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Research proposal writing

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Research proposal writing

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Research proposal writing

  1. 1. RESEARCH PROPOSAL WRITINGRESEARCH PROPOSAL WRITING Dr. C. PARAMASIVAN,Dr. C. PARAMASIVAN, Assistant Professor of Commerce PERIYAR E.V.R.COLLEGE (Autonomous) Tiruchirappalli RESEARCH PROPOSAL WRITINGRESEARCH PROPOSAL WRITING Dr. C. PARAMASIVAN,Dr. C. PARAMASIVAN, Ph.D.Ph.D. Assistant Professor of Commerce PERIYAR E.V.R.COLLEGE (Autonomous) Tiruchirappalli - 23
  2. 2. WHAT IS RESEARCH ?WHAT IS RESEARCH ? Research is considered o explore the innovative indings in almost all the Modern technology and o day life is the result of Research in social science chievements and appreciation ustainable society in the RESEARCH PROPOSAL WRITING WHAT IS RESEARCH ?WHAT IS RESEARCH ? considered as a powerful weapo innovative ideas, informativ the walk of human being. and its application in da of the valuable research. science transformed man appreciation to the se the world. DR.C.PARAMASIVAN
  3. 3. PURPOSE OF RESEARCHPURPOSE OF RESEARCH Academic Research  M.Phil  Ph.D.  D.Litt./D.Sc. Non academic Research  Funding Institutions UGC,DST,ICSSR,DRDO,TNSCST,TANSCHE  Specialized Institutions  Self Exploration / Passion RESEARCH PROPOSAL WRITING PURPOSE OF RESEARCHPURPOSE OF RESEARCH Non academic Research Funding Institutions - UGC,DST,ICSSR,DRDO,TNSCST,TANSCHE Specialized Institutions - Ministries & NGOs Self Exploration / Passion DR.C.PARAMASIVAN
  4. 4. WHY RESEARCH ?WHY RESEARCH ? Knowledge Innovation Advancement Technology RESEARCH PROPOSAL WRITING WHY RESEARCH ?WHY RESEARCH ? Advancement Technology DR.C.PARAMASIVAN
  5. 5. QUALITY OF A GOOD RESEARCHQUALITY OF A GOOD RESEARCH Systematic- step by step Logical - valid reason Empirical – evidence/proof Replicable – further research Result Orientation – socio economic reliabili RESEARCH PROPOSAL WRITING QUALITY OF A GOOD RESEARCHQUALITY OF A GOOD RESEARCH step by step valid reason evidence/proof further research socio economic reliabili DR.C.PARAMASIVAN
  6. 6. Research Proposal with QuestionsResearch Proposal with Questions What do you plan to accomplish? Be clear and concise in defining the Why do you want to do it? You must conduct a thorough onvincing evidence that it is a topic worthy How are you going to do it? If you're having trouble to formulating nvestigating. RESEARCH PROPOSAL WRITING Research Proposal with QuestionsResearch Proposal with Questions accomplish? the research problem review of the literature and prov worthy of study. formulating a research problem to prop DR.C.PARAMASIVAN
  7. 7. Before Writing ProposalBefore Writing Proposal What do I want to study? Why is the topic important? How is it significant within the subject areas covered? What problems will it help solve? How does it build upon research already conducted on th topic? Can I get it done in the time available? RESEARCH PROPOSAL WRITING Before Writing ProposalBefore Writing Proposal How is it significant within the subject areas covered? What problems will it help solve? How does it build upon research already conducted on th Can I get it done in the time available? DR.C.PARAMASIVAN
  8. 8. Contents of the ProposalContents of the Proposal 1. Introduction 2. Background and Significance 3. Literature Review 4. Statement of the Problem 5. Objectives of the Study 6. Research Design and Methods 7. Implications 8. Time Budget 9. Conclusion 10. References RESEARCH PROPOSAL WRITING Contents of the ProposalContents of the Proposal Background and Significance Statement of the Problem Objectives of the Study Research Design and Methods DR.C.PARAMASIVAN
  9. 9. IntroductionIntroduction After reading the readers should not understanding of what you should also be able to passion for the topic and study's possible outcomes Note that most proposals abstract before the introduction RESEARCH PROPOSAL WRITING the introduction, you not only have an you want to do, but they to gain a sense of your and be excited about the outcomes. proposals do not include an introduction. DR.C.PARAMASIVAN
  10. 10. Introduction as a Narrative Written in OnIntroduction as a Narrative Written in On to Three Paragraphsto Three Paragraphs What is the central research What is the topic of problem? What methods should research problem? Why is this important  What is its significance RESEARCH PROPOSAL WRITING Introduction as a Narrative Written in OnIntroduction as a Narrative Written in On research problem? of study related to tha should be used to analyze th important research? significance? DR.C.PARAMASIVAN
  11. 11. Background and SignificanceBackground and Significance This section can ntroduction or you can section to help with narrative flow of your This is where you explain your proposal and describe t's important. RESEARCH PROPOSAL WRITING Background and SignificanceBackground and Significance be melded into your can create a separate the organization and your proposal. explain the context o describe in detail why DR.C.PARAMASIVAN
