Work and Leisure in Everyday Life Henri Lefebvre Edited byMETU Faculty of Architecture Department of Industrial DesignID501 Advanced Project Development in Industrial DesignNur Yıldırım
Notes on Lebebvre’s Approach• In his writings he follows dialectical approach based in Marxism• Stresses that everyday hold the potential for transformation• His critiques include both an analytic diagnosis and a recovery pf critical potential• Perceives everyday as the critical totality of social life, a time- space with various rhythms.
Keywords transformation, work, leisure, private life, alienation, mystiﬁcation, Aim and Scope• relationship between work, leisure, family and private life• work as necessity and leisure as freedom, co-existing circle• need for leisure as a break from everyday, characteristics of leisure
Elements of Everyday Life Private Life Everyday united contradictoryWork Leisure cannot be separated historically contradictory
until advent of bourgeois society, individuality or personality develop outside ofproductive laborseparation of manual and intellectual work,before bourgeois, productive labour was merged with everyday life: workplace isall around the house and family, peasant life. way of living belonged to notindividual, but a groupafter bourgeois, work, leisure and private life differentiated, separated butconstituted a uniﬁed wholeindividual consciousness split into two(private and social), man and workingman. Family life and leisure separated from productive activity.
Obscurity in everyday life: Where it is to be found? Where does the livingcontact between the concrete individual man and other human beings operate?In fragmented labour? In family life? In leisure?Elements of everyday: work, family and private life, leisure activities, theirinterrelation; discreteness of this elements brings alienation and differentation.
Characteristics of LeisureLeisure is a social need, spontaneous, passive and active(cultivated) activitiesour civilization(modern industrial civilization) creates techniques to satisfy them:leisure machines, radio, tvDifferentiated needs according to age, sex and group. Individual and collectiveneeds. (sports, ind. and team)Leisure is a break, distraction from everyday. Liberation from worries,necessities; liberation and pleasure
Mystifying world of LeisureClear images of the everyday that can make the ugly beautiful, the empty full.Sexuality in the domain of the image: provide the sense of a break which peoplelook for in leisure.Criticize modern eroticism for its lack of genuine sensuality. Break withoutleaving everyday, artiﬁcial, dissatisfactory.Reverse image: illusion of a false world: it is not a world, mimics real life toreplace the real by its opposite. replacing real unhappiness by ﬁctions ofhappiness.exploