The United Kingdom is an archipelago including England, Scotland,The United Kingdom is an archipelago including England, Scotland,
Northern Ireland, Wales and other teriitories around the worldNorthern Ireland, Wales and other teriitories around the world
The United KingdomThe United Kingdom
borders with theborders with the
Atlantic Ocean toAtlantic Ocean to
the North, with thethe North, with the
North Sea to theNorth Sea to the
East, with theEast, with the
English Channel toEnglish Channel to
the South and withthe South and with
the Irish Sea to thethe Irish Sea to the
The United Kingdom has aThe United Kingdom has a
territory largerly flat ,territory largerly flat ,
interrupted by hills abounding ininterrupted by hills abounding in
The highest peaks are theThe highest peaks are the
Cambrian Mountains, theCambrian Mountains, the
Pennines, the Grampians andPennines, the Grampians and
the Highlands mountains, inthe Highlands mountains, in
which there are a lot of castles.which there are a lot of castles.
The British coasts are very varied:toThe British coasts are very varied:to
the South linear,to the Norththe South linear,to the North
jagged,with the presence of thejagged,with the presence of the
The rivers are not very long.The rivers are not very long.
The most important is the Thames.The most important is the Thames.
The lakes are above all inThe lakes are above all in
Scotland, where are also calledScotland, where are also called
The climate of the United Kingdom is rainy. However, it is mild dueThe climate of the United Kingdom is rainy. However, it is mild due
by the Gulf Stream.by the Gulf Stream.
The landscape isThe landscape is
characterized bycharacterized by
glasslands andglasslands and
A typical British landscapeA typical British landscape
is the heath.is the heath.
Ancient domainsAncient domains
Angles, SaxonsAngles, Saxons
and Vikingsand Vikings
The Hundred Years’WarThe Hundred Years’War
and the Anglican schismand the Anglican schism
Between the XIV and XVBetween the XIV and XV
centuries, the Hundredcenturies, the Hundred
Years’War against the FranceYears’War against the France
removed the British from theremoved the British from the
continent. With Henry VIIIcontinent. With Henry VIII
started the absolute monarchy.started the absolute monarchy.
The ties with the continentThe ties with the continent
became more and more strainedbecame more and more strained
when Henry VIII divided thewhen Henry VIII divided the
Anglican Church by the CatholicAnglican Church by the Catholic
The Glorious Revolution and theThe Glorious Revolution and the
Industrial RevolutionIndustrial Revolution
In the XVI century there wasIn the XVI century there was
the Glorious Revolution, thatthe Glorious Revolution, that
marked the end of the absolutemarked the end of the absolute
• With the Industrial
Revolution, the Country
became the most powerful
of the time.
The UK and the World WarsThe UK and the World Wars
In the XIX century, theIn the XIX century, the
economic supremacy turnedeconomic supremacy turned
into political dominance:in fact,into political dominance:in fact,
the UK extended its empire inthe UK extended its empire in
Canada, India, South Africa,Canada, India, South Africa,
Australia and New Zealand.Australia and New Zealand.
During the First World War, theDuring the First World War, the
UK was part of the union withUK was part of the union with
France and Russia. At the end,France and Russia. At the end,
the British won the war againstthe British won the war against
Germany, Austria and theGermany, Austria and the
Ottoman Turkish empire.Ottoman Turkish empire.
In the Second World War, theIn the Second World War, the
UK won the war againstUK won the war against
Germany and Japan.Germany and Japan.
From the Cold War to todayFrom the Cold War to today
During the Cold War, the UK wasDuring the Cold War, the UK was
influenced by the USA.influenced by the USA.
In the 1973, the UK entered in theIn the 1973, the UK entered in the
European Union.European Union.
Today the UK is a constitutionalToday the UK is a constitutional
monarchy where the power liesmonarchy where the power lies
with the Prime minister and thewith the Prime minister and the
governement. The parliamentgovernement. The parliament
consistsof two chambers, theconsistsof two chambers, the
Lord’s chamber and the common’sLord’s chamber and the common’s
chamber. The sovereign,chamber. The sovereign,
Elizabeth I, is the leader of stateElizabeth I, is the leader of state
and the Anglican Church.and the Anglican Church.
The populationThe population
The British population isThe British population is
concentrated in Londonconcentrated in London
and in the industrialand in the industrial
cities, like Birmingham,cities, like Birmingham,
Leeds, Manchester,Leeds, Manchester,
Sheffield, Glasgow andSheffield, Glasgow and
The population isThe population is
diverse: in fact cities arediverse: in fact cities are
also abited by peoplealso abited by people
coming from formercoming from former
The official language isThe official language is
In the UK burned some of the most famousIn the UK burned some of the most famous
sports of the world:sports of the world:
- The modern vision of the footballThe modern vision of the football
The pop and rock music of the UK has always been one of the most famous ofThe pop and rock music of the UK has always been one of the most famous of
the world,since Sixties. Examples are:the world,since Sixties. Examples are:
Pink FloydPink Floyd
Elton JohnElton John
Depeche ModeDepeche Mode
Simple MindsSimple Minds
The UK is also famous forThe UK is also famous for
some tissues,like thesome tissues,like the
tweed, but also for thetweed, but also for the
Scottish kilt and theScottish kilt and the
Lord’s bowler.Lord’s bowler.
The british kitchen is notThe british kitchen is not
one of the most deliciousone of the most delicious
of the world. However,of the world. However,
Britishes are famous forBritishes are famous for
the breakfast with eggsthe breakfast with eggs
and bacon, and for the riteand bacon, and for the rite
of the afternoon tea.of the afternoon tea.
In the UK burned a lot of writers, like Shakespeare, Swift, Scott,In the UK burned a lot of writers, like Shakespeare, Swift, Scott,
Stevenson, Doyle, Rowling; Dickens and many others.Stevenson, Doyle, Rowling; Dickens and many others.
The english cars are famous in the world for their elegance and forThe english cars are famous in the world for their elegance and for
the unmistakable design. The main brands are: Mini, Bentley,the unmistakable design. The main brands are: Mini, Bentley,
Jaguar, Land Rover, Rover, Aston Martin, Rolls Royce, Reliant andJaguar, Land Rover, Rover, Aston Martin, Rolls Royce, Reliant and
Primary SectorPrimary Sector
Agricoltur:Agricoltur: not widelynot widely
practiced because of thepracticed because of the
scarcity of fertile lands;scarcity of fertile lands;
Breeding:Breeding: expeciallyexpecially ofof
sheeps and cattles;sheeps and cattles;
Fishing:Fishing: thanks to seathanks to sea
rich of fishes.rich of fishes.
Secondary sectorSecondary sector
Main resource isMain resource is
petrol oil, extracted inpetrol oil, extracted in
the North Sea.the North Sea.
The British industryThe British industry
is at the forefront.is at the forefront.
Main sectors areMain sectors are
textiles, automotivetextiles, automotive
and steel industry.and steel industry.
Third sectorThird sector
The UK is one ofThe UK is one of
the principalthe principal
economic centreseconomic centres
in the world.in the world.
This sector is alsoThis sector is also
helped byhelped by
tourism, really atourism, really a
precious resource.precious resource.