The ports as logistics platforms
insights from international
experiences
Trends in Maritime Transportation
• Volatility in the global economy reduces margins
– Larger vessels (>8000 TEU)
– Slower...
Trends in Maritime Transportation

400.000
350.000
300.000
250.000

200.000
150.000
100.000
50.000

Adriatic

North Sea

A...
Sailing Days: Hamburg - Shanghai
Departure

Arrival

11.09.2013
11.09.2013
12.09.2013
12.09.2013
12.09.2013
12.09.2013
12....
Trends in Maritime Transportation
• Volatility in the global economy reduces margins
– Larger vessels (>8000 TEU)
– Slower...
Substitution of Modes
• DB Schenker
– freight train ride from Zhengzou
to Hamburg
– 15 days for 10,000km

• DHL
– Combinin...
Responses of maritime ports
• Strategic Planning & Management
–
–
–

Market & catchment area focus
Focus on cargo & commod...
Strategic Planning & Management
• Focus on cargo & commodity types
– Bremerhaven (Automotive exports/imports)
– Atlantic r...
Austria, a contested catchment area
18.000.000

40,0%

16.000.000

35,0%

14.000.000

30,0%

12.000.000

25,0%

10.000.000...
Reasons for selecting more expensive ports
Customer Focus of Port

Port Equipment

Hinterland Connection

Risk of Delays i...
A renewed focus on efficiency & service levels
• DG MOVE initiative to develop port performance indicators
– Beyond monthl...
Responses of maritime ports
• Strategic Planning & Management
–
–
–

Market & catchment area focus
Focus on cargo & commod...
Hinterland Railroad Connections
• Response to road congestion & calls for a sustainable
transport system
• Increasingly a ...
Selection Criteria: Hinterland Connectivity
• Hamburg
– 74 pairwise & quai specific
block trains

• Rotterdam
– Shuttle tr...
Extended Gateway Concepts
„port entry“ shifted to an inland location
• Separate area, zone offering logistics services
– S...
Responses of maritime ports
• Strategic Planning & Management
–
–
–

Market & catchment area focus
Focus on cargo & commod...
Port Community Systems
Interoperability

• Coordination of a community via standards based
communication
– Optimizes, mana...
Providing additional services
(Performance Indicators, Analytical Support)
Neutral Logistics Information Platform
• Funding program to support
the development of ITS for
synchro-modality
• All comm...
Summary: Quo Vadis European Port System?
• Ports are transforming into comprehensive logistics platforms
– Considering sup...
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The ports as logistics platforms - the current metamorphosis of maritime ports

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The ports as logistics platforms - the current metamorphosis of maritime ports

