BIRD’S EYE VIEW
• SUB SECTIONS
• SIGNIFICANCE OF OPEN EDUCATIONONAL RESOURCES
• TYPES OF OPEN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES
• OER was coined in 2002 in
UNESCO Forum .
• The Cape Town Open Education
Declaration (2008) and Paris OER
Declaration (2012) provided
guidelines and encouragement to
the Governments to release
Educational resources with open
•To familiarize the OER, FOSS, CC
licensing, Ubuntu OS etc.
•To adopt and use OER, FOSS
and Ubuntu OS related to the
•To explore similar tools of
Importance of Open Educational Resources
•OERs are useful in improving education across the globe.
•They offer free access to some of the world’s best courses.
•OERs allow us to bring the excellent teaching learning materials
in to our education system
•They offer equal access to knowledge and re-usability.
•They provide self-paced learning.
•They offer flexibility in study time i. e. anywhere and anytime
the learner can study.
•Provide access to huge amount of study materials.
•Help in enhancement of content knowledge.
•Accessible and affordable for all.
•OERs are adaptable and allow others to reproduce them for
•Help in advancing knowledge and widening participation.
Help in one’s own professional advancement.
During 2013-14, the “Karnataka Open
Educational Resources” (KOER) program was
designed and implemented by RMSA
Karnataka with DSERT for its 'in-service
teacher education' component.
Mathematics, science and social science
teachers have collaborated to create digital
learning resources for the new class IX
textbook topics for KOER
NROER is launched by the MHRD, Govt. of India.
NROER is developed as a solution to address the challenges faced by the
education sector of our country.
It aims at reaching the unreached and prioritizes to extend education to
It is a collaborative platform involving everyone who is interested in
It offers resources for all school subjects and grades in multiple
It brings together all the digital resources for a school system such as
educational videos, audio, images, documents and interactive modules
and also allows you to contribute your own resources.
The Open Educational Resources Universities (OERU’s) is an
education platform offering a number of MOOC-type, university
level courses and programmes.
MOOC’s are the Massive Open Online Courses.
There are several courses offered on this platform.
Some of these courses offer credits towards further study.
This initiative is useful for individuals interested in studying
For more detailed information about OERu please visit the
Free and open-source software (FOSS)
FOSS is computer software that can be classified as
both free software and open-source software.
Anyone is freely licensed to use, copy, study, and
change the software in any way, and the source code
is openly shared so that people are encouraged to
voluntarily improve the design of the software.
This is in contrast to proprietary software, where the
software is under restrictive copyright and the source
code is usually hidden from the users.
Open Cog — A project that aims to build an artificial general intelligence (AGI) framework.
digiKam — Integrated photography toolkit including editing capabilities
GIMP — Raster graphics editor aimed at image retouching/editing
Inkscape — Vector graphics editor
Krita — Digital painting and sketching application, with a variety of brush engines
RawTherapee — Digital image workflow management aimed at RAW photo Processing
Ascalaph Designer — Molecular modeling and simulation
GROMACS — Protein, lipid, and nucleic acid simulation
Ubuntu is a Debian-based Linux operating system for personal
computers, tablets and smart phones, where Ubuntu
Touch edition is used;
And also runs network servers, usually with the Ubuntu Server
edition, either on physical or virtual servers.
Ubuntu is published by Canonical Ltd, who offer commercial
It is based on free software and named after the Southern African
philosophy of ubuntu (literally, 'human-ness'), which Canonical
Ltd. suggests can be loosely translated as "humanity to others"
or "I am what I am because of who we all are".
Ubuntu is the most popular operating system running in hosted
environments, so–called "clouds", as it is the most popular
server Linux distribution.
A default installation of Ubuntu contains a wide range of
includes LibreOffice, Firefox, Thunderbird, Transmission,
and several lightweight games such as Sudoku and chess.
Many additional software packages are accessible from the
built in Ubuntu Software Center as well as other package
Many additional software packages, such
as Evolution, GIMP, Pidgin, and Synaptic, that are no longer
installed by default, are still accessible in the repositories,
installable with the built in Ubuntu Software Center; or by
any other package management tool and Snappy.
Ubuntu operates under the GNU General Public
License (GPL) and all of the application software installed
by default is free software. Security: