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Philippine Political Parties

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intro. to Political Science, Political Parties in the Philippines by Rafael Y. Paragas

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Philippine Political Parties

  1. 1. POLITICAL PARTIES IN THE PHILIPPINES
  2. 2. Political parties in the Philippines are of diverse ideologies and are plentiful in number. Most of these parties do not have actual grassroots membership among ordinary voters but rather that of political figures and leaders.
  3. 3. What is a Political Party A group of people that is organized for the purpose of winning government power, by electoral or other means. Voluntary association of individuals who advocate certain principles or policies as superior to all others for the general conduct of government and which nominates and supports certain of its leaders as electoral candidates.
  4. 4. CHARACTERISTICS OF A POLITICAL PARTY: 1. Has an organized structure with lines of authority and power distribution. 2. Seek to attract popular support in the form of votes. 3. Seeks political power directly thru electoral method 4. Prepared to support a candidate and fight for victory in an election. (to gain power)
  5. 5. PARTY MEMBERSHIP means formal attachment to a political party, usually involving the assumption of obligations to the party and receiving privileges from the party. 1. For patronage 2. To get special treatment from the government 3. To enhance their own career 4. Economic benefit 5. Personal gratification 6. To have and to use an influence on the others 7. Ideological fulfillment
  6. 6. Party Membership Rules: § Usually require a person to apply formally for membership, and party officials can accept or reject the application (though in fact they are usually accepted). § The person must at least pay annual dues and sometimes take an oath to support the party’s principles and candidates.
  7. 7. THE FUNCTIONS OF POLITICAL PARTIES 1. Leadership Recruitment- The political party is still likely to be a structure that identifies potential leaders, brings them to public attention, and secures them the support necessary for taking public office. 2. Coordinate policy across different branches of Gov’t 3. Mobilize voters – get out the vote drives -President, Congress, local party cooperation to win elections. -Leaders stress party loyalty to proposed policies. 4. Provide accountability- unintended side effect Used by voters to hold elected official accountable
  8. 8. THE FUNCTIONS OF POLITICAL PARTIES 5. nominate candidates - by most common method today. 6. contest election- “wage war” in the general election 7. form governments- organized along party lines government appointments in executive
  9. 9. PRINCIPAL ACTIVITIES OF PARTIES 1. Selecting Candidates Parties virtually monopolize nominations, which give them tremendous power to shape governments and policies. 2. Election Campaigning Those professionals, hired by the candidates for substantial fees, organize high-tech campaigns that feature such up-to-date (and costly) techniques and raising money by computerized direct mail advertising.
  10. 10. PRINCIPAL ACTIVITIES OF PARTIES CONT.. 3. Nominate Candidates—Recruit, choose, and present candidates for public office. 4. Inform and Activate Supporters—Campaign, define issues, and criticize other candidates. 5. Act as a Bonding Agent—Guarantee that their candidate is worthy of the office. 6. Govern—Members of government act according to their partisanship, or firm allegiance to a party. 7. Act as a Watchdog—Parties that are out of power keep a close eye on the actions of the party in power for a blunder to use against them in the next election.
  11. 11. POLICY FORMULATION The successful party finds out what people want and finds way to combine and address those demands. Specific policies inevitably begin to emerge in this process. 1. Campaigning In today’s world of mass media, political consultants, and direct mail advertising, the parties still play a part in ensuring that voters are registered, that they know the differences among the candidates, and that they know when and where to vote on election day.
  12. 12. 2. GOVERNING The leader of the party winning the most votes takes the top leadership role, works with the advice of a cabinet formed of his own party.
  13. 13. SOME PHILIPPINE POLITICAL PARTIES
  14. 14. NACIONALISTA PARTY
  15. 15. LIBERAL PARTY PARTIDO LIBERAL NG PILIPINAS
  16. 16. PWERSA NG MASANG PILIPINO Force of the Filipino Masses
  17. 17. L A K A S K A M P I CMD
