Bis Tools Of It


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Bis Tools Of It

  1. 1. INFORMATION <ul><li>Defined as the characteristics of the o/p of the process </li></ul><ul><li>Is produced by all processes and it is the value of characteristics in the process’ output that are information. </li></ul>
  2. 2. PROCESS <ul><li>A set of logically related tasks performed to achieve a defined goals </li></ul><ul><li>Is a instance of a program (running in a computer) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Processing <ul><li>Transforming / Converting / Changing the data into desired outputs </li></ul>
  4. 4. KNOWLEDGE <ul><li>An awareness and understanding of a set of information and ways that information can be made useful to support a specific task or reach a decision. </li></ul>
  5. 5. INFORMATION SYSTEM <ul><li>IS – set of interrelated components </li></ul><ul><li>IS – provides a feedback mechanism to meet an objective </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. of IS are </li></ul>
  6. 6. Organization <ul><li>An organized group with a particular purpose., e.g business </li></ul><ul><li>System </li></ul><ul><li>Collection of people/resources </li></ul><ul><li>Objective is to make profits </li></ul><ul><li>Maximize the stakeholders value </li></ul>
  7. 7. In any organization.. <ul><li>Inputs are Material / People / Money </li></ul><ul><li>Outputs are Goods / Services produced </li></ul><ul><li>Note : Outputs have higher value than Inputs. </li></ul><ul><li>HOW ?? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Inputs Transformation Mechanism Decision Making Outputs DATA FLOW DECISION FLOW Material and Physical Flow Value flow Model of an Organization Org System Process Subsystem
  9. 9. Objective / Goals of Organization <ul><li>Make Profits / Revenues </li></ul><ul><li>Maximize the Stakeholders / Shareholders value </li></ul><ul><li>Who are responsible for this </li></ul><ul><li>Money, People, Material, M/c, Equipments, Information, Database, decision are constantly utilized. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Organization Structure <ul><li>Contains various subunits which relates to each other and to the organization as a whole </li></ul><ul><li>WHY ?? </li></ul><ul><li>for work decision, role assignment, authority, responsibilities. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Types of Org. Structures <ul><li>1. Traditional </li></ul><ul><li>Generally – Hierarchical split Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Strategically to operationally </li></ul><ul><li>High degree of Authority </li></ul><ul><li>Corporate goals is major look out </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>2. Project OS </li></ul><ul><li>Confined for particular period </li></ul><ul><li>Forming of new team for new project </li></ul><ul><li>Focused on prod / service as a center point </li></ul><ul><li>E.g ERP project </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>3. Team OS </li></ul><ul><li>Focused on group / teams ( small or large) </li></ul><ul><li>Team is undefined </li></ul><ul><li>E.g </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>4. Multidimensional OS </li></ul><ul><li>Combination of TOS and POS </li></ul><ul><li>It results in to Matrix </li></ul><ul><li>WHAT are The Adv. and DIS-Advantage? </li></ul><ul><li>Several stru. Links at the same time </li></ul><ul><li>Not preferred generally </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>5. Virtual OS </li></ul><ul><li>Almost as Described (Incomplete) </li></ul><ul><li>Temporary </li></ul><ul><li>Geographically separated </li></ul><ul><li>People can collaborate on any project </li></ul>
  16. 16. Organization Culture <ul><li>WHAT ?? </li></ul><ul><li>To understand the beliefs / values / approach for decision making </li></ul><ul><li>To make assumptions which is not documented and not stated. </li></ul><ul><li>E.G : </li></ul>
  17. 17. Organization Change <ul><li>Only constant thing </li></ul><ul><li>It involves change-theories </li></ul><ul><li>Identification of the phases and ways to implement them </li></ul><ul><li>Phase 1 – Unfreezing </li></ul><ul><li>Phase 2 – Moving </li></ul><ul><li>Phase 3 - Refreezing </li></ul>
  18. 18. Unfreezing <ul><li>Discarding / leaving / ceasing / removing the old habits or methodologies and </li></ul><ul><li>To make a climate / way to change </li></ul><ul><li>E.g., </li></ul>
  19. 19. Moving <ul><li>Process of entry in to the new work methods / methodology / system </li></ul><ul><li>E.g., </li></ul>
  20. 20. Refreezing <ul><li>Vital phase as the reinforcing the changes made happen here </li></ul><ul><li>Need is to know-how of the dynamics of change </li></ul><ul><li>Used to maximize the efficiency and effectiveness of the organization system. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Re-engineering <ul><li>Redesigning the process </li></ul><ul><li>for business processes, for org structure change, for IS change, for change of value (of org.) </li></ul><ul><li>WHY Required ?? </li></ul><ul><li>WHAT are the benefits ?? </li></ul>
  22. 22. Re-engineering is Required.. <ul><li>To remain competent </li></ul><ul><li>To do any fundamental changes in the business </li></ul><ul><li>To gain / obtain the desired breakthrough in business-results </li></ul>
  23. 23. Benefits of Re-engineering <ul><li>Increases productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Increases service quality </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance customer satisfaction </li></ul><ul><li>Increases revenues / profitability </li></ul>
  24. 24. Technology Diffusion(TD) <ul><li>Diffusion means spreading over the large area </li></ul><ul><li>TD is spreading of technology widely in an organization </li></ul><ul><li>E.g : </li></ul>
  25. 25. Technology Infusion (TI) <ul><li>Infuse means spreading throughout. </li></ul><ul><li>TI is spread or imbedded technology in an organization </li></ul><ul><li>E.g: </li></ul>
  26. 26. Total Quality Management <ul><li>Quality – </li></ul><ul><li>Quality means .. </li></ul><ul><li>a method, value-approach up to desired value </li></ul><ul><li>Management –? </li></ul><ul><li>Management means .. </li></ul><ul><li>a process of planning, organising, staffing, co-ordinating and controlling the resources to achieve the business goals. </li></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>TQM – </li></ul><ul><li>is methodology to sustain and maintain the quality commitment level of an organization with reference to the way of approach, tools, and techniques. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Total Cost of Ownership
  29. 29. Careers in IS
  30. 30. Please answer … <ul><li>How IS adhere to TQM in the organization when integrated into business ?? </li></ul>