  12. 12. There areThere are no hard and fast rules, youno hard and fast rules, you houldhould followfollow thethe key pointskey points State the research problem etailed explanation about the Present the rationale nd clearly indicate why it is Describe the major ddressed by your research Be sure to note how your n previous assumptions about RESEARCH PROPOSAL WRITING no hard and fast rules, youno hard and fast rules, you key pointskey points problem and give a mor the purpose of the study. rationale of your proposed stud is worth doing. issues or problems to b research. your proposed study build about the research problem DR.C.PARAMASIVAN
  13. 13. Literature ReviewLiterature Review Connected to significance of your study proposal devoted to a more synthesis of prior studies problem under investigation The problem identified linked to other studies literature delineating the investigation. RESEARCH PROPOSAL WRITING Literature ReviewLiterature Review the background an study is a section of you more deliberate review an studies related to the research investigation. identified should be logicall studies on the theme in th the need for the presen DR.C.PARAMASIVAN
  14. 14. Five C’s of Writing Literature ReviewFive C’s of Writing Literature Review Cite, so as to keep the primary focus esearch problem. Compare the various arguments, xpressed in the literature: what do the authors Contrast the various arguments, themes, ontroversies expressed in the literature isagreement, controversy, or debate? Critique the literature: Which arguments Which approaches, findings, methodologies ppropriate, and why? Connect the literature to your own oes your own work draw upon, depart erspective to what has been said in the literature? RESEARCH PROPOSAL WRITING Five C’s of Writing Literature ReviewFive C’s of Writing Literature Review focus on the literature pertinent to you arguments, theories, methodologies, and findin authors agree on? themes, methodologies, approaches, an literature: what are the major areas arguments are more persuasive, and wh methodologies seem most reliable, valid, area of research and investigation: ho depart from, synthesize, or add a ne literature? DR.C.PARAMASIVAN
  15. 15. Statement of the ProblemStatement of the Problem A problem statement is a brief be addressed by a problem solving em before they try to solve a problem A statement of the problem is ngth that outlines the problem addressed The statement of the problem should hat is the problem that the research he primary purpose of a problem statement e problem solving team. problem statement is a statement that e event. RESEARCH PROPOSAL WRITING Statement of the ProblemStatement of the Problem brief description of the issues that ne solving team and should be presented problem. a claim of one or two sentences addressed by a study. should briefly address the questio research will address? statement is to focus the attention that briefly sums up the problem f DR.C.PARAMASIVAN
  16. 16. A good problem statement shouldA good problem statement should answer these questionsanswer these questions What is the problem? This is needed. Who has the problem or This should explain who needs decide the problem has been solved What is the scope and resources, technologies) that problem? RESEARCH PROPOSAL WRITING A good problem statement shouldA good problem statement should answer these questionsanswer these questions This should explain why the team or who is the client/customer? needs the solution and who wil solved. limitations (in time, money that can be used to solve the DR.C.PARAMASIVAN
  17. 17. Objectives of the StudyObjectives of the Study This should list in clear main objectives The aim of the work, of the study, should be defined. 4 /5 objectives should be It should basic and background and chapter scheme. RESEARCH PROPOSAL WRITING Objectives of the StudyObjectives of the Study clear and precise terms the work, i.e. the overall purpose be clearly and concisely be in the proposal background for hypothesis DR.C.PARAMASIVAN
  18. 18. ObjectivesObjectives are Subsidiaryare Subsidiary Are the steps you are going to questions or a specific list of tasks goals of the project Emphasize how aims are to be Must be highly focused and feasible Address the more immediate project Make accurate use of concepts Must be sensible and precisely Should read as an 'individual' ntentions RESEARCH PROPOSAL WRITING are Subsidiaryare Subsidiary to take to answer your researc tasks needed to accomplish th be accomplished feasible project outcomes concepts precisely described 'individual' statement to convey you DR.C.PARAMASIVAN
  19. 19. Research Design and MethodsResearch Design and Methods This section must ogically organized because doing the research. Describe the overall Be specific about approaches. RESEARCH PROPOSAL WRITING Research Design and MethodsResearch Design and Methods be well-written an because you are not actuall overall research design . about the methodologica DR.C.PARAMASIVAN
