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Urban transport problems

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Urban transportation problem
Factors
Engineering field
Ways to prevent these problems

Published in: Engineering
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Urban transport problems

  1. 1. Urban Transport Problems Prepared by: Dennnis Jhave C. Edaño
  2. 2. Cities are locations having a high level of accumulation and concentration of economic activities and are complex spatial structures that are supported by transport systems. The larger the city, the greater its complexity and the potential for disruptions, particularly when this complexity is not effectively managed.
  3. 3. Among the most notable urban transport problems are:  Traffic congestion and parking difficulties Longer commuting. Public transport inadequacy Difficulties for non-motorized transport. Loss of Public Space. High maintenance costs.
  4. 4. Among the most notable urban transport problems are:  Environmental Impacts and Energy Consumption Accidents and safety. Land Consumption Freight distribution Automobile Dependency
  5. 5.  Traffic congestion and parking difficulties One of the most prevalent transport problems in large urban agglomerations, usually above a threshold of about 1 million inhabitants. It is particularly linked with motorization and the diffusion of the automobile, which has increased the demand for transport infrastructures.
  6. 6. Longer Commuting On par with congestion people are spending an increasing amount of time commuting between their residence and workplace. An important factor behind this trend is related to residential affordability as housing located further away from central areas (where most of the employment remains) is more affordable.
  7. 7. Public Transport Inadequacy Many public transit systems, or parts of them, are either over or under used. During peak hours, crowdedness creates discomfort for users as the system copes with a temporary surge in demand.
  8. 8. Difficulties for non-motorized transport These difficulties are either the outcome of intense traffic, where the mobility of pedestrians, bicycles and vehicles is impaired, but also because of a blatant lack of consideration for pedestrians and bicycles in the physical design of infrastructures and facilities.
  9. 9.  Loss of public space The majority of roads are publicly owned and free of access. Traffic flows influence the life and interactions of residents and their usage of street space. More traffic impedes social interactions and street activities. People tend to walk and cycle less when traffic is high.
  10. 10. High maintenance costs Cities with an aging of their transport infrastructure are facing growing maintenance costs as well as pressures to upgrade to more modern infrastructure. In addition to the involved costs, maintenance and repair activities create circulation disruptions. Delayed maintenance is rather common since it conveys the benefit of keeping current costs low, but at the expense of higher future costs and on some occasion the risk of infrastructure failure. The more extensive the road and highway network, the higher the maintenance cost and the financial burden.
  11. 11. Environmental impacts and energy consumption Pollution, including noise, generated by circulation has become a serious impediment to the quality of life and even the health of urban populations. Energy consumption by urban transportation has dramatically increased and so the dependency on petroleum. Yet, peak oil considerations are increasingly linked with peak mobility expectations where high energy prices incite a shift towards more efficient and sustainable forms of urban transportation, namely public transit.
  12. 12. Accidents and safety Growing traffic in urban areas is linked with a growing number of accidents and fatalities, especially in developing countries. Accidents account for a significant share of recurring delays. As traffic increases, people feel less safe to use the streets.
  13. 13. Land consumption The territorial imprint of transportation is significant, particularly for the automobile. Between 30 and 60% of a metropolitan area may be devoted to transportation, an outcome of the over-reliance on some forms of urban transportation. Yet, this land consumption also underlines the strategic importance of transportation in the economic and social welfare of cities.
  14. 14. Freight distribution. Globalization and the materialization of the economy have resulted in growing quantities of freight (Cargo or goods) moving within cities. As freight traffic commonly shares infrastructures with the circulation of passengers, the mobility of freight in urban areas has become increasingly problematic.
  15. 15. Automobile Dependency Rising automobile mobility can be perceived as a positive consequence of economic development. The acute growth in the total number of vehicles also gives rise to congestion at peak traffic hours on major thoroughfares, in business districts and often throughout the metropolitan area. end
  16. 16. Reference: Copyright © 1998-2014, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Global Studies & Geography , Hofstra University, New York, USA. Retrieved from: https://people.hofstra.edu/geotrans/eng/ch6en/conc6en/ch6c4en. html.November 21, 2014.

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