<ul><li>Shame on America </li></ul><ul><li>By Leanna Hamilton </li></ul><ul><li>Spring 2007 </li></ul>
Shame on America <ul><li>We are a country that Constitutionally guarantees it’s citizens “life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.” Yet when threatened by the countries from which citizens came, we have a uniquely American response. </li></ul>
<ul><li>When felt threatened by the Native Americans, we restricted them to life on the reservation. </li></ul>
<ul><li>In the midst of World War II, when Japan announced an intention to participate in the conflict, by staging an early morning bombing raid on the U.S. military base at Pearl Harbor, killing 2403 and wounding 1178 American soldiers… </li></ul>
Again we take prisoners Internment knew no age.
<ul><li>Within hours of the news from Hawaii, FBI agents, without evidence, search or arrest warrants, conducted house to house roundups of 1,212 Issei (first-generation Japanese immigrants) in Hawaii and the mainland. </li></ul><ul><li>They were prominent leaders in the Japanese-American communities: priests, teachers in language schools, officers of community organizations, and newspaper editors. </li></ul>
A Family Separated <ul><li>"Dear Sir, We want to know when our father may come back to us. Oh please, will you release him and have him join us? . . He hasn't done any harm to this country. . ." </li></ul>
<ul><li>Seventy-four days later President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, requiring persons of Japanese ancestry living on the West Coast to pack their belongings and prepare for relocation to inland “relocation camps.” </li></ul>Executive Order 9066
Just as we had done with the Indian nations, we protected ourselves by forcibly moving potential enemy combatants into restricted living spaces under our control.
<ul><li>Within days those marked for relocation had to pack what belongings they could carry; </li></ul>
<ul><li>The removal of the Japanese-American did not leave the local economy untouched. Block, after block of Japanese owned businesses were left vacant. </li></ul>
On the move, again. <ul><li>After a short time in one of seventeen “assembly centers,” internees were moved by bus or train to one of the ten “relocation camps.” </li></ul>
The Camps <ul><li>Rohwer, Ark. Jerome, Ark. </li></ul><ul><li>Granada (Amache), Co. Heart Mountain, Wy. </li></ul><ul><li>Minadoka (Hunt), Id. Topaz, Ut </li></ul><ul><li>Poston, Az. Gila River, Az. </li></ul><ul><li>Tule, Lake, Ca Manzanar, Ca. </li></ul>
THE CAMPS CLOSE 18,789 03/30/1945 05/27/1942 Tule Lake, Ca 8,130 10/31/1945 09/11/1942 Topaz, Ut 8,475 11/30/1945 09/18/1942 Rohwer, Ark. 17,814 11/28/1945 05/08/1942 Poston, Az 9,397 10/28/1945 08/10/1942 Minadoka, Id 10,046 11/21/1945 03/21/1942 Manzanar, Ca 8,497 6/30/1945 10/02/1942 Jerome, Ark. 10,767 11/10/1945 08/02/1942 Heart Mtn, Wy 13,348 11/10/1945 07/20/1942 Gila River, Az 7,318 10/15/1945 08/24/1942 Granada (Amache), Co Population Closed Opened Camp
"Monument for the Pacification of Spirits." May we never forget those who were here against their will and may we acknowledge their sacrifices.
One who was interned said: <ul><li>"Courage is something strong within you that brings out the best in a person. Perhaps no one else may know or see, but it’s those hidden things unknown to others, that reveals a person to God and self." - Yuri Nakahara Kochiyama Diary entry, May 3, 1942 </li></ul>
The Hebrew Scriptures say: <ul><li>Exodus 21:23-25: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>23) But if there is serious injury, you are to take life for life, 24) eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, 25) burn for burn, wound for wound, bruise for bruise. </li></ul></ul>
But, Jesus tells us: <ul><li>Matthew 22:36-40 </li></ul><ul><li>36) “Teacher, which commandment in the law is the greatest?” 37) He said to him, “You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind.’ 38) This is the greatest and first commandment, 39) And a second is like it: ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ 40) On these two commandments hand all the law and the prophets.” </li></ul>