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Secondary sector in Spain


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Industry, mining and energy sources

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Secondary sector in Spain

  2. 2. MINING Spain had important mining resources in the past. In the 19th century Spain exported almost all its production. This led to the exhaustion of the best mines. Nowadays the mining production is insufficient and the industries have to import minerals from other countries. There are mines of coal, copper, lead, mercury, iron, wolfram, sulfur and industrial rocks, such as marble, granite and slate.
  3. 3. Riotinto copper mine Retortillo uranium mine in Salamanca Potash mine near Manresa
  4. 4. Spain doesn´t have enough energy resources. The country has to import fossil minerals (coal, oil and natural gas) to satisfy the needs of industries, transport and domestic consumption.
  6. 6. The available energy resources are: o Coal: used in thermal power stations. o Nuclear power: there are nuclear power stations working at present, but many people consider that nuclear power is not safe and there are problems with the elimination of nuclear wastes. o Hydroelectric power: there are hydroelectric power stations in the largest rivers (Duero, Tajo, Guadiana and Ebro). Hydraulic power stations Nuclear power stations
  7. 7. o Renewable energy sources: Spain is an important power in renewable energy sources, especially solar and wind power.
  8. 8. Renewable energy sources in 2012 Renewable energy sources produced 37.1% of the electricity in Spain in 2015
  9. 9. INDUSTRY The Industrial Revolution in Spain was delayed with respect to the rest of Europe. At the end of the 19th century the industrialized areas were Catalonia, the Basque Provinces, Madrid and some isolated areas of Andalusia. There were some important difficulties: -lack of energy resources, raw materials and technology -The Civil War and the first period of the dictatorship interrupted the economic development of the country. The industrial development took off in the 60s, with the creation of development poles financed by the government.
  10. 10. In the 80s and 90s the Spanish industry suffered a process of reconversion. Many old- fashioned industries had to close, other industries had to modernize and the government gave subsidies to other industries in order to give work to the workers who had lost their jobs.
  11. 11. Nowadays Spain is one of the most industrialized countries in the world. The Spanish industries are modern, they use the newest technologies and workers are qualified. The main problem is delocalization. Several industries have moved to other countries, where the production costs are cheaper.
  12. 12. The main industrial regions in Spain are Catalonia, Madrid, the Basque country and the Valencian Community. There are also some industrial cities, such as Zaragoza, Seville, Valladolid, Vigo, Gijón, Málaga…These industrial areas form two industrial axes: - Ebro axe: it includes the industrial regions of Catalonia, Aragon, La Rioja, Navarre and the Basque Country. - Mediterranean axe: it connects the industrial regions of Catalonia, the Valencian Community and Murcia. MAIN INDUSTRIAL REGIONS