Kirti  Chandigarh Architecture Museum  Beant Singh Memorial  Panjab Digital Library (its own ever growing collection)  And 14 personal libraries 20
  21. 21. Panjab Digital Library : Projects completedKURUKSHETRA UNIVERSITY, Kurukshetra430 manuscripts digitized.PUNJAB LANGUAGES DEPARTMENT, Patiala604 manuscripts and created a data collection of 1,70,000folios (2006-2008).CHIEF KHALSA DIWAN, Amritsar29 manuscripts digitized with a folio record of 37,000 andestablishment of manuscripts’ digital library. 21
  22. 22. Panjab Digital Library : Projects completed PUNJAB VIRASAT CHARITABLE TRUST, Ajitgarh Completed digitization of 650 manuscripts out of a collection of 800 manuscripts GOVT. MUSEUM AND ART GALLERY, Chandigarh About 50 manuscripts and over 100,000 pages on the making of Chandigarh, which includes letters of Partap Singh Kairon, Le Corbuiser, Dr. MS Randhawa and Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru 22
  23. 23. Panjab Digital Library : Projects completed DELHI SIKH GURUDWARA MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE, Delhi (DSGMC) The year 2008 saw digitization of 36 manuscripts available with Delhi Sikh Gurudwara Management Committee culminating into 23000 folios. 23
  24. 24. Panjab Digital Library : Projects completed SHRIMONI GURUDWARA PRABHANDAKCOMMITTEE, Amritsar (SGPC) SGPC offered PDL in 2008 a massive project of digitizing complete treasure of manuscripts and other literature and the digitization was done in the Parikarma of Golden Temple at Amritsar. A total of about 1000 manuscripts have been digitized. 24
  25. 25. 8. Roadmap for Preservation and Access… Go Public : Self declaration and Advocacy by individuals, libraries, institutions to National Initiatives like NMM/ National Digital Library at IGNCA Conservation : Treatment with natural/ indigenous/ modern techniques of prime importance Digitization : With complete metadata details at war footing Knowledge domain : Exploration and Interpretation of knowledge content with the help of subject experts and specialists Central Database : Networking at national and Global level for furtherance of research in unexplored and explored areas 25
  26. 26. Thomas Jefferson, 17913rd President of USA (1801-1809) and Political Philosopher“ Let us save what remains….Not by vaults and locks which fence them fromthe public eye and use in consigning them towaste of time, but by such multiplication ofcopies as shall place them beyond the reach ofaccident.” 26
  27. 27. Thanks for apatient hearing…… 27