  20. 20. It consists ofIt consists of Nature of research: The study Coverage: The proposal should tudy, sampling frame, sampling observation etc. Data Collection: The proposal of data, tools and techniques for proposed data Data Analysis: It should indicate proposed to be used in data processing, ontent analysis, indices/scaling techniques RESEARCH PROPOSAL WRITING involve which type of research should clearly indicate the universe of th methods, sampling size, units should indicate sources of data typ collection of various categories indicate the statistical techniques, if an processing, specific packages for data analysi techniques proposed to be used etc. DR.C.PARAMASIVAN
  21. 21. mplicationsmplications The purpose of this section n what ways you believe evise, or extend existing rea under investigation. Depending on the aims udy, describe how the anticipated uture scholarly research, nterventions, or policy making RESEARCH PROPOSAL WRITING section is to argue how an your research will refin knowledge in the subje aims and objectives of you anticipated results will impa theory, practice, forms o making. DR.C.PARAMASIVAN
  22. 22. The Potential Implications of Your StudyThe Potential Implications of Your Study What might the results mean in regards e study? What suggestions for subsequent research e study? What will the results mean to practitioners Will the results influence programs, methods, How might the results contribute to the solution oblems? Will the results influence policy decisions? In what way do individuals or groups benefit What will be improved or changed as a result How will the results of the study be implemented, out? RESEARCH PROPOSAL WRITING The Potential Implications of Your StudyThe Potential Implications of Your Study to the theoretical framework that underpi research could arise from the potential outcomes practitioners in the natural settings of their workplace? methods, and/or forms of intervention? solution of social, economic, or other types decisions? benefit should your study be pursued? result of the proposed research? implemented, and what innovations will com DR.C.PARAMASIVAN
  23. 23. Time BudgetTime Budget The project should be broken up required for completion of each stage 1. Preparatory work 2. Pilot study 3. Drawing of sample 4. Tool construction 5. Data collection 6. Data processing 7. Data analysis 8. Report writing RESEARCH PROPOSAL WRITING up in suitable stages and the time stage of work should be specified DR.C.PARAMASIVAN
  24. 24. ConclusionConclusion The conclusion reiterates ignificance of your proposal ummary of the entire study This section should paragraphs long, emphasizing problem is worth investigating, tudy is unique, and xisting knowledge. RESEARCH PROPOSAL WRITING reiterates the importance o proposal and provides a brie study. should be only one or tw emphasizing why the researc investigating, why your researc how it should advanc DR.C.PARAMASIVAN
  25. 25. Reading this section should comeReading this section should come away with an understandingaway with an understanding Why the study should be done The specific purpose of the questions it attempts to answer The decision to why the research used where chosen over other The potential implications proposed study of the research A sense of how your study scholarship about the research RESEARCH PROPOSAL WRITING Reading this section should comeReading this section should come away with an understandingaway with an understanding done the study and the researc answer research design and method other options implications emerging from you research problem study fits within the broade research problem DR.C.PARAMASIVAN
  26. 26. References As with any scholarly cite the sources you used proposal. References - lists only actually used or cited in your Adequate number of added Alphabetical order of RESEARCH PROPOSAL WRITING scholarly research paper, you mus used in composing you only the literature that you your proposal. of references should b of reference DR.C.PARAMASIVAN
  27. 27. Methods of writing reference Bibliographies are typically o one of three styles: American Psychological cientific papers Modern Language humanities papers Chicago Manual of Style ournals. RESEARCHPROPOSAL WRITING DR.C.PARAMASIVAN Methods of writing reference typically formatted accordin Psychological Association (APA) fo Association (MLA) fo Style (CMS) for books an RESEARCHPROPOSAL WRITING DR.C.PARAMASIVAN
  28. 28. Beforesubmityourproposal…. Find out the funding agencies Thrust area Background of your specialization Publish one or two articles Institutional support Infrastructural facilities Commitment Time constraint RESEARCHPROPOSAL WRITING DR.C.PARAMASIVAN Beforesubmityourproposal…. Find out the funding agencies Background of your specialization RESEARCHPROPOSAL WRITING DR.C.PARAMASIVAN
  29. 29. Questions RESEARCH PROPOSAL WRITING Questions DR.C.PARAMASIVAN
  30. 30. THANKS FOR YOUR PATIENCE RESEARCH PROPOSAL WRITING THANKS FOR YOUR PATIENCE DR.C.PARAMASIVAN

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