Unbestimmte Artikel und   PossessivadjektiveEinheit 2 (Kapitel 3: Was kostet das?,     Kapitel 4: Wie spät ist es?)
What is an Article?• An article is like a little arrow associated with  a noun. It tells you whether the noun that is  bei...
Definite articles• We use definite articles (in English, the) to indicate one noun  in particular.   – The radio (that one...
Indefinite Articles• As the name suggests, an indefinite article  indicates a non-specific noun.• Rather than saying:   – ...
Indefinite Articles• In German, indefinite articles are derived from the  word eins (one), and are marked with endings  de...
Indefinite Articles: a Variation• Since the indefinite article derives from the word  eins, meaning ‘one’, it makes sense ...
Indefinite Articles: kein• These items are labeled incorrectly.  Answer the questions negatively  and correct the labels u...
Possessive Adjectives• We already know that words like ein follow a pattern: for  example, if the definite article for a n...
Possessive Adjectives• Possessive adjectives give us information  about who owns the nouns that they describe.  They follo...
Possessive Adjectives• The meaning of possessive adjectives tells us who owns the  noun, just like in English. (my Ferrari...
Possessive Adjectives: Be careful!   • Just like in English, the base word of a possessive adjective     refers to the per...
Possessive Adjectives• Use the information in the table to  complete the dialogue with the correct  possessive adjectives....
Summary: Words like ein• The word ein is an indefinite article; that  means it refers to a non-specific noun.• If a noun i...
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K3 unbestimmte artikel_possessivadjektive

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K3 unbestimmte artikel_possessivadjektive

  1. 1. Unbestimmte Artikel und PossessivadjektiveEinheit 2 (Kapitel 3: Was kostet das?, Kapitel 4: Wie spät ist es?)
  2. 2. What is an Article?• An article is like a little arrow associated with a noun. It tells you whether the noun that is being talked about is a specific thing or a non- specific thing. – I would like a new bicycle. – The bicycle is really fast. See page 17 in English Grammar for Students of German.
  3. 3. Definite articles• We use definite articles (in English, the) to indicate one noun in particular. – The radio (that one over there) is new. – I bought the broken iron (as opposed to the new one or the purple one). – See pages 17-18 in English Grammar for Students of German.• In German, the definite article changes based on the gender (masculine, feminine, or neuter) or the number (singular or plural) of the noun. – Der Herd ist alt. – Das Bügeleisen ist kaputt. – Die Waschmaschine ist neu. – Die CDs sind teuer.
  4. 4. Indefinite Articles• As the name suggests, an indefinite article indicates a non-specific noun.• Rather than saying: – The bike (that one over there that I can see) is broken...• An indefinite article looks like this: – I don’t want a broken bike! – (Not this specific bike, but any broken bike)
  5. 5. Indefinite Articles• In German, indefinite articles are derived from the word eins (one), and are marked with endings depending on the gender of the noun: Gender (Genus) Unbestimmter Artikel Maskulinum ein Neutrum ein Femininum eine• As you can see, the ‘e’ at the end of eine reflects the feminine definite article, die. However, the masculine and neuter der and das have no endings in the indefinite forms. See pages 18-19 in English Grammar for Students of German.
  6. 6. Indefinite Articles: a Variation• Since the indefinite article derives from the word eins, meaning ‘one’, it makes sense that it doesn’t have a plural form. After all, you would never say, “I would like a donuts”!• However, there is a plural word that follows the pattern of the indefinite article that can have a plural form: kein means ‘none’ or ‘not any’. Gender (Genus) Kein Form Beispiel (Example) Maskulinum kein Das ist kein Herd! Das ist ein Staubsauger. Neutrum kein Das ist kein Bügeleisen! Das ist ein Buch. Femininum keine Das ist keine Waschmaschine! Das ist eine CD. Plural keine Das sind keine CDs! Das sind Lampen.
  7. 7. Indefinite Articles: kein• These items are labeled incorrectly. Answer the questions negatively and correct the labels using the correct forms of kein and the correct indefinite articles. 4. Ist das ein Tisch?1. Ist das eine Kaffeemaschine? Nein, das ist keine Kaffeemaschine. Das ist ein Wasserkocher. 5. Ist das eine Waschmaschine?2. Ist das ein Handy? 6. Ist das ein Fernseher?3. Sind das DVDs?
  8. 8. Possessive Adjectives• We already know that words like ein follow a pattern: for example, if the definite article for a noun is die, then the form of ein becomes eine. Identify the words in this dialogue that you think might follow the same pattern as the forms of ein.Yildiz: Hans, ist das deine DVD?Hans: Nein, sie ist nicht meine DVD, aber ich glaube, du hastmein Heft.Yildiz: Ach so! Ist das dein Heft?Hans: Ja, das ist mein Heft. Ist das hier dein Wörterbuch?Yildiz: Nein, hier ist mein Wörterbuch, aber ich glaube, Franzsucht sein Wörterbuch. Ist das dein MP3-Player?Hans: Ach ja! Das ist mein MP3-Player.
  9. 9. Possessive Adjectives• Possessive adjectives give us information about who owns the nouns that they describe. They follow the same pattern for noun gender as the indefinite article ein: Das ist eine Lampe. Das ist ein Bleistift. Das ist meine Lampe. Das ist mein Bleistift.• See pages 83-84 in English Grammar for Speakers of German.
  10. 10. Possessive Adjectives• The meaning of possessive adjectives tells us who owns the noun, just like in English. (my Ferrari, his book)• The endings on the possessive adjectives indicate the gender of the noun by following the same pattern as the indefinite article ein.Person doing the owning English possessive Deutsches adjective Possessivadjektiv ich my mein/e du your dein/e er/es his / its sein/e sie her ihr/e wir our unser/e ihr your euer / eure sie (Sie) their ihr/e (Ihr/e)
  11. 11. Possessive Adjectives: Be careful! • Just like in English, the base word of a possessive adjective refers to the person who owns the noun you are describing. – Mein Handy is a cell phone that belongs to me. • In German, possessive adjectives work the same way, but can get a little confusing with noun gender. Remember that the base of the word gives you information about the person who does the owning, and the ending gives you information about the gender of a noun.‘Sein’ refers to a male owner.The ‘e’ at the end refers to afeminine noun.‘Ihr’ refers to a female owner.The lack of ending refers to amasculine noun.
  12. 12. Possessive Adjectives• Use the information in the table to complete the dialogue with the correct possessive adjectives. Sache BesitzerYildiz: Hans, ist das ______ Schere? deineHans: Nein, aber frag mal Dieter; ich glaube, er seine deinesucht ______ Schere. Ist das ______ CD? Dieter meineYildiz: Ich habe hier ______ CD, aber Anna suchtihre______ CD. Anna meinHans: Ach so. Und hast du vielleicht ______ Heft? deinYildiz: Ich weiß nicht. Welche Farbe hat ______Heft? HansHans: Es ist blau. Ach, da ist es. Und ist das hier deine______ Kaffemaschine, Yildiz?Yildiz: Anna und ich haben die Kaffeemaschine. Ja, Yildiz und Annadas ist unsere Kaffeemaschine. ______
  13. 13. Summary: Words like ein• The word ein is an indefinite article; that means it refers to a non-specific noun.• If a noun is masculine (der) or neuter(das), its indefinite article is ein.• If a noun is feminine, its definite article is die, and the indefinite article is eine.• The word kein (none, not any) follows this same pattern.• The possessive adjectives follow this same pattern.

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