Suomen Latu & Nepal project presentation

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Suomen Latu & Nepal project presentation

  1. 1. Kathmandu Valley Cultural Trail Better Environment for Better Tourism Panu Könönen Suomen Latu 16.9.2010
  2. 2. Today’s Agenda 1. Suomen Latu in Brief 2. Project: KTM Valley Cultural Trail 3. Development 4. Lessons learned 5. Discussion 30.1.2015
  3. 3. Suomen Latu in Brief 30.1.2015
  4. 4. 30.1.2015 Suomen Latu, in which Latu (Latu is track in English) stands for promotion of cross country skiing activities and paving the way for all national sports without the aspect of competition.
  5. 5. 72-year old NGO • Central Association for Recreational Sports and Outdoor Activities in Finland • Suomen Latu is an umbrella organization of outdoor activities, hiking and health beneficial exercise • Suomen Latu was founded in 1948 30.1.2015
  6. 6. We promote • Preserving everyman’s right • Promoting outdoor and health-promoting exercise • Making outdoor activities and exercise more accessible • Maintaining the quantity and quality of hiking routes and walkways 30.1.2015
  7. 7. 30.1.2015 X-country skiing
  8. 8. 30.1.2015 Water sports
  9. 9. 30.1.2015 Geocaching
  10. 10. 30.1.2015 Nordic Walking
  11. 11. We are... • Over 77 000 members and 224 member associations all over Finland • Staff of around 50 • Office is located in Helsinki • Resort in Lapland, Suomen Latu Kiilopää, www.kiilopaa.fi • Outdoor Center in Espoo, Suomen Latu Oittaa 30.1.2015
  12. 12. 30.1.2015
  13. 13. 30.1.2015
  14. 14. Outdoor Center • One of the best recreational centers in Southern Finland • Different outdoor activities, swimming, skiing, Skike etc. • Trekking equipment rentals • Restaurant • Manor house for meetings, wedding parties etc 30.1.2015
  15. 15. 30.1.2015
  16. 16. Resort and Fell Centre • Fell Centre Kiilopää is located in the southern part of the Municipality of Inari, at the foot of the Kiilopää and Ahopää hills and right by the Urho Kekkonen National Park. 30.1.2015
  17. 17. Lapland Calling • Kiilopää was founded in 1964 • Over 200 beds • 2 Restaurants • Guide services • www.kiilopaa.fi 30.1.2015
  18. 18. Global activities • Suomen Latu works locally, nationally, and, since 1997, globally • Suomen Latu carried out a development co- operation project in Kilimanjaro National Park, Tanzania 1997-2001 • During the project in Kilimanjaro National Park a trekking trail with facilities was constructed to the peak of the Mount Kilimanjaro 30.1.2015
  19. 19. Suomen Latu in Nepal • Since 2006 Suomen Latu has worked with Nepalese NGO, NETIF, Nepal Environment & Tourism Initiative Foundation (NETIF) • NETIF’s mission statement “Environmental tourism for better economy” • www.netif-nepal.org 30.1.2015
  20. 20. Project: KTM Valley Cultural Trail 30.1.2015
  21. 21. Facts about Nepal • Population: 28,5 million • GDP US $ 1200 per capita • Population below poverty line: 24,7 % • Agriculture is the mainstay of the economy (livelihood for three-fourths of the population) • Unemployment rate: 46 % (2008) 30.1.2015
  22. 22. Tourism in Nepal • Modern tourism started in 1951 • Tourism is one of the most important branches of business in Nepal: • The highest Forex earning industry, employing around 500.000 • BUT: • Contributes only 3 % of GDP, revenue US $ 162,8 million 30.1.2015
  23. 23. Tourism in Nepal, 2 • STILL: • “tourism appears to be one of the few economic sectors able to guide a number of developing countries to higher levels of prosperity and for some to leave behind their least-developed country status”. TIES • Nepalese government is placing high priority on the tourism sector in its new economic development policy, e.g. Nepal Tourism Year 2011 30.1.2015
  24. 24. 30.1.2015
  25. 25. Tourist Arrivals 30.1.2015 0 100000 200000 300000 400000 500000 600000 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Tourist Arrivals Tourist Arrivals
  26. 26. 30.1.2015 Environmental conservation is a crucial part of tourism development. Many tourism products in Nepal depend upon natural and cultural resources. Nepal’s Experience Implementing Sustainable Tourism Development Models (2007)
  27. 27. 30.1.2015 Wanna see the Everest?
