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Adrian

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Adrian

  1. 1. Individual questionnaire - Adrian 1. What’s the origin of the word “Halloween”? The origin of Halloween it´s an ancient Celtic festival of Samhain, it´s a time of year that was often associate with human death. 2. Describe at least 3 superstitions related to this festivity. On the night of October 31, when it was believed that the ghost of the dead returnerd to earth. On Halloween, people thought that they would encounter ghosts if they left their homes.To avoid being recognized by these ghosts, people would wear masks when they left their homes after dark so that the ghosts would mistake them for fellow spirits. We avoid crossing paths with black cats, afraid that they might bring us bad luck. 3. Why do we carve pumpkins for Halloween? The practice of decorating “jack-o’-lanterns” is from an Irish folktale about a man named Stingy Jack, the story tell about a man named Jack who tricked the devil, and when he died was rejected by God and the devil forced him to wander and use a pumpkin with a candle as a flashlight. 4. Explain how to cook a typical Halloween dish. I don´t know any typical Halloween dish but I gave myself the task of finding a recipe next link contains the information of a recipe. LINK: http://www.halloween.com.es/gastronomia/cafe-halloween.htm 5. What’s the origin of the celebration Day of the Dead? The celebration Day of the dead was originated centuries ago in Mexico. The holiday is a blend of pre-Hispanic indigenous beliefs and Spanish Catholic beliefs. 6. What does Day of the Dead traditions consist on? People celebrate this Mexican tradition to remember their loved ones, the believed that they return to their homes, so they set an altar with food. 7. Which elements should an altar have?
  2. 2. The altar should have photos, candles, bread of the dead, flowers, skeletons other food as a mole and tamales, and sweets. 8. What is the meaning of each of this elements? Photos are to remember loved ones who have died. Lit candles, usually are to illuminate the way home. Bread of the Dead represent the souls of the dead. In some parts of Mexico, the bread may be shaped as humans or animals. For children, sweets and other foods are left for the dead to eat when they come to visit. According to the tastes of those who have died, on the altars there is: Mole is usually set out for adult spirits, tamales made from meat, cheese or nuts are also added to the altar. Children might get a sweeter version of the tamale made with fruit. Flowers, which symbolize the brief life of man, are used as an offering on the altars. Yellow marigolds, known as "the flower of the dead," and other fragrant flowers are used to communicate to the spirits the richness of the offering. 9. What are the main symbols of Day of the Dead? Calaveras- Mischievous Dead, Sugar Skulls, “Ofrendas” a honoring the dead, perforated paper.

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