Phistpg nationalism and others


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Phistpg nationalism and others

  1. 1. PHISTPG Filipino Nationalism
  2. 3. British Invasion Factors that gave Rise to Nationalism 1 Sent a expedition from India to the Philippines Showcase the superior weaponry of the Europeans
  3. 4. British Invasion 1 Exposed the vulnerability of Spain Rule of Spain could be challenged by force of arms
  4. 5. Silang & Palaris Factors that gave Rise to Nationalism 2 Diego Silang led an Ilocano rose in revolt Juan dela Cruz Palaris lead a widespread revolt in Pangasinan
  5. 6. Silang & Palaris 2 Demonstrated the capability of the region to unite & expel the Spaniards from their territories
  6. 7. Slow Economic Development <ul><li>Incompetence of Spanish Officials </li></ul><ul><li>Graft & Greed in the Galleon Trade </li></ul><ul><li>Restrictive economic policies </li></ul><ul><li>Constant quarrels between the civil & ecclesiastical authorities assigned in the colony </li></ul>
  7. 8. Govenor Jose Basco y Vargas surveyed the economic condition of the country and found out the ff: <ul><ul><li>galleon trade is unproductive for the government but beneficial to only few officials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Officials neglected to developed the rich agricultural potential of the provinces & other industries in the colony </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. Govenor Basco founded the Economic Society of Friends of the country in 1781 and establish the Royal company in 1785. In 1782 he establish Monopolies for tobacco & wine
  9. 10. Basi Revolts Factors that gave Rise to Nationalism 3 1807, 10,000 rebels in Ilocos revolted against the monopoly of locally produced wine from sugarcane called Basi
  10. 11. Basi Revolts 3 the bloodiest uprising ever recorded during this time
  11. 12. Laissez-faire or the let alone policy Gave full freedom to private individuals and firms to engage in economic activities with out much interference from the government
  12. 13. <ul><ul><li>1834 Manila was opened to foreign traders; years after other ports was also opened for the same purpose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase the value of export </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manufacturing & agriculture developed to answer the demands for different products from the different provinces </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><ul><li>Nicholas Loney (British consul in Iloilo) introduced the 1st modern machinery that converted sugar cane into refined sugar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Led to the unprecedented prosperity of the province engaged in sugar production and rise into middle class </li></ul></ul>
  14. 15. Rise of Middle Class Factors that gave Rise to Nationalism 4 A group of people below the aristocratic Spanish officials, families & religious orders but higher or above the masses.
  15. 16. Rise of Middle Class 4 able to send their children to University of Manila & even Europe Change of lifestyle Asked for reform for the country
  16. 17. Opening of Suez Canal Factors that gave Rise to Nationalism 5 Shorter route and travel time between Spain and Philippines
  17. 18. Opening of Suez Canal 5 Spaniard with progress ideas (Varela & Novales) Arrival of progress books & periodicals to the country It encourage educated Filipinos to go to Europe & continue their study Modern technology
  18. 19. Liberalism in the Philippines Factors that gave Rise to Nationalism 6 Governor-General Carlos de la Torre introduced reforms in our country
  19. 20. Opening of Suez Canal 5 Abolished whipping as punishment Solved the agrarian unrest in Cavite Abolished censorship of press
  20. 21. Campaign for Secularization Factors that gave Rise to Nationalism 7 Regular priest were those who belonged to the religion orders and those were not members of any orders are called Secular priest
  21. 22. Campaign for Secularization 7 Decree was passed denying the right of the Seculars Secular ask the right to administer positions in parish
  22. 23. Execution of GomBurZa Factors that gave Rise to Nationalism 8 Sentenced to death by Garote for an alleged participation in the Cavite Rebellion(Mutiny)
  23. 24. Cavite Mutiny June 20, 1872 during the height of the secularization, the Cavite Mutiny occurred. The mutineers were workers & some marine detachment
  24. 25. <ul><ul><li>Cause by the revocation of the priviledge of shipyard workers to be exempted from force labor & paying tributes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Led by La Madrid </li></ul></ul>
  25. 26. <ul><ul><li>Government believe it to be a rebellion and arrest Fr. Gomez, Burgos, Zamora and other for an alleged participation of the said rebellion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sentenced to banished to Guam while GomBurZa were sentenced to death </li></ul></ul>
  26. 27. Execution of GomBurZa 8 Filipino witness the execution began to think and feel as Filipino not as Ilocanos, Tagalogs and others. That Spaniard treat them as an inferior race. That as Filipinos the necessity for unity.
  27. 29. <ul><li>Philippines as province of Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Equal right of the Spaniards & the Filipinos </li></ul><ul><li>Representative in Spanish Cortez </li></ul><ul><li>Secularization & Pilipinasyon </li></ul><ul><li>Human Rights </li></ul>Aim of the Propaganda Movement
  28. 31. Jose Rizal: Great Thinker “ Noli Me Tangere” & “El Filibusterismo Marcelo H. Del Pilar: Great Political Analyst & Journalist “ Caiigat Cayo”. “Dasalan at Toksohon” and “10 Kautusan ng mga Prayle”, Graciano Lopez Jaena: Great Orator “ Fray Botod”, “Esperanza” & “La Hija del Fraile”
  29. 32. The newspaper of the Propaganda Movement Features the conditions of the Philippines
  30. 33. The newspaper of the Propaganda Movement 1st edition: February 15 1889 Last edition: November 15 1895
  31. 34. <ul><li>Members outside the country </li></ul><ul><li>Filipinos mostly in Spain had enjoy the freedom of the said country </li></ul><ul><li>but still used a different name (penname)to protect their family in the Philippines </li></ul>Members of the Propaganda movement
  32. 35. <ul><li>Members inside the country </li></ul><ul><li>Secretly supporting the propaganda movement in Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Give financial assistant in the publication of La Solidaridad as well as information regarding the country </li></ul><ul><li>responsible for the distribution of La Solidaridad </li></ul>Members of the Propaganda movement
  33. 36. <ul><li>Penname </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jose Rizal: Dimasalang at Laon-Laan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marcelo H. del Pilar: Plaridel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mariano Ponce: Naning, Tikbalang at Kalipulako </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jose Ma. Panganiban : Jomapa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Antonio Luna : Taga-ilog </li></ul></ul>Members of the Propaganda movement
  34. 37. Circulo Hispanao - Filipino
  35. 38. Assosascion Hispano-Filipino
  36. 39. La Liga Filipina A Civic Society proposed by Dr. Jose Rizal in his return to the Philippines. Joined by other patriotic Filipino like: Ambrosio Salvador (President), Agustin dela Rosa(fiscal), Bonifacio Arevalo (treasurer), Deodato Arellano (secretary) & members like Andres Bonifacio
  37. 40. Aims La Liga Filipina To unite the whole archipelago into one strong body 1
  38. 41. Aims La Liga Filipina To give mutual protection for all members in case of necessity 2
  39. 42. Aims La Liga Filipina To encourage agriculture, commerce and education 3
  40. 43. Aims La Liga Filipina To defend the members against any kind of violence & injustice 4
  41. 44. Aims La Liga Filipina To study and apply reforms 5
  42. 45. Aims La Liga Filipina The society was to be governed by a supreme council, a provincial council and popular council The members of the society were to pay a monthly due of ten centavos
  43. 46. Use of money To support the son of the member of the society 1
  44. 47. Use of money To support the poor against the rich and the powerfully 2
  45. 48. Use of money To give financial help to any member who suffered losses 3
  46. 49. Use of money To open stores &shops which with sell goods to members at a low price 4
  47. 50. Use of money To introduce machines in order to promote industries 5
  48. 51. After 3 day (July 6) Rizal was arrested. La Liga Filipina First meeting in July 3, 1892, The government saw as an organization capable of uniting the Filipinos for self-reliance and defence. They view the civic organization to be dangerous.
  49. 52. Why the reform movement failed Spain is too busy on their own problems Financial difficulties Reformist are not united
  50. 53. The failure of the Propaganda movement led others to believe the ineffectiveness of continuing a peaceful movement Andres Bonifacio had a different idea he would teach the people to defend themselves. He establish a society that would not anymore clamour for reforms but one that was ready for revolution
  51. 54. Andres Bonifacio together with Teodora Plata, Valentin Diaz, Deodato Arellano all of them belonging to lower class of society gathered and organized a society called: Ang Kataastaasang Kagalanggalangang Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan
  52. 57. They performed the ancient Filipino custom of sealing friendship and that SANDUGUAN
  53. 58. Triangle system: Jose will recruit Pedro & Juan The new members knew Jose but did not knew each others Recruitment of members
  54. 59. New system was use: To speed up the process of enlisting members Recruitment of members All members also agree to pay a membership & monthly dues
  55. 60. Principle of self-help and the defence of the weak and poor civic Aims of the Katipunan
  56. 61. Separation of the Philippines from Spain Political Aims of the Katipunan
  57. 62. Teaching of good manners hygiene and good moral character Moral Aims of the Katipunan
  58. 63. 1st grade or lowest pass word: “Anak ng Bayan” 2nd grade Password: “GomBurZa” 3rd grade Password: “Rizal” Membership Kawal Katipon Bayani
  59. 64. Supremo of Katipunan <ul><li>Deodato Arellano </li></ul><ul><li>Roman Basa </li></ul><ul><li>Andres Bonifaciop </li></ul>
  60. 65. Ten commandments of Katipunan Andres Bonifacio Leading thinker of the Revolution of 1896 Katungkulan Gagawin ng mga Anak ng Bayan Duties of the Sons of People
  61. 66. Love God with all your heart 1 Duties of the Sons of People
  62. 67. Bear always in mind that love of God is also love of country & this too, is love of one’s fellowmen Duties of the Sons of People 2
  63. 68. Engrave in your heart that the true measure of honor & happiness is to die for the freedom of your country Duties of the Sons of People 3