  18. 18. MINOR PARTIES PLAY SEVERAL IMPORTANT ROLES: “SPOILER ROLE” MINOR PARTY CANDIDATES CAN PULL DECISIVE VOTES AWAY FROM ONE OF THE MAJOR PARTIES’ CANDIDATES, ESPECIALLY IF THE MINOR PARTY CANDIDATE IS FROM A SPLINTER PARTY. CRITIC MINOR PARTIES, ESPECIALLY SINGLE-ISSUE PARTIES, OFTEN TAKE STANDS ON AND DRAW ATTENTION TO CONTROVERSIAL ISSUES THAT THE MAJOR PARTIES WOULD PREFER TO IGNORE. INNOVATOR OFTEN, MINOR PARTIES WILL DRAW ATTENTION TO IMPORTANT ISSUES AND PROPOSE INNOVATIVE SOLUTIONS TO PROBLEMS. IF THESE PROPOSALS GAIN POPULAR SUPPORT, THEY ARE OFTEN INTEGRATED INTO THE PLATFORMS OF THE TWO MAJOR PARTIES.
  19. 19. Gabriela Party
  20. 20. Anak mindanao Party
  21. 21. Philippine name ! Parties Represented in Congress English name Abbr. Leader Founded International Seats in the lower house Seats in the upper house Notes Bagong Alyansang Makabayan New Patriotic Alliance Bayan Satur Ocampo 1985 International Newsletter 7 / 292 0 / 24 Offshoot of the Communist Party of the Philippines Centrist Democratic Party of the Philippines CDP Rufus Rodriguez 2012 none 1 / 292 0 / 24 Offshoot of Lakas–Christian Muslim Democrats Kilusang Bagong Lipunan New Society Movement KBL Imelda Marcos 1978 none 1 / 292 0 / 24 Offshoot of the Nacionalista Party Laban ng Demokratik ong Pilipino Struggle of Democratic Filipinos LDP Edgardo Angara 1998 Centrist Democrat International 2 / 292 1 / 24 Former member of Corazon Aquino's UNIDO (1986) Partido Demokratik o Pilipino- Lakas ng Bayan Philippine Democratic Party- People's Power PDP Laban Aquilino Pimentel III 1982 none UNA 1 / 24 Former member of Corazon Aquino's UNIDO (1986) People's Reform Party PRP Miriam Defensor Santiago 1991 none 0 / 292 1 / 24 Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino Force of the Filipino Masses PMP Joseph Estrada 1991 none See UNA
  22. 22. Parties represented in Congress Philippine name !! English name Abbr. Leader Founded International Seats in the lower house Seats in the upper house Notes Lakas–Christian Muslim Democrats People Power- Christian Muslim Democrats Lakas Gloria Macapagal- Arroyo 2008 Centrist Democrat International 14 / 292 2 / 24 Formerly known as Lakas Kampi CMD; merged from original Lakas–CMD and KAMPI Liberal Party LP Benigno Aquino III and Mar Roxas 1946 Liberal International, Alliance of Democrats, Council of Asian Liberals and Democrats 110 / 292 4 / 24 Originally the Nacionalista Party; member of the Aquino-Laurel UNIDO (1986) Nacionalista Party Nationalist Party NP Manny Villar 1903 none 17 / 292 5 / 24 Oldest political party in the Philippines Nationalist People's Coalition NPC Eduardo Cojuangco, Jr. 1991 none 43 / 292 2 / 24 Offshoot of the Nacionalista Party; formerly known as Partido Pilipino National Unity Party NUP Pablo P. Garcia 2011 none 24 / 292 0 / 24 Offshoot of the Lakas Kampi CMD United Nationalist Alliance UNA Jejomar Binay, Joseph Estrada and Juan Ponce Enrile 2012 none 8 / 292 5 / 24 Electoral alliance of the PMP and the PDP-Laban
  23. 23. These parties won more than 2% of the vote Philippine name Party-lists represented in Congress English translation Abbr. #1 nominee Seats in the lower house (PL only) Notes 1st Consumers Alliance for Rural Energy 1-CARE Edgardo Masongsong 2 / 58 Abono Fertilizer Abono Conrado Estrella III 2 / 58 Advocacy for Teacher Empowerment Through Action, Cooperation and Harmony Towards Educational Reforms A TEACHER Mariano Piamonte, Jr. 2 / 58 Agricultural Sector Alliance of the Philippines AGAP Nicanor Miral Briones 2 / 58 Akbayan Citizens' Action Party Akbayan Walden Bello 2 / 58 Member of the Progressive Alliance; Consultative member of the Socialist International; Allied with Team PNoy Ako Bicol Political Party I am Bicol Political Party AKB Christopher Co or Emilio Ubaldo, Jr. 2 / 58 An Waray The Waray [people] An Waray Neil Benedict Montejo 2 / 58 Bayan Muna Nation First Bayan Muna Neri Colmenares 2 / 58 Member of the Bagong Alyansang Makabayan Buhay Hayaan Yumabong Life be Allowed to Prosper Buhay Michael Velarde, Jr. 3 / 58 Citizens' Battle Against Corruption CIBAC Sherwin Tugna or Luis Lokin, Jr. 2 / 58 Cooperative NATCCO Network Party Coop- NATCCO Cresente Paez 2 / 58 GABRIELA Women's Party GABRIELA Luzviminda Ilagan 2 / 58 Member of the Bagong Alyansang Makabayan Magdalo para sa Pilipino Cheer for Filipinos Magdalo Gary Alejano 2 / 58 OFW Family Club OFW Family Roy Señeres, Sr. 2 / 58
  24. 24. Kinds of Party Systems 1. The One- Party System 2. The Two- Party System 3. The Multi- Party System
  25. 25. The One- Party System

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