  1. 1. The ports as logistics platforms insights from international experiences
  2. 2. Trends in Maritime Transportation • Volatility in the global economy reduces margins – Larger vessels (>8000 TEU) – Slower sailing • Intermodality exerts pressure on ports – Logistics managers becoming „mode agnostic“ – Face modal substitutability (rail? air-cargo?) • Concerns about negative impact on the environment – Greenhouse Gas Emissions (EU directives)
  3. 3. Trends in Maritime Transportation 400.000 350.000 300.000 250.000 200.000 150.000 100.000 50.000 Adriatic North Sea Atlantic 0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
  4. 4. Sailing Days: Hamburg - Shanghai Departure Arrival 11.09.2013 11.09.2013 12.09.2013 12.09.2013 12.09.2013 12.09.2013 12.09.2013 12.09.2013 12.09.2013 13.09.2013 13.09.2013 13.09.2013 13.09.2013 14.09.2013 14.09.2013 14.09.2013 14.09.2013 14.09.2013 14.09.2013 14.09.2013 20.10.2013 02.11.2013 15.10.2013 15.10.2013 19.10.2013 23.10.2013 25.10.2013 31.10.2013 06.11.2013 19.10.2013 23.10.2013 23.10.2013 23.10.2013 19.10.2013 19.10.2013 19.10.2013 19.10.2013 31.10.2013 31.10.2013 31.10.2013 2013 2010 0 Carrier Hapag-Lloyd Evergreen CMA CGM Group Delmas Evergreen (sailing days) Yang Ming Marine Transport Corp. United Arab Shipping Company Chipolbrok Rickmers Linie Hanjin Shipping Hapag-Lloyd Evergreen Hanjin Shipping K-Line Hanjin Shipping Yang Ming Marine Transport Corp. K-Line COSCO Container Lines Co., Ltd. United Arab Shipping Company Yang Ming Marine Transport Corp. Average Duration 40 21 20 40 60 Sailing Days 39 52 33 33 37 41 43 49 55 36 40 40 40 35 35 35 35 47 47 47
  5. 5. Trends in Maritime Transportation • Volatility in the global economy reduces margins – Larger vessels (>8000 TEU) – Slower sailing • Intermodality exerts pressure on ports – Logistics managers becoming „mode agnostic“ – Face modal substitutability (rail? air-cargo?) • Concerns about negative impact on the environment – MARPOL Annex VI – lower sulphur standards as from 2015
  6. 6. Substitution of Modes • DB Schenker – freight train ride from Zhengzou to Hamburg – 15 days for 10,000km • DHL – Combining maritime with aircargo – 50% faster than maritime shipping; 50% cheaper than aircargo
  7. 7. Responses of maritime ports • Strategic Planning & Management – – – Market & catchment area focus Focus on cargo & commodity types Focus on providing better service to the industry • From maritime port to multimodal hub – – – Inland waterways (Antwerp, Rotterdam, Venice, …) Railroad connections (Hamburg, Barcelona, …) Extended Gateway Concepts • Port Community Coordination – – – Interoperable Port Community Systems Providing additional services (Performance Indicators) Enhancing supply chain efficiency: NLIP
  8. 8. Strategic Planning & Management • Focus on cargo & commodity types – Bremerhaven (Automotive exports/imports) – Atlantic range (Le Havre, Dunkirk, …) (Wind turbines) – Amsterdam (bulk cargo) vs. Rotterdam (containers) • Regional markets & catchment area focus • Focus on providing better service to the industry – Efforts to reduce turn-around time – Efforts to manage the business using performance indicators
  9. 9. Austria, a contested catchment area 18.000.000 40,0% 16.000.000 35,0% 14.000.000 30,0% 12.000.000 25,0% 10.000.000 20,0% 8.000.000 15,0% 6.000.000 10,0% 4.000.000 5,0% 2.000.000 0,0% 2004 0 2004 2005 2006 2007 Export 2008 Import 2009 2010 2011 2012 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Rotterdam Antwerp Koper Rijeka Hamburg Bremen 2011 2012
  10. 10. Reasons for selecting more expensive ports Customer Focus of Port Port Equipment Hinterland Connection Risk of Delays in Other Ports Port Location Port Efficiency Frequency & quality of services 0 10 20 30 Freight Forwarders 40 50 Shippers 60 70 80 90 100
  11. 11. A renewed focus on efficiency & service levels • DG MOVE initiative to develop port performance indicators – Beyond monthly reports on cargo throughput – ESPO Port Performance Dashboard • Mixed reception of performance benchmarks of terminals – Recent debate on the usefulness of productivity rankings comparing ports around the world • Efforts to reduce turn-around time and to improve productivity – Increasing the number of moves / hour – Impact on the performance of the door-to-door supply chain
  12. 12. Responses of maritime ports • Strategic Planning & Management – – – Market & catchment area focus Focus on cargo & commodity types Focus on providing better service to the industry • From maritime port to multimodal hub – – – Inland waterways Railroad connections Extended Gateway Concepts • Port Community Coordination – – – Interoperable Port Community Systems Providing additional services (Performance Indicators) Enhancing supply chain efficiency: NLIP
  13. 13. Hinterland Railroad Connections • Response to road congestion & calls for a sustainable transport system • Increasingly a market for independent carriers – Baltic Rail, IMS, TX-Logistik, boxXpress, …. • Regular and reliable train services to economic centers contribute to the attractivity of ports
  14. 14. Selection Criteria: Hinterland Connectivity • Hamburg – 74 pairwise & quai specific block trains • Rotterdam – Shuttle train connecting Rotterdam - Wels – Bratislava – Rhein-Main-Danube inland waterway connection • Antwerp – Cooperation with Duisburg – Shuttle Connecting ViennaDuisburg-Antwerp (plan) – Rhein-Main-Danube inland waterway connection • Koper – Daily connection Koper – Graz – 2 trains per week KoperVienna-Poland
  15. 15. Extended Gateway Concepts „port entry“ shifted to an inland location • Separate area, zone offering logistics services – Stuffing, stripping, warehousing • Response to congestion in ports – Expected increase in the wake of increased containerization • Increase productivity & efficiency in ports
  16. 16. Responses of maritime ports • Strategic Planning & Management – – – Market & catchment area focus Focus on cargo & commodity types Focus on providing better service to the industry • Hinterland access – from maritime port to multimodal hub – – – Inland waterways (Antwerp, Rotterdam, Venice, …) Railroad connections (Hamburg, Barcelona, …) Extended Gateway Concepts • Port Community coordination – – – Interoperable Port Community Systems Providing additional services (Performance Indicators) Enhancing supply chain efficiency: NLIP
  17. 17. Port Community Systems Interoperability • Coordination of a community via standards based communication – Optimizes, manages and automates logistics processes – Not only pertaining to maritime shipments but with a multimodal scope • Single Windows … at national and European level – Increases operational efficiency of a trade • Carrier strategies and port cooperation require interoperability of PCS
  18. 18. Providing additional services (Performance Indicators, Analytical Support)
  19. 19. Neutral Logistics Information Platform • Funding program to support the development of ITS for synchro-modality • All communication between companies & public authorities via NLIP by 2020 • DHL (LSPs), ECT, EVO, Havenbedrijf Rotterdam (HbR), KLM (air freight), Schiphol, VRC, TLN, Car gonaut, Portbase, Port of Amsterdam, Handling agents, Horticulture, Logius, Mi nistries
  20. 20. Summary: Quo Vadis European Port System? • Ports are transforming into comprehensive logistics platforms – Considering supply chain requirements – Developing services and providing coordination • Ports are living up to the challenges of the markets and are become more competitive • EU will have to find a balance between oversight and equal access opportunities – Blue Belt Legislation – Framework on market access to port services …

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