Teacher's function, operation and activities in teaching

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teacher's function, operation and activity in teaching

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Teacher's function, operation and activities in teaching

  1. 1. TEACHER FUNCTIONS<br />&<br />OPERATIONS AND ACTIVITIES IN TEACHING<br />SHASHI KANT PANDEY<br />M.Ed (2010-11)<br />School of Education<br />Pondicherry university<br />
  2. 2. TEACHING<br />“Teaching is a form of interpersonal influence aimed at changing the behavior potential of another person.” <br />- American Educational Research Association Commission (1962)<br />
  3. 3. TEACHER<br />Teacher is the yardstick that measures the achievement and aspirations of the nation.<br />The people of a country are enlarged replica of their teacher.<br />Teacher is the nation builder.<br />
  4. 4. “Every teacher and educationist of experience knows that even the best curriculum and the most perfect syllabus remains dead unless quickened into life by the right method of teaching and right kind of teachers.”<br />-secondary education commission<br />
  5. 5. Teaching is a tri-polar process<br />SOURCE OF THE TEACHING<br />Teaching process<br />STUDENTS<br />ACTIVITIES OF TEACHING<br />Teacher is the human source of teaching.<br />
  6. 6. Structure of teaching<br />Teacher<br />Student<br />Content and strategy<br />Independent variable<br />Dependent variable<br />Intervening variable<br />Teacher is the independent variable of teaching process which influence the student with the help of content and different strategies.<br />
  7. 7. Functions of teacher<br /> Function of teacher is to help the students learn by imparting knowledge and setting up a situation in which the students can and will learn effectively<br /> Diagnostic function<br />Prescriptive function<br />Evaluative function<br />
  8. 8. DIAGNOSTIC FUNCTION<br />Diagnose entering behaviour<br />Formulate educational objective<br />Analyze the content, instructional material and environmental condition <br />
  9. 9. 2.Prescriptive Function<br /><ul><li>Selection and organization of appropriate contents in appropriate sequence
  10. 10. Selection of appropriate teaching methods, media and strategies
  11. 11. Seeking desired cooperation from the students</li></ul>3.Evaluative Function<br /><ul><li>Finding out the progress and outcomes of teaching</li></li></ul><li>Some more functions <br />Motivating the child to learn<br />Arrange condition which assists the growth of child’s mind and body<br />Turning the child in a creative being<br />Diagnosing learning problems and accordingly give remedial.<br />Providing educational and vocational guidance<br />Providing counselling.<br />Inculcating social and moral values<br />Evaluating, recording and reporting<br />Making curriculum material<br />
  12. 12. Operations of Teaching<br />1.PRE ACTIVE STAGE<br /><ul><li>Forming or fixing up goals
  13. 13. Deciding the content
  14. 14. Managing appropriate means and ways of presentation
  15. 15. Deciding appropriate strategies and tactics
  16. 16. Developing teaching strategies for specific subject matter</li></li></ul><li>PRE ACTIVE STAGE<br />Educational Objectives (E.O.)<br />Learning Experience(L.E.)<br />Change of Behaviour (C.B.)<br />
  17. 17. INTER-ACTIVE STAGE<br /> Perceiving the size of the class <br />Diagnosis of the learners<br />Action or achievement (initiation or response)<br />Selection of stimuli<br />Presentation of stimuli<br />Feedback or reinforcement<br />Development of strategies<br />
  18. 18. INTER-ACTIVE STAGE<br />TEACHER<br />ACHIEVEMENT<br />PRESCRIPTIVE<br />DIAGNOSIS<br />STUDENT<br />
  19. 19. CLASS ROOM INTERACTION<br />VERBAL INTERACTION<br />NON VERBAL INTERACTION<br />TEACHER<br />STUDENT<br />OFF TASK<br />ON TASK<br />INITIATION<br />INITIATION<br />RESPONSE<br />TEACHER<br />STUDENT<br />RESPONSE<br />TEACHER<br />STUDENT<br />
  20. 20. Post active stage<br />Assessing the suitability of objectives determined<br />Deciding regarding reteaching or further taking up the content<br />Assessing the suitability of instructional material and aids<br /> Changing or improving teaching strategies<br />
  21. 21. IMPORTANCE OF TEACHING OPERATIONS<br />To develop the teaching skills<br />Provides scientific basis for developing effective instructions of teaching<br />Classroom teaching and interaction can be made effective<br />Create appropriate conditions of learning for achieving goals<br />Teaching can be organized effectively<br />Provide empirical evidences about relationship of teaching variables<br />
  22. 22. Activities of teaching<br />Four steps of teaching including these activities<br />PLANNING <br /> ORGANISING<br /> LEADNING<br /> CONTROLLING<br />
  23. 23. 1.PLANNING<br /><ul><li>System analysis
  24. 24. Task analysis
  25. 25. Entering behaviour
  26. 26. Specification of knowledge, attitude and</li></ul> skills<br /><ul><li>Identification of needs
  27. 27. Formulation of objectives
  28. 28. Criterion test </li></ul>2. ORGANISING<br /><ul><li>Organizing learning resources
  29. 29. Selecting appropriate media</li></li></ul><li> 3.LEADNING<br /><ul><li>Selecting appropriate strategies
  30. 30. Implementing teaching activities</li></ul> 4.CONTROLLING<br /><ul><li>Evaluation of teaching system
  31. 31. Observing learning system
  32. 32. Modification in teaching system</li>

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