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CROPPRODUCTION   ANDMANAGEMENT
Agriculture• Growing plants  and receiving  animals for  food , clothing,  and other  useful products  is called  agricult...
Crops• Plants of  same kind  grown on a  large scale for  food,  clothing, etc.,  are called  crops.
KHARIF CROPS        1) They are generally planted           in June and harvested inRICE       October. Rice, maize,      ...
RABI CROPS          • They are generally            planted in November            and harvested in April.            Whea...
Agricultural practices1)Soil preparationa)Ploughingb)Levelingc)Applying fertilizers2)Selection and sowing of seeds3)Irriga...
Selecting good-quality, healthy seeds is thenext important of crop production. In India, agovernment body calledThe Nation...
Sowing is the process of placing seeds inthe soil. Sowing may be done manuallyor with the help of an implement calledseed ...
This process involves directly sprinkling seeds ino thesoil. Seeds sown in this manner are distributedunevenly, Also, this...
A seed drill ca be pulled acrossthe field using bullocks or atractor. Seeds sown using a seeddrill are distributed evenly ...
IRRIGATON- It refers to artificialApplication of water to the soilfor assisting the growth of crops.Methods of irrigation ...
TRADITIONAL METHODS   Canal irrigation , furrow irrigation    , chain pump , moat [ pulley    system ] , dhekli , rahat [...
MODERN METHODS Sprinkler irrigation and drip  irrigation are examples of  modern methods of irrigation. These methods he...
WATERLOGGING Care must be taken not to water the field  excessively. Excess water on the field may  cause a condition wat...
WEEDING Sometimes , desirable plants called weeds  grow along with the crop. Amaranthus  [chaulai] wild oat ,grass are ex...
Harvested grains need to be storedbefore they made available forconsumption .To prevent their spoilage ,it is necessary to...
The storage area should be keptclean and dry .Pesticides should besprayed beforehand to keep awaypests. Periodic inspectio...
Carrying out the basicagricultural practicessystematically can substantiallyincrease crop yield . Techniquessuch as mixed ...
In mixed cultivation ,two or more differenttypes of crops are sown in a particular fieldat the same time .For example :- A...
Manual weedingWeeds may be uprooted by hand or removed with the help ofimplements such as harrow, trowel, or hoemanual wee...
Using weedicidesA weedicide is a chemical that is used to destroy weeds.Weedicides destroy the weeds without affecting the...
Animals such as rate and insects also damage crops. Such animals are calledpests. Pests can be destroyed by using chemical...
HarvestingThe process of cutting and gathering of called harvesting.
Threshing a machine manually combine harvester can be used for bothharvesting and threshing winnowing, which involves the ...
Crop RotationChanging crop sequences to create anunstable and inhospitable environmentfor weed establishment and survival ...
Grass crop                        Cover cropMustard          Small grain
Nitrogen Fixation
Sources•   Lightning•   Inorganic fertilizers•   Nitrogen Fixation•   Animal Residues•   Crop residues•   Organic fertiliz...
FOOD FROM ANIMALS
Animal husbandary
Milk..Milk is obtainedfrom animals suchas cows, Buffalo,and goat. It is usedto prepare variety ofproducts such asbutter, g...
Meat..Meat is obtained fromanimals such as goatand chicken. Peoplealso eat many kinds offish, shrimps, lobsters,and other ...
Eggs..Eggs are obtainedfrom birds such as  chicken, turkey,    and goose.
Honey.. Honey is obtained from honey bees.   The practice ofrearing honeybeesfor honey is known    as apiculture.
Root nodules of soya..
MADE BY:•Group Leader: Samyak Jain: 04
CROP PRODUCTION AND MANAGEMENT
CROP PRODUCTION AND MANAGEMENT
CROP PRODUCTION AND MANAGEMENT
CROP PRODUCTION AND MANAGEMENT
CROP PRODUCTION AND MANAGEMENT
CROP PRODUCTION AND MANAGEMENT
CROP PRODUCTION AND MANAGEMENT
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CROP PRODUCTION AND MANAGEMENT

VERY ATTRACTIVE PRESENTATION CONTAINING THE FOLLOWING SLIDES: Agriculture, Crops, , Agricultural practices, Irrigation, Water logging, Weeding, Storage, Mixed Cultivation and Crop Rotation, NItrogen Fixation, Nitrogen Cycle, Animal Husbandary and many more

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CROP PRODUCTION AND MANAGEMENT

  1. 1. CROPPRODUCTION ANDMANAGEMENT
  2. 2. Agriculture• Growing plants and receiving animals for food , clothing, and other useful products is called agriculture.
  3. 3. Crops• Plants of same kind grown on a large scale for food, clothing, etc., are called crops.
  4. 4. KHARIF CROPS 1) They are generally planted in June and harvested inRICE October. Rice, maize, COTTON cotton and ground nuts are examples of kharif crops.MAIZE GROUNDNUT
  5. 5. RABI CROPS • They are generally planted in November and harvested in April. Wheat, barley ,pea and PEAWHEAT gram are examples of rabi crops. BARLEY GRAM
  6. 6. Agricultural practices1)Soil preparationa)Ploughingb)Levelingc)Applying fertilizers2)Selection and sowing of seeds3)Irrigation (watering of crops)4)Weeding and crop protection5)Harvesting and storage
  7. 7. Selecting good-quality, healthy seeds is thenext important of crop production. In India, agovernment body calledThe National Seeds Corporation (NSC) isinvolved in the production of good-qualityagricultural seed.NSC has also helped in setting up seed-testinglaboratories in different parts of the country.
  8. 8. Sowing is the process of placing seeds inthe soil. Sowing may be done manuallyor with the help of an implement calledseed drill.
  9. 9. This process involves directly sprinkling seeds ino thesoil. Seeds sown in this manner are distributedunevenly, Also, this method may not ensure that allseeds are sown at the correct depth.
  10. 10. A seed drill ca be pulled acrossthe field using bullocks or atractor. Seeds sown using a seeddrill are distributed evenly andPlaced at the correct depth in thesoil.
  11. 11. IRRIGATON- It refers to artificialApplication of water to the soilfor assisting the growth of crops.Methods of irrigation may beconsidered under two broadcategories : traditional andmodern.
  12. 12. TRADITIONAL METHODS  Canal irrigation , furrow irrigation , chain pump , moat [ pulley system ] , dhekli , rahat [water wheel] are some of the traditional methods of irrigation these method are cheaper , but often lead to wastage of water.
  13. 13. MODERN METHODS Sprinkler irrigation and drip irrigation are examples of modern methods of irrigation. These methods help in saving water eg. - sprinkler system and drip irrigation.
  14. 14. WATERLOGGING Care must be taken not to water the field excessively. Excess water on the field may cause a condition waterlogging. Decreasing the amount of air available to the roots and Leading to an increase in the salt content of the soil.
  15. 15. WEEDING Sometimes , desirable plants called weeds grow along with the crop. Amaranthus [chaulai] wild oat ,grass are examples of weeds. The process of removing weeds is called wedding. Weeding may be done manually or by using chemicals called weedicides.
  16. 16. Harvested grains need to be storedbefore they made available forconsumption .To prevent their spoilage ,it is necessary to insure that both thegrains and the storage area are free ofmoisture .
  17. 17. The storage area should be keptclean and dry .Pesticides should besprayed beforehand to keep awaypests. Periodic inspection of thestorage area is necessary to insurethe safety of grains
  18. 18. Carrying out the basicagricultural practicessystematically can substantiallyincrease crop yield . Techniquessuch as mixed cultivation andcrop rotation can increase cropyield further.
  19. 19. In mixed cultivation ,two or more differenttypes of crops are sown in a particular fieldat the same time .For example :- Aleguminous plant such as pea can be sownin the same field , along with a cereal suchas wheat.
  20. 20. Manual weedingWeeds may be uprooted by hand or removed with the help ofimplements such as harrow, trowel, or hoemanual weeding has the following disadvantages.•it is time – consuming and may even land to accidental removalof desired crops.•the implements used (such as trowel, harrow, and hoe) aremade of iron and need regular maintenance to prevent rusting.
  21. 21. Using weedicidesA weedicide is a chemical that is used to destroy weeds.Weedicides destroy the weeds without affecting the crop.Dalapon, metachlor, and siziazine are examples ofweedicides.
  22. 22. Animals such as rate and insects also damage crops. Such animals are calledpests. Pests can be destroyed by using chemicals called pesticides.Weedicides and pesticides have the following disadvantages.• accidental contact with these chemicals may adversely affect the health offarmers.•Traces of these poisonous chemical may remain in crops themselves,which can be very harmful to human life. It is therefore, very important towash grains vegetables, etc., thoroughly before consumption.
  23. 23. HarvestingThe process of cutting and gathering of called harvesting.
  24. 24. Threshing a machine manually combine harvester can be used for bothharvesting and threshing winnowing, which involves the separation ofthe grain from chaff (seed covering and tiny pieces of leaves or stem),can be done manually, or using a `winnowing machine
  25. 25. Crop RotationChanging crop sequences to create anunstable and inhospitable environmentfor weed establishment and survival –resource availabilityallelopathic effectssoil disturbance X timesoil fertilitymechanical damage
  26. 26. Grass crop Cover cropMustard Small grain
  27. 27. Nitrogen Fixation
  28. 28. Sources• Lightning• Inorganic fertilizers• Nitrogen Fixation• Animal Residues• Crop residues• Organic fertilizers
  29. 29. FOOD FROM ANIMALS
  30. 30. Animal husbandary
  31. 31. Milk..Milk is obtainedfrom animals suchas cows, Buffalo,and goat. It is usedto prepare variety ofproducts such asbutter, ghee, cheeseand curd,
  32. 32. Meat..Meat is obtained fromanimals such as goatand chicken. Peoplealso eat many kinds offish, shrimps, lobsters,and other sea animals
  33. 33. Eggs..Eggs are obtainedfrom birds such as chicken, turkey, and goose.
  34. 34. Honey.. Honey is obtained from honey bees. The practice ofrearing honeybeesfor honey is known as apiculture.
  35. 35. Root nodules of soya..
  36. 36. MADE BY:•Group Leader: Samyak Jain: 04

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