  28. 28. 30.1.2015 Attractive?
  29. 29. 30.1.2015 Holy river...
  30. 30. Environmental Issues • The key environmental issues: air quality, settlement pattern, drinking water, waste management and natural disaster • Only 75 % of the solid waste generated in municipalities of Kathmandu valley is collected • Urban waste management is unsatisfactory • Even rural areas face solid waste problem Kathmandu Valley Environment Outlook (2007) 30.1.2015
  31. 31. 30.1.2015 Problem1 Lack of environmental consideration in tourism sector and communities Lack of community involvment in tourism Less people benefitting from tourism Problem Analysis
  32. 32. 30.1.2015 Problem1 Lack of environmental consideration in tourism sector and communities Problem2 Lack of community involvement in tourism Problem Analysis
  33. 33. 30.1.2015 Problem1 Lack of environmental consideration in tourism sector and communities Problem2 Lack of community involvement in tourism Problem3 Less people benefitting from tourism Problem Analysis
  34. 34. 30.1.2015 Since Nepal started planned development in 1955 tourism has always been its integral part. From just 6179 tourists in 1962… today the industry hosts nearly 400,000. Nepalese Tourism: The Challenges (2007), Raman Grandon
  35. 35. 30.1.2015 Objective1 More environmental consideration in tourism sector and communities Objective2 More community involvement in tourism Objective3 More people benefitting from tourism OverallObjective Better environment for better tourism Objectives
  36. 36. Tourism & Environment Development Project • More people in rural and semi-rural communities of KTM Valley can benefit from tourism by... • developing community-based tourism through trekking trail development • trainings in product development • promotional activities • establishing linkages between private sector and communities 30.1.2015
  37. 37. 30.1.2015 Ecotourism?
  38. 38. 30.1.2015 Responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment and improves the well-being of local people. The International Ecotourism Society, 1990
  39. 39. Sustanaible Tourism • Low impact on the environment and local culture • Generates future employment for local people • Protection of environment, local culture, waste minimization • Responsible tourists support sustainable tourism (businesses) 30.1.2015
  40. 40. Community-based Tourism • Full participation of a local community in the planning and management of tourism enterprise • Full local ownership of tourism enterprise • Tourism product is based on local cultural, social or environmental assets • E.g. Home-stay program 30.1.2015
  41. 41. The Project Area 1. Sundarijal 2. Chisapani 3. Nagarkot 4. Dhulikhel 5. Panauti 30.1.2015
  42. 42. 30.1.2015 Sundarijal KTM Valley Cultural Trail
  43. 43. 30.1.2015
  44. 44. From Water Shed to National Park • The starting point in Sundarijal is in 1460 meters • The highest spot on the trail, Borlang Bhangjang (2420 m) • Water shed for KTM 30.1.2015
  45. 45. Shivapuri National Park • One of the nine national parks in Nepal • Founded in 2002 to protect valley’s water resources • Home for 177 species of birds, orchids, and even leopards and bears 30.1.2015
  46. 46. Home of Tamang Tribe • National Park accommodates several villages • Mulkharkha is a traditional Tamang village 30.1.2015
  47. 47. 30.1.2015 Chisapani KTM Valley Cultural Trail
  48. 48. 30.1.2015
  49. 49. Himalayan Views • The first trekking day ends in Chisapani after 16-kilometer walk • On the left hand side you’ll see the Annapurna massive, on the right hand side dozens of other Himalayan peaks 30.1.2015
