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BASIC RULES OFTENSES

   Made By: Samyak Jain
Abbreviations used in the presentation
•   S - Subject
•   O - Object
•   V1 - First form of the verb
•   V2 - Second form of the verb
•   V3 - Third form of the verb
Simple Present
1.If Subject is Singular:
  S + V1 + s/es + O
  E.g.: Alec sells toffees.
2.If Subject is Plural:
 S + V1 + O
 E.g.: Children perform on the stage.
Present Continuous
1. If Subject is singular:
    S + is/am + V1 + ing + O
    E.g.: He is flying the kite.
2. If Subject is plural:
   S + are+ V1 + ing + O
   E.g.: They are flying kites.
‘am’ is used with ‘I’. ‘is’ is used with ‘he/she’.
    ‘are’ is used with ‘we/they/you’.
Present Perfect
1.If Subject is Singular:
  S + has + V3 + O
  E.g.: He has finished his work.
2.If Subject is Plural:
 S + have + V3 + O
 E.g.: They have finished their work.
Present Perfect Continuos
1.If Subject is Singular:
  S + has + been + V1 + ing + since/for + O
  E.g.: He has been dancing for four hours.
2.If Subject is Plural:
 S + have + V1 + ing + since/for + O
 E.g.: We have been doing the work since
  7:00a.m.
Simple Past
Whether the Subject is singular or plural, rule
 remains the same:
S + V2 + O
John bought two toffees.
Past Continuos
1. If Subject is singular:
    S + was + V1 + ing + O
    E.g.: He was eating Pasta.
2. If Subject is plural:
   S + were + V1 + ing + O
   E.g.: They were flying kites.
Past Perfect
Whether the Subject is singular or plural, rule
remains the same:
S + had + V3 + O
E.g.: He had killed the snake.
Past Perfect Continuous
Whether the Subject is singular or plural, rule
 remains the same:
 S + had + been + V1 + ing + since/for + O
E.g.:They had been talking for over an hour.
Simple Fututre
Whether the Subject is singular or plural, rule
remains the same:
S + will/shall + V1 + O
E.g.: She will go there in the evening.
Future Continuous
Whether the Subject is singular or plural, rule
remains the same:
S + will/shall + be + V1 + + ing + O
E.g.: They will be running tomorrow.
Future Perfect
Whether the Subject is singular or plural, rule
remains the same:
S + will/shall + have + V3 + O
E.g.: Tom will have finished the work.
Future Perfect Continuous
Whether the Subject is singular or plural, rule
remains the same:
S + will/shall + have + been + V1 + ing + O
E.g.: Jane will have been dancing on the stage
tomorrow.
Made by : Samyak Jain

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Basic Rules of Tenses

  • 1. BASIC RULES OFTENSES Made By: Samyak Jain
  • 2. Abbreviations used in the presentation • S - Subject • O - Object • V1 - First form of the verb • V2 - Second form of the verb • V3 - Third form of the verb
  • 3. Simple Present 1.If Subject is Singular: S + V1 + s/es + O E.g.: Alec sells toffees. 2.If Subject is Plural: S + V1 + O E.g.: Children perform on the stage.
  • 4. Present Continuous 1. If Subject is singular: S + is/am + V1 + ing + O E.g.: He is flying the kite. 2. If Subject is plural: S + are+ V1 + ing + O E.g.: They are flying kites. ‘am’ is used with ‘I’. ‘is’ is used with ‘he/she’. ‘are’ is used with ‘we/they/you’.
  • 5. Present Perfect 1.If Subject is Singular: S + has + V3 + O E.g.: He has finished his work. 2.If Subject is Plural: S + have + V3 + O E.g.: They have finished their work.
  • 6. Present Perfect Continuos 1.If Subject is Singular: S + has + been + V1 + ing + since/for + O E.g.: He has been dancing for four hours. 2.If Subject is Plural: S + have + V1 + ing + since/for + O E.g.: We have been doing the work since 7:00a.m.
  • 7. Simple Past Whether the Subject is singular or plural, rule remains the same: S + V2 + O John bought two toffees.
  • 8. Past Continuos 1. If Subject is singular: S + was + V1 + ing + O E.g.: He was eating Pasta. 2. If Subject is plural: S + were + V1 + ing + O E.g.: They were flying kites.
  • 9. Past Perfect Whether the Subject is singular or plural, rule remains the same: S + had + V3 + O E.g.: He had killed the snake.
  • 10. Past Perfect Continuous Whether the Subject is singular or plural, rule remains the same: S + had + been + V1 + ing + since/for + O E.g.:They had been talking for over an hour.
  • 11. Simple Fututre Whether the Subject is singular or plural, rule remains the same: S + will/shall + V1 + O E.g.: She will go there in the evening.
  • 12. Future Continuous Whether the Subject is singular or plural, rule remains the same: S + will/shall + be + V1 + + ing + O E.g.: They will be running tomorrow.
  • 13. Future Perfect Whether the Subject is singular or plural, rule remains the same: S + will/shall + have + V3 + O E.g.: Tom will have finished the work.
  • 14. Future Perfect Continuous Whether the Subject is singular or plural, rule remains the same: S + will/shall + have + been + V1 + ing + O E.g.: Jane will have been dancing on the stage tomorrow.
  • 15. Made by : Samyak Jain