  64. 69. All your good wishes will be crowned with success if you have serenity, constancy, reason & faith in your acts & endeavour Duties of the Sons of People 4
  65. 70. Guard the mandates & aims of the K.K.K as you guard your honor Duties of the Sons of People 5 It is the duty of all to defend at the risk of their own lives & wealth, anyone who runs great risk in the performance of his duty 6
  66. 71. Our responsibility to ourselves & the performance of our duties will be the examples set for our fellowmen to follow Duties of the Sons of People 7 In so far as it is within your power share your means with the Poor & the unfortunate 8
  67. 72. Diligence in the work that gives sustenance to you is the true basis of love- love for your own self, for your wife & children, for your brothers & countrymen Duties of the Sons of People 9 Punish any scoundrel & traitor & praise all your good works. Believe, likewise, that the aims for the K.K.K are God-given, for the will of the people is also the will of God. 10
  68. 73. Consisted of 13 teaching that members are expected to take this teaching by heart Ang Kartilya ng Katipunan
  69. 74. Ang Kartilya ng Katipunan
  70. 75. Kamara Negra Emilio Jacinto Andres Bonifacio Dr. Pio Valenzuela
  71. 76. Official newspaper of the Katipunan Kalayaan <ul><li>Penname </li></ul><ul><li>Andres Bonifacio- Agapito Bagumbayan </li></ul><ul><li>Emilio Jacinto – Dimas Ilaw </li></ul><ul><li>Pio Valenzuela – Madlang Away </li></ul>
  72. 78. The Revolution
  73. 79. Spanish authorities were already suspecting a brewing unrest related to an underground society whose purpose was to end Spanish rule Conditions before the revolution
  74. 80. Friars informed the governor-general about their suspicions but the governor- general did not believe them. Conditions before the revolution
  75. 81. Secret gathering in Batangas where rifles & other weaponry were being smuggled occasionally along the coast of the province. Conditions before the revolution
  76. 82. The Governor-General in order to pacify the friars, ordered the banishment of some prominent citizens of Batngas & Bulacan. Conditions before the revolution
  77. 83. Money was difficult to get, very few Filipinos are employed There was no starvation but the life of Filipino was far from prosperous Conditions before the revolution
  78. 84. They suffered from heavy taxation, from abusive friars & civil authorities and lack of economic opportunities Conditions before the revolution
  79. 85. The government was spending millions of pesos for the army & navy, the amount should have spent for public improvement is small Very little was spent for improvements in public works which would benefit the people Conditions before the revolution
  80. 86. Of all the causes of people dissatisfaction were the abuses of the Spaniard - friars & civil authorities. Natives experienced physical maltreatment in public places and unjustly ordered to be executed or banished to faraway places like Guam, Jolo and Palawan. Conditions before the revolution
  81. 87. Teodoro Patiño Sister Madre Portera Padre Mariano Gil Discovery of Katipunan
  82. 88. Gob. Hen. Ramon Blanco August 30 Martial Law in the 8 province which rose an arm against the Spaniards
  83. 89. Rizal Bulacan Cavite Laguna Tarlac Pampanga Batangas Nueva Ecija
  84. 90. Those who would surrender within 48 hours after the publication of decree would not be subjected to military court Blanco’s Policy of Attraction
  85. 91. Intended to win over the Filipinos to the side of the government and thus end the rebellion Dr. Pio Valenzuela and his companions took advantage of this provision and surrender to the government Blanco’s Policy of Attraction
  86. 92. When Katipunan was discovered on Aug. 19 Bonifacio was in Caloocan he decided to move to Balintawak. He ordered to inform the Katipuneros that there would be meeting in Balintawak in Aug. 24. Bonifacio reached Balintawak in the afternoon and arrived the following day at the next sitio called Pugad Lawin
  87. 93. Bonifacio asked his men whether they were prepared for freedom & independence. Everyone shouted they were prepared to die
  88. 94. Tearing of Cedula Personal in Pugad Lawin “ Bring out your cedulas & tear them to pieces to show that we are prepared to take up arms!” -Andres Bonifacio Long live the Philippines! Long live Katipunan -Katipuneros
  89. 95. Rizal’s Trial & Execution
  90. 96. Emilio Aguinaldo led the rebels against the Spaniard in Kawit . He won victory after victory and people admired his qualities as a military leader called him Heneral Miong
  91. 97. Led by Baldomero Aguinaldo counsin of Emilio Aguinaldon. (Kawit) Led by Mariano Alvarez. (Naic) 2 factions of Katipunan in Cavite Magdalo Magdiwang
  92. 98. The rivalry between the two factions the led to several defeats of the revolutions. Accompanied by his wife and Bonifacio brothers arrived in Cavite toward the end of Dec. 1896, he was asked to mediate between the factions. An assembly was held in Imus Dec. 31 1896 to determine whether Katipunan should be transformed into another body of government
  93. 99. Favored the retention of Katipunan Favored the change in the Katipunan structure Nothing was resulted form this meeting 2 factions of Katipunan in Cavite Magdalo Magdiwang
  94. 100. On March 22, 1897 a convention was held at the estate house in Tejeros (now General Trias) led by Jacinto Lumbreras a Magdiwang The 1st part did not went well, on 2 nd part Bonifacio with Artemio Ricarte presided the convention The Tejeros Convention
  95. 101. Present members agreed to form a new government, official will be elected by the those present in the convention The Tejeros Convention They agree to respect the outcome of the election.
  96. 102. <ul><li>President – Emilio Aguinaldo </li></ul><ul><li>Vice President – Mariano Trias </li></ul><ul><li>Captain General – Artemio Ricarte </li></ul><ul><li>Director of War – Emiliano Riego de Dios </li></ul><ul><li>Director of the Interior – Andres Bonifacio </li></ul>The Tejeros Convention The result of the election placed the following Katipuneros into office:
  97. 103. When Bonifacio was being proclaimed Daniel Tirona (Magdalo) stood up & said that Jose del Rosario an attorney from Cavite was more qualified for the position and should be elected The Tejeros Convention
  98. 104. Hurt by the protest, Bonifacio demanded Tirona took back what he said but the latter refused. Bonifacio took out his pistol & aimed at Tirona, Ricarte was able to quickly held his hands.
  99. 105. The angry Bonifacio being the incumbent Supremo of the Katipunan, declared the result of the election as null & void. Then he & his men hurriedly left the place The Tejeros Convention
  100. 106. The Tejeros Resolution
  101. 107. Naik Military Agreement
  102. 108. The Bonifacio brothers was sentenced to be shot to death Mayo 10, 1897. Execution of Bonifacio brothers
  103. 109. Biak na Bato in San Miguel, Bulacan Katipuneros in Biak na Bato Aguinaldo eastbalished a republic government at Biak-na-Bato called Biak-na-Bato Republic
  104. 110. Aguinaldo ordered the preparation for a constitution for the republic Felix Ferrer & Isabelo Artacho copied word for word the Cuban Constitution of Jimaguayun except for one article the Preamble declared the aim of the revolution for the separation of the Philippines from Spain
  105. 111. A Filipino of Chinese ancestry offered himself as mediator and approached Govenor Primo Rivera
  106. 112. Aguinaldo & his men would go to voluntary exile 1 Truce in Biak na Bato The Agreement provided the following:
  107. 113. Primo de Rivera would pay Aguinaldo the sum 800,000 in 3 instalment 2 Truce in Biak na Bato The Agreement provided the following:
  108. 114. <ul><li>400,000 upon his departure from the Philippines </li></ul><ul><li>200,000 when arms surrendered to the Spanish authorities </li></ul><ul><li>200,000 when general amnesty had been proclaimed </li></ul>
  109. 115. Primo de Rivera pay an additional 900,000 to families of non-combatant Filipino who suffered during the revolution 3 Truce in Biak na Bato The Agreement provided the following:
  110. 116. Replacement of Govenor General Primo de Rivera (Basilio Augustin) Spanish – American War Aguinaldo in Hongkong
  111. 117. Letter of Dupuy de Lome (official of Spain) To his friend in Havana that the American President (William Mc Kinley) is a weak leader Political Spanish – American War
  112. 118. The Cuban Revolution had won the sympathy Americans Society Spanish – American War
  113. 119. Americans had big investment in Cuba (sugar) Economic Spanish – American War
  114. 120. On Feb. 15, 1898 the American battleship USS Maine exploded at Havana Harbor in Cuba, Spain was blamed for the mishap USS Maine Havana Harbor in Cuba
  115. 121. On April 25, 1898 the Congress of the United State formally declared the war on Spain. However the investigation failed to connect the explosion to the Spaniards
  116. 122. Admiral George Dewey USS Olympia VS. Admiral Patricio Montojo Reina Cristina Battle of Manila Bay
  117. 123. Aguinaldo goes to Singapore
  118. 124. Interview with the Pratt
  119. 125. Hongkong Junta
  120. 126. Aguinaldo returns
  121. 127. The Siege of Manila
  122. 128. The Secret Agreement
  123. 129. The Mock Battle of Manila
  124. 130. The American Terms