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4.2 4.3 compound sentence by_coordination

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4.2 4.3 compound sentence by_coordination

  1. 1. <ul><li>Types of sentences according to structure </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>Sentences accordig to structure </li></ul><ul><li>A Compound Sentence has more than one </li></ul><ul><li>clause : Two or more verbs headword of </li></ul><ul><li>the predicate.   </li></ul><ul><li>We were exhausted, but drove from Mexico to Chetumal in one day. ( it has two verbs) </li></ul><ul><li>We did not arrive on time to the meeting because she had a previous appointment.   </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>The compound sentences may be classified as: </li></ul><ul><li>Compound by coordination </li></ul><ul><li>Two or more independent clauses that are related in </li></ul><ul><li>meaning. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>My father is a mechanic and my mother is a housewife. (the two independen clauses are joined by a conjunction “and”) </li></ul><ul><li>No thanks, I do n’t drink spirits but I am enjoying </li></ul><ul><li>myself anyway. </li></ul><ul><li>Compound by subordination </li></ul><ul><li>One independent clause and at least one subordinate clause </li></ul><ul><li>Although he is now 79 years old , he still claims to be </li></ul><ul><li>65. </li></ul><ul><li>He doesn’t know what to say . </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Compound Sentences by Coordination </li></ul><ul><li>Compound sentences by coordination may be </li></ul><ul><li>joined in three different ways: </li></ul><ul><li>By using a conjunction: / a correlative conjunction </li></ul><ul><li>Conjunctions connect words, phrases, or clauses of </li></ul><ul><li>equivalent grammatical structure or serve as transitions </li></ul><ul><li>between sentences. </li></ul><ul><li>By using a sentence connector </li></ul><ul><li>Used to connect sentences. They are not part of the </li></ul><ul><li>sentence as is the conjunction. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Compound Sentences by Coordination </li></ul><ul><li>By asyndeton </li></ul><ul><li>A n asyndetic coordination is a type of coordination </li></ul><ul><li>in which no coordinating conjunction is present </li></ul><ul><li>between the conjuncts. </li></ul><ul><li>He is here ; his mind is someplace else. </li></ul><ul><li>He came , he saw , he conquered. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>COORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS normally known as the </li></ul><ul><li>FANBOYS or BOYFANS </li></ul>Coordinating Conjunctions Meaning but shows opposition or contrast (&quot;however&quot;) There has been no word from the plane but we haven’t given up hope.( contrast ) or indicates choices or alternatives Do you want to drink coffee or tea? yet shows an occurrence in spite of another occurrence for indicates a cause will follow in a cause-effect relationship and indicates additional information will follow nor shows a negative option (&quot;not this either&quot;) so indicates a result will follow in a cause-effect relationship
  7. 7. <ul><li>Correlative Conjunctions </li></ul><ul><li>These are pairs of connectors that function </li></ul><ul><li>together to join words, phrases, and clauses. </li></ul><ul><li>The items that follow each correlative </li></ul><ul><li>conjunction must be grammatically parallel to </li></ul><ul><li>one another. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Not only……..but…..…also (addition). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Not only……. but……..as well (addition) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Both………….. and (addition) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Neither……....nor (negative addition) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Either………..….or (selection) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Whether……... or (condition) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Sentence connectors </li></ul><ul><li>A sentence connector is a word that is used to </li></ul><ul><li>connect sentences . </li></ul><ul><li>(furthermore, nevertheless, also, however, similarly, </li></ul><ul><li>notwithstanding, therefore, thus, etc .) </li></ul><ul><li>It is not an integral part of the sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>It is separated from the sentence by a mark of </li></ul><ul><li>punctuation (usually ;) </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Sentence connectors </li></ul><ul><li>The connector can be placed: </li></ul><ul><li>-between the two independent clauses </li></ul><ul><li>He is my friend ; however , he speaks ill of me. </li></ul><ul><li>-in the second clause </li></ul><ul><li>He is my friend ; he, however , speaks ill of me. </li></ul><ul><li>-at the end of the compound sentence </li></ul><ul><li>He is my friend ; he speaks ill of me , however . </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Meanings portrayed in compound sentences </li></ul><ul><li>Addition (furthermore, additionally) </li></ul><ul><li>Reason, Result or consequence (nonetheless, on the other hand, instead, rather, on the contrary, in contrast) </li></ul><ul><li>Contrast (nonetheless, on the other hand, instead, rather, on the contrary, in contrast) </li></ul><ul><li>Time (first, second, afterwards, after that, later, then, next) </li></ul><ul><li>Similarity (similarly, likewise) </li></ul><ul><li>  Main Idea (on the whole, in general, generally, generally speaking) </li></ul><ul><li>Reformulation (or, that is, i.e. for example, in other words, in fact) </li></ul>

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