General Pharmacology

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General Pharmacology

  1. 1. General Pharmacology Chapter Twelve
  2. 2. Chapter <ul><li>Medications that are carried on the ambulance </li></ul><ul><li>Medications the EMT-B can assist a patient in taking </li></ul><ul><li>What EMT-Bs must know when giving medications </li></ul>Twelve CORE CONCEPTS
  3. 3. Pharmacology The study of drugs, their sources, characteristics, and effects K EY TERM
  4. 4. M EDICATIONS
  5. 5. <ul><li>Activated charcoal </li></ul><ul><li>Oral glucose </li></ul><ul><li>Oxygen </li></ul>Medications Carried on the EMS Unit
  6. 6. <ul><li>Prescribed inhaler </li></ul><ul><li>Nitroglycerin </li></ul><ul><li>Epinephrine </li></ul><ul><li>Aspirin (in some systems) </li></ul>Assisting with Prescribed Medication
  7. 7. Tell new EMT-Bs that compiling an accurate description of the patient’s medication not only helps the ambulance crew but also helps hospital personnel obtain important information about the patient and his or her history. P RECEPTOR P EARL
  8. 8. G ENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT MEDICATIONS
  9. 9. <ul><li>Generic name listed in </li></ul>U.S. Pharmacopeia <ul><li>Name assigned to drug before </li></ul>it becomes officially listed <ul><li>Usually a simple form of the </li></ul>chemical name Medication Names: Generic
  10. 10. <ul><li>Brand name used by </li></ul>manufacturer of the drug Medication Names: Trade Name
  11. 11. Indication K EY TERM Use of a medication to treat for a specific illness
  12. 12. Contraindication K EY TERM Situation in which a medication would be ineffective and cause harm
  13. 13. Side Effects K EY TERM Undesirable effects on a patient Some side effects are predictable (e.g., headache as a side effect of nitroglycerin).
  14. 14. Dose Actions Route (i.e., orally, sublingually, by injection) K EY TERMS How much should be given to a patient Desired effects on a patient How the medication is administered
  15. 15. Compressed Powders, or Tablets Sublingual Spray Forms of Medications (Continued)
  16. 16. Liquids for Injection Gases Forms of Medications (Continued)
  17. 17. Gels Suspensions Forms of Medications (Continued)
  18. 18. Fine Powder for Inhalation Metered-Dose Inhaler Forms of Medications
  19. 19. The “Rights” <ul><li>Right patient? </li></ul><ul><li>Right medication? </li></ul><ul><li>Right dose? </li></ul><ul><li>Right route? </li></ul><ul><li>Right time of administration? </li></ul><ul><li>Right documentation? </li></ul>Medication Administration
  20. 20. Medication Administration <ul><li>Patient must be reassessed </li></ul>after medication is administered. <ul><li>Repeat vital signs. </li></ul><ul><li>Document patient’s response </li></ul>to medication.
  21. 21. There are many medications that patients may be taking that offer clues to their medical history or presenting problem. The EMT-B should carry a pocket guide (e.g., Pocket Reference for BLS Providers ) that lists commonly prescribed medications. Field Resources
  22. 22. 1. List the forms of medications. medication administration. 3. List the medications carried on the 2. List the four of the “rights” in ambulance. R EVIEW QUESTIONS

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