FIVE LAWS OF LIBRARYSCIENCE  AND EMERGING DATABASE       TECHNOLOGIES                  BY :          PARDEEP RATTAN       ...
PRESENTATION AGENDA1.   OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY2.   INTRODUCTION3.   DATA,INFORMATION,DBMS4.   RANGANATHAN’S FIVE LAWS IN D...
1. OBJECTIVE TO STUDY THE RELEVANCE OF FIVE LAWS OF  LIBRARY SCIENCE IN MODERN DIGITAL ERA TO INTRODUCE LIBRARY PROFESSI...
2. INTRODUCTION INROADS BY COMPUTER AND OTHER  COMPONENTS OF ICT INFORMATION SOCIETY, INFORMATION  NEEDS : VARIED & ON T...
3. DATA, INFORMATION, DATABASE &  DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM(DBMS)• DATA : RAW FACTS WHICH CAN BE PROCESSED INTO  ACCURATE...
4.FIVE LAWS AND DIGITAL ERA                     • 1. Online resources                         are available when• Law 1) B...
5.EMERGING DATABASE TECHNOLOGIES• WHY ?• EFFICIENT MANAGEMENT OF INFORMATION• FILTERATION• EXTRACTION BY ACTING AS A REPOS...
5.1 INTERNET DATABASES• INTERNET IS AN SELF REGULATED NETWORK  OF COMPUTER NETWORKS CONNECTING  MILLIONS OF INFORMATION CE...
INTERNET APPLICATIONS• DISCOVERY : BROWSING,INF. RETREIVAL, DOWNLOADS• COMMUNICATION : INF. TRANSFER, E  MAIL, CHAT & DISC...
5.2 WEB DATABASES• WWW or W3– the WEB is Not a synonym of  internet but an APPLICATION OF  INTERNET• Internet acts as a tr...
WEB             IT IS THE SYSTEM OFDATABASES        INTERLINKED HYPERTEXT                 MULTIMEDIA                 DOCU...
5.3 DIGITAL LIBRARIES• WHAT ?WHEN THE INFORMATION IS STORED ON  COMPUTERS AND WHICH IS  ACCESSIBLE ONLY THROUGH AND ON  CO...
DIGITAL LIBRARY• NEED :      SPACE CRUNCH      LIBRARY A GROWING ORGANISM      DIRECT AND MULTI LEVEL ACCESS      LONG...
5.4 MULTIMEDIA DATABASESIMAGES( pictures, photographs…)     VIDEO CLIPS(movies,news..)           AUDIO CLIPS(speeches.....
5.5 MOBILE DATABASESi.   WIRELESS TECHNOLOGYii. 3G & 4G MOBILE TECHNOLOGYiii. SATTELITE PHONES FITTED WITH     WITH LATEST...
5.6 SPATIAL AND GEOGRAPHICAL           DATABASES• DATA BASED ON SPATIAL LOCATIONS• USEFUL FOR INDEXING & QUERYING  DATA ON...
5.7 ACADEMIC DATABASES      AND DEARCH ENGINESEXAMPLES :• Academic Search             Multidisciplinary   Subscription bas...
