PRESENTATION AGENDA1. Introduction2. Objective3. Digital Library: What?4. Digital Library Collection5. Why revival of interest in library buildings?6. Management of the project7. Quality of design8. Space planning and access9. Recommendations10. Conclusion
INTRODUCTIONLibraries are live organizations, so consideration offuture needs- ‘Future thinking’- is very important. Asthe fifth law of library science given by Dr. S.R.Ranganathan (considered as Father of Library andInformation Sciences in India) suggest “Libraries aregrowing organisms”, the libraries are facing the dualchallenge of accommodating rapidly changingpopulations and keeping pace with information andcommunication technology (ICT). There arises theimportant question of how to organize and managethe ever growing size of collections varied in nature,the services the users, the staff etc. in a systematicmanner and that too in a limited space. The answerto this question is DIGITAL LIBRARIES.
OBJECTIVE• The objective of this study is to know a) What impact the new technology of ICT has left on our traditional libraries in terms of library buildings and collections and b) How we should change our space requirements to accommodate the process of shifting from traditional library to digital collection keeping in mind the location, design, quality and quantity of collection and services that are to be provided.
DIGITAL LIBRARY (DL) It is defined as a library consisting of aresources and services supported byspecialized staff with an objective to select,structure, distribute and preserve collection ofdigital works to support the interest of adefined community of users.Digital Academic Library (DAL) is not analternative but real value additions fortraditional library services.
DIGITAL LIBRARY COLLECTION The collection in a DAL is available in digital form organized on computers and available over a network having following collections:• e publications• e journals• online databases• e theses• multimedia i.e. born digital• CDROMs etc.
WHY REVIVAL OF INTEREST IN LIBRARY BUILDINGS? Factors leading to change in the design of 21st Century Library Buildings Libraries to network New information technology especially electronic data collection (Print to digital documents). Greater community and educational role for libraries Growth in life long learning and expansion in higher education. User friendliness and customer care (ownership to access) Merging media (listening to audiotapes or watching a video no longer needs separate areas)
• 21st Century Libraries: Design UNESCO and IFLA list a series of design criteria and facilities to be considered for planning a new library-The library collection: Books, Periodicals, sound recordings other non print and digital resources.Reader seating space: Serious reading, leisure reading one to one tutoring. Staff facilities: Workspace including PC workstations, rest space during breaks and meeting rooms. Technology: Public access workstations, printers, CDROM stations, facilities for listening and recording. Circulation: Both for public and staff Mechanical services: Elevators, ventilation, heating, cooling, etc.
MANAGEMENT OF THE PROJECT • Balance of cost, quality and time Time Cost Cost Project Impact Quality Time
DESIGN QUALITY• Access- site that encourages people to use the library is most important.• Location- satisfactory and acceptable to the population being served.• Solar and wind orientation- much of energy demand in buildings is for light and climate control. Natural light and ventilation.• Visibility- prominent position and have natural views• User and staff safety• Size for growth- ability to accommodate expanded library facilities, if required.• Cost factors- purchase and development costs
DESIGN OF THE BUILDING “First we shape our buildings and afterwards our buildings shape us.” Winston Churchill Ten Qualities Six deadly sins1. Functional 1. Bad lighting2. Adaptable 2. Inflexibility3. Accessible 3. Bad location4. Varied 4. Complex maintenance5. Interactive 5. Insufficient work and6. Conducive storage space7. Environmentally suitable 6. Bad security8. Safe and secure9. Efficient10. Suitable for information technology
ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS • Air-conditioning: A must • Use external light to increase daylight penetration • Provide solar shading and internal blinds • Readers tables in well lit areas • Employ mixed-mode ventilation systems • Maximize natural ventilation in public areas. • Impact of the climatic changes to be kept in mind
SECURITY AND SAFETY• Relates to fabric of the building: Earthquakes, lightening and other climatic hazards.• Safety of collections: theft, defacing, fire safety• Safety of library personnel and users• Policy of disaster management must be adhered to
SPACE PLANNING AND ACCESS“When good intentions meet bad planning libraryusers pay the price” Woodward, 2007• Access to and loan of e books• Access to journals and other research materials• Access to internet• Electronic access to electronic journals and e books• Café and refreshment area• Group study activity areas or rooms
RECOMMENDATIONS For the libraries of the 21st centuries having digital collections and traditional services as well to work in tandem, the library buildings or the workspaces must be Functional, adaptable, accessible and varied Environmentally suitable, safe and secure Suitable for information technology
CONCLUSIONThe librarians have a greater responsibilitythemselves to have the proper mindset firstso as to enforce the latest techniques of ICTin their routine work culture and to enable thelibrary systems to stand tall against all odds.
QUOTATIONS 1. “A library is not a luxury but one of the necessities of the life.” Henry Ward Beecher2. “When good intentions meet bad planning library users pay the price.” Woodward, 20073. “A room without books is like a body without a soul.” Markus Tullius Cicero- Roman Politician4. “First we shape our buildings and afterwards our buildings shape us.” Winston Churchhil, 24th Nov. 1951