  50. 50. 30.1.2015
  51. 51. 30.1.2015 Nagarkot KTM Valley Cultural Trail
  52. 52. Famous Hill Stations • Nagarkot is a touristy hill station in 2175 m • The most popular place for mountain watching • The best season: from October to March 30.1.2015
  53. 53. 30.1.2015 Dhulikhel KTM Valley Cultural Trail
  54. 54. A Real Newari Town • Dhulikhel, an authentic Newari town and the next best place for mountain watching • Suomen Latu’s partner Organization NETIF is Dhulikhel based 30.1.2015
  55. 55. 30.1.2015
  56. 56. Pilgrimage • Namobuddha and Panauti offer opportunities for pilgrimage for both Hindus and Buddhists 30.1.2015
  57. 57. 30.1.2015 Namobuddha KTM Valley Cultural Trail
  58. 58. Eaten by a Tiger • Namobuddha, a popular destination for Tibetan pilgrims • According to the legend, Buddha saw a starving tiger family there and in his compassion offered himself for them to be consumed • A stupa, a Buddhist sanctuary, was built to mark the legend 30.1.2015
  59. 59. 30.1.2015 Panauti KTM Valley Cultural Trail
  60. 60. Temples of Panauti • One of the oldest temples in Nepal: Indreshwar Mahadev from the end of the 13th century 30.1.2015
  61. 61. 30.1.2015 So, what have you done?
  62. 62. Development 30.1.2015
  63. 63. Some Figures First • 3-year project (2008-2010) • Total budget around 250 000 € • 9 full-time workers, ~100 part-time workers • Partly supported by official development aid from the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland 30.1.2015
  64. 64. 8 Shelters for Trekkers 30.1.2015
  65. 65. 150 Signs and Signboards 30.1.2015
  66. 66. 10 Incinerators, 210 Waste Rings 30.1.2015
  67. 67. Trail Upgrading 30.1.2015
  68. 68. 2 Community Centers Constructed 30.1.2015
  69. 69. Other Small Scale Infrastucture 30.1.2015
  70. 70. Capacity Building • 25 women trained in Corn Husk Doll production • 27 women trained in Doll Making from waste clothes 30.1.2015
  71. 71. Capacity Building 2 • 28 villagers trained in mushroom production • 36 villagers trained in Basic vegetable production and marketing 30.1.2015
  72. 72. Capacity Building 3 • 38 people trained in Small Hotel and Lodge management • 28 people from Dalit communities trained in Cultural Program Performance 30.1.2015
  73. 73. Guide training • Local guide training in Dhulikhel • 31 guides were trained • Dhulikhel Guide Association was formed • Associaton offers services for hotels and independent travellers 30.1.2015
  74. 74. Networking, Promoting • Workshops • FAM-trips • Website: • www.netif-nepal.org • Booklets • Maps 30.1.2015
  75. 75. Increased Environmental Awareness and Waste Minimization
  76. 76. Infrastructure Development = Job Opportunities
  77. 77. New Skills = Micro Enterprise Development
  78. 78. 30.1.2015
  79. 79. 30.1.2015 www.kaukoretket.fi
  80. 80. Lessons Learned 30.1.2015
  81. 81. 30.1.2015 Do you know her?
  82. 82. Know Your ”Clients” • Identify their real needs • Listen to them, they are the experts • Plan the project activities together • Try to lower the hierarchy • Interaction is needed at every stage • Human to human, be yourself, be real 30.1.2015
  83. 83. Community Participation • Remember the project cycle! • Sustainability: Who has the ownership of the project? • Does the project mobilize locals or local institutions? • Capacity building of local communities 30.1.2015
  84. 84. Thank You for Your Attention! www.suomenlatu.fi/nepal www.netif-nepal.org

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