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Databases , Emerging ICT for Libraries, ICT and Libraries

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Five laws of library science and emerging databases

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Databases , Emerging ICT for Libraries, ICT and Libraries

  1. 1. FIVE LAWS OF LIBRARYSCIENCE AND EMERGING DATABASE TECHNOLOGIES BY : PARDEEP RATTAN Librarian Government College, Phase- VI, Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar (Pb.) pardeeprattan@ymail.com 1
  2. 2. PRESENTATION AGENDA1. OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY2. INTRODUCTION3. DATA,INFORMATION,DBMS4. RANGANATHAN’S FIVE LAWS IN DIGITAL ERA5. EMERGINGING DATABASE TECHNOLOGIES5.1 INTERNET DATABASES5.2 WEB DATABASES5.3 DIGITAL LIBRARIES5.4 MULTI-MEDIA DATABASES5.5 MOBILE DATABASES5.6 GEOGRAPHICAL AND SPATIAL DATABASES6. EXAMPLES OF DATABASES & SEARCH ENGINES 2
  3. 3. 1. OBJECTIVE TO STUDY THE RELEVANCE OF FIVE LAWS OF LIBRARY SCIENCE IN MODERN DIGITAL ERA TO INTRODUCE LIBRARY PROFESSIONALS WITH SOME OF THE DATABASE TECHNOLOGIES EFFICIENTLY USED IN LIBRARY AND INFORMATION CENTRES 3
  4. 4. 2. INTRODUCTION INROADS BY COMPUTER AND OTHER COMPONENTS OF ICT INFORMATION SOCIETY, INFORMATION NEEDS : VARIED & ON THE RISE LIBRARIES FROM STATIC TO LIVE ENTITIES, DOORSTEP OF THE USER, 24x7 FUNCTIONAL WITHOUT BARRIERS OF BRICKS/WALLS and TIME QUICK, EFFICINET, PERTINENT POSSIBLE BECAUSE OF ICT and DATABASE TECHNOLOGIES 4
  5. 5. 3. DATA, INFORMATION, DATABASE & DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM(DBMS)• DATA : RAW FACTS WHICH CAN BE PROCESSED INTO ACCURATE & RELEVANT INFORMATION• INFORMATION : DATA THAT HAS BEEN PROCESSED OR OPERATED ON BY COMPUTATION especially by a device like computer• DATABASE : A COLLECTION OF DATA OR FILES SERVING AS A DATA RESOURCE FOR COMPUTER BASED INFORMATION SYSTEM• DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM : A COLLECTION OF INTERRELATED DATA AND A SET OF PROGRAM TO ACCESS THE DATABASEData and information are closely related in the sense that information is processed, organised or summarised data. 5
  6. 6. 4.FIVE LAWS AND DIGITAL ERA • 1. Online resources are available when• Law 1) Books are and where needed, for use • 2. Effective use of E resources prove• Law 2) Every that wherever the reader his/her relevant material is book available in the network that can be• Law 3) Every accessed. book its reader • 3. WWW,• Law 4) Saves Networking, the time of the Sharing and library reader Consortia ,• Law 5) A library • 4. Multidimensional key word searching is a growing options, organism • 5. No boundary and barrier of time/anytime anywhere 6
  7. 7. 5.EMERGING DATABASE TECHNOLOGIES• WHY ?• EFFICIENT MANAGEMENT OF INFORMATION• FILTERATION• EXTRACTION BY ACTING AS A REPOSITORY OF INFORMATION WITHIN ORGANISATION’S INFORMATION SYSTEM• COLLECTION,PROCESSING,STORING,ANALYSIS : DISSEMINATION 7
  8. 8. 5.1 INTERNET DATABASES• INTERNET IS AN SELF REGULATED NETWORK OF COMPUTER NETWORKS CONNECTING MILLIONS OF INFORMATION CENTRES, BUSINESSES, INDIVIDUALS, GOVT. AGENCIES, EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS AND OTHER ORGANISATIONS ALL OVER THE GLOBE.• RESULTED IN THE EMERGENCE OF WWW WHICH ALLOWED THE USER TO HAVE DIRECT ACCESS TO DATABASES• VAST WEB OF ELECTRONIC NETWORKS : INFORMATION SUPERHIGHWAY 8
  9. 9. INTERNET APPLICATIONS• DISCOVERY : BROWSING,INF. RETREIVAL, DOWNLOADS• COMMUNICATION : INF. TRANSFER, E MAIL, CHAT & DISCUSSION GROUPS• COLLABORATION : B/W INDIVIDUALS, GROUPS, ORGANISATIONS (teleconferencing, resource sharing, screen sharing..) 9
  10. 10. 5.2 WEB DATABASES• WWW or W3– the WEB is Not a synonym of internet but an APPLICATION OF INTERNET• Internet acts as a transport mechanism• MOST POWERFUL COLLABORATIVE NETWORKED INFORMATION DATABASE• HANDLES ALL TYPES OF DIGITALINFORMATION : text, hypermedia, graphics, sounds• STORES,RETREIVES,FORMATS and DISPLAYS INFORMATION … contd. 10
  11. 11. WEB  IT IS THE SYSTEM OFDATABASES INTERLINKED HYPERTEXT MULTIMEDIA DOCUMENTSMOST WIDELYUSED  WEB 1.0 : BASED ON FTPWEB BROWSERS AND WAS A READ ONLY WEB INTERNETEXPLORER  WEB 2.0 : READ & WRITE WEB WITH USERNETSCAPE COMMUNICATION/NAVIGATOR INTERACTION MOZILA  WEB3.0 : SEMANTIC WEB, COLLABORATION OF CONTENTS. MORE LINKAGES & TAGGING  WEB 4.0 : FACILITATED USE OF RICH NEDIA 11
  12. 12. 5.3 DIGITAL LIBRARIES• WHAT ?WHEN THE INFORMATION IS STORED ON COMPUTERS AND WHICH IS ACCESSIBLE ONLY THROUGH AND ON COMPUTERS INFORMATION IS STORED IN DIGITAL FORMATS AND RETRIEVED OVER NETWORKS ARCHIVES AND REPOSITORIES ARE ORGANISED DIGITAL LIBRARIES FOR A LONG TERM PRESERVATION …. contd. 12
  13. 13. DIGITAL LIBRARY• NEED :  SPACE CRUNCH  LIBRARY A GROWING ORGANISM  DIRECT AND MULTI LEVEL ACCESS  LONGEVITY  LOW COST COMPUTING TECHNOLOGIES  ELECTRONIC STORAGE CAPACITY  CONGREGATION OF RICH MEDIA  HIGH SPEED BROWSING  NETWORKING 13
  14. 14. 5.4 MULTIMEDIA DATABASESIMAGES( pictures, photographs…)  VIDEO CLIPS(movies,news..)  AUDIO CLIPS(speeches..)  TEXTUAL(books,jls.) DATA STORAGE CONTENT BASED RETRIEVAL , LOCATING A PARTICULAR VIDEO OR AUDIO, IMAGE SEARCHING(MOST PREVELANT DATABASES) APPLICATIONS : REPOSITORY APPLICATIONS, PRESENTATIONS, EDUCATION & TRAINING, INTERACTIVE KNOWLEDGE DISSEMINATION……. 14
  15. 15. 5.5 MOBILE DATABASESi. WIRELESS TECHNOLOGYii. 3G & 4G MOBILE TECHNOLOGYiii. SATTELITE PHONES FITTED WITH WITH LATEST SOFTWARES FACILITATES ACCESS FROM REMOTE LOCATIONSiv. SMS/MMS, GPRS, INTERNETv. Eg., Sybase’, SQL Anywhere, EVERYPLACE 7, IBM DB2, WINDOWS CE EDITION, Oracle 9i LIVE 15
  16. 16. 5.6 SPATIAL AND GEOGRAPHICAL DATABASES• DATA BASED ON SPATIAL LOCATIONS• USEFUL FOR INDEXING & QUERYING DATA ON THE BASIS OF SPATIAL LOCATIONS• HELPFUL IN DISASTER MANAGEMENT PINPOINTING EXACT LOCATION• Eg., ROADMAPS, LANDUSE MAPS, TOPOGRAPHICAL MAPS• IBM Spatial Extender, Oracle Spatial are COMMONLY USED DATABASES 16
  17. 17. 5.7 ACADEMIC DATABASES AND DEARCH ENGINESEXAMPLES :• Academic Search Multidisciplinary Subscription based www.ebscohost.com• African journals Online Multidisciplinary Free www.ajol.info• AGRICOLA Agriculture Free agricola.nal.usda.gov• AGRIS Agriculture, Forestry Free agri.fao.org• Books In Print Books Subscription based www.booksinprint.com• Chemical Abstract Service Chemistry Subscription based www.cas.org• DOAJ Journals Free www.doaj.org• Open J- Gate Open Access Journals Free www.openj-gate.com• Scopus Multidisciplinary Subscription based www.scopus.com 17
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