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Microbial assay of B2 and B12

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this presentation gives informationabout microbial assay of vitamins B2 and B12. it is based upon the guidelines of indian pharmacopoeia. this presentation highlights the principle, process and applications of microbial assay

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Microbial assay of B2 and B12

  1. 1. MICROBIOLOGICAL ASSAY OF VITAMIN B2 AND B12 BY PANKHIL GANDHI, S.Y. PHARM D.
  2. 2. WHAT IS MICROBIAL ASSAY OF VITAMINS?
  3. 3. • Microbiological assay of vitamins is a type of biological assay performed with the aid of microorganisms. • Many therapeutic agents, which either inhibit the growth of microorganisms or are essential for their growth are standardized by microbial assay.
  4. 4. WHAT IS THE UNDERLYING PRINCIPLE? • The basis of this assay is to measure the ability of test organism to utilize the substance being assayed under a proper nutritional condition. • The response (growth of test organism) is proportional to the dose (amount of factor) added to medium.
  5. 5. HOW DO WE DO IT ? The Indian pharmacopoeia gives two methods : • The cylinder-plate (cup-plate) method • The turbidimetric (tube assay) method
  6. 6. ASSAY OF VITAMIN B12
  7. 7. A QUICK REVIEW OF VIT. B12 • Also known as cyanocobalamin. It’s a water soluble vitamin. • Structure is similar to that of heme where the iron is replaced with cobalt as a centre of molecule. • Its main sources are liver, eggs, milk, meat & fish. • VitB12 deficiency causes Macrolyticanemia, pernicious anemia. • National Research Council, USA recommends a daily intake of about 5mg of vit B12
  8. 8. PREREQUISITES FOR THE ASSAY: • Test organism selected must be able to utilize free cyanocobalamin • LACTOBACILLUS LEICHMANNII satisfies this requirement • It is easily available, non pathogenic and easily culturable • Isolated from milk, cheese and other dairy products
  9. 9. PRECAUTIONS • Great care must be taken to avoid contamination • All the glasswares must be free from detergents and other chemicals. • Glasswares must be heated to 2500C for at least 1 hr before use. • The whole experiment must be carried out under proper aseptic condition
  10. 10. REAGENTS • STANDARD B12 STOCK SOLUTION A solution of cyanocobalamin of concentration 1.0 microgram per ml is made using 25% ethanol • STANDARD B12 SOLUTION dilute stock solution to prepare a solution of conc. 0.01-0.04 microgram/ml . Prepare freshly
  11. 11. • TEST SOLUTION TO BE ASSAYED Accurate amount of material to be assayed is taken & dissolved in water, Dil HCl or NaOH is added to adjust ph at 6.0.
  12. 12. • BASAL MEDIUM STOCK SOLUTION DISSOLVE IN 100 ml WATER
  13. 13. • SUSPENSION MEDIUM Prepare a 100ml solution by mixing equal volumes of BASAL MEDIUM STOCK SOLUTION and distilled water
  14. 14. • PREPARATION OF INOCULUM 1. Transfer a loopfull of Lactobacillus liechmannii from a recent subculture into two tubes each containing 10ml of sterile culture medium. 2. Incubate the tubes for 18-24hrs @ 37oC. 3. Centrifuge. Make a suspension, of the cells that settle down, using 10ml of sterile suspension medium. 4. Centrifuge again and once again suspend the cells in 10 ml sterile suspension medium. 5. Aseptically transfer 1ml of the so prepared suspension to 10ml sterile suspension medium. 6. This suspension is used as innoculum.
  15. 15. COMPOSITION OF CULTURE MEDIUM : (PH = 6.8) • Yeast extract -0.75gm • Peptone -0.75gm • Dextrose -1gm • Potassium dihydrogen phosphate -0.2gm • Tomato juice filtrate -10ml • Sorbitan monooleate solution-1ml • Water upto-100ml
  16. 16. WHAT IS THE PROCEDURE? Assay of vitamin B12 can be carried out by two methods 1. Titrimetric method 2. Turbidimetric method
  17. 17. TITRIMETRIC METHOD
  18. 18. INTERPRETATION OF THE RESULTS
  19. 19. OVERVIEW
  20. 20. TURBIDIMETRIC METHOD • Incubate all the test tubes at 30-37oC for 16- 24hrs • Set the wavelength of the specrtophotometer at 640nm • Take readings
  21. 21. ASSAY OF VITAMIN B2
  22. 22. A QUICK REVIEW OF VITAMIN B2 • Also known as riboflavin • A component of coenzymes FAD and FMN. Therefore plays important role in carbohydrate and protein metabolism • Dietary sources include yeast, liver, beef, eggs, whole-grain products, peas, beet, peanuts, etc • Deficiency may lead to blurred vision, dermatitis and anemia.
  23. 23. PREREQUISITES • LACTOBACILLUS CASEI is used for the assay • Basal medium • Stock solutions • Inoculum
  24. 24. BASAL MEDIUM (RIBOFLAVIN FREE)
  25. 25. RIBOFLAVIN SOLUTIONS
  26. 26. INOCULUM • Into a 10 ml centrifuge tube add 5 ml basal medium and 5 ml riboflavin solution (0.2 microgram per ml) so that it would contain 1 microgram of riboflavin • Sterilize • Add LACTOBACILLUS CASAEI to it • Incubate at 37oC for 24 hrs • Centrifuge it and decant off the supernatant liquid
  27. 27. • Suspend the bacterial cells in 10 ml sterile saline • Centrifuge again and suspend the bacterial cells in 10 ml sterile saline • Inoculum is ready
  28. 28. PROCEDURE • Fill 7 test tubes with 0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, 3.0 ml of standard riboflavin solution • Make up the volume in each test tube up to 5 ml using distilled water • Add 5 ml of riboflavin free basal medium in each of he test tubes • Sterilize
  29. 29. • Take another 5 test tubes and fill them with 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5 ml of the test sample • Make up the volume in each test tube up to 5 ml using distilled water • Add 5 ml of riboflavin free basal medium in each of he test tubes • Sterilize
  30. 30. • Cool all the test tubes to room temperature and then inoculate each test tube with a drop (0.6 ml) of inoculum • Incubate at 37oC for 72 hrs • Titrate the contents of each test tube separately against 0.1N NaOH to pH 6.8
  31. 31. OVERVIEW
  32. 32. ALTERNATIVELY.... • Even LACTOBACILLUS RHAMNOSUS is used • Only things that change are composition of basal medium and concentration of riboflavin solution used • The most effective assay range is between 0.025-0.15 microgram per 10 ml
  33. 33. BASAL MEDIUM
  34. 34. REFERENCES 1. BISHNOI KAPIL et al, MICROBIOLOGICAL ASSAY FOR VITAMIN B, INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH JOURNAL FOR PHARMACY, 2012, PG NO 74-82 2. A. A. HOOVER AND G. C. N. JAYASURIYA, MICROBIOLOGICAL ASSAY OF VITAMINS 2 – RIBOFLAVIN, CEYLON J. MED. SCI. (D), VOL 8, PART 3, FEBRUARY 1953, PG NO 184-189 3. DIFCO AND BBL MANUAL, 2ND EDITION 4. INDIAN PHARMACOPOEIA – 2007, VOLUME-1, CHAPTER 2.2.10, PG NO. 45-52

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