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One world view

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Exploring the basis of our world view.

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One world view

  1. 1. One World View…
  2. 2. What’s wrong with it?
  3. 3. The Mercator Projection It became the standard map projection for nautical purposes because of its ability to represent lines of constant course, known as rhumb lines or loxodromes For example, Greenland and Antarctica appear much larger relative to land masses near the equator than they actually are. a cylindrical map projection presented by the Flemish geographer and cartographer Gerardus Mercator in 1569 distorts the size of objects as the latitude increases from the Equator to the poles, where the scale becomes infinite.
  4. 4. What’s wrong with our world view? The ‘Africa’ Representation Problem • North America looks at least as big, if not slightly larger, than Africa. You can fit North America into Africa and still have space for India, Argentina, Tunisia and some left over. • Greenland also looks of comparable size to Africa, although it is 1/14th the size. The India Problem • The map suggests that Scandinavian countries are larger than India, whereas in reality India is three times the size of all Scandinavian countries put together. The Russia Problem • Africa is twice the size of Russia • the Brazil Problem; The Latin American Problem….
  5. 5. TO GAIN A ‘BETTER’ VIEW, WE CAN REPRESENT THE WORLD ACCORDING TO Gall-Peters equal projection provides proportional representation of land mass to the continents. Still preserves some distortion, as is the case with any rectangular representation of spherical objects
  6. 6. Mercator projection vs. projection by land area
  7. 7. Gall-Peters Equal Area Projection
  8. 8. Main Implications • Cartographic Imperialism: – Since much of the technologically underdeveloped world lies near the equator, these countries appear smaller on a Mercator and therefore, according to Peters, seem less significant. – By using his "new" projection, poorer, less powerful nations could be restored to their rightful proportions. • Widely criticised by the community, with champions emerging later on. • Some organisations adopted the map in their official use.
  9. 9. Other Physical World Views
  10. 10. Not the only view…
  11. 11. A Sino-centric worldview
  12. 12. A north-pole view
  13. 13. Some views don’t sit well with others…
  14. 14. & these are just physical representations • You can also look qualitatively at representations… – Population – Resource / materials & its distribution view – GDP / per capita GDP – Languages – Ethnicity – Religions – Corruption / Crime / Competitiveness…
  15. 15. Gas & Gold Distribution
  16. 16. GDP
  17. 17. Per Capita GDP
  18. 18. Population
  19. 19. Religion
  20. 20. Corruption
  21. 21. Crime – Intentional Homicide
  22. 22. Conclusion • There is 1 world, but no 1 world-view • There is beauty and usefulness in diversity by any lens or filter We don’t know what we don’t know The only true wisdom is in knowing that you know nothing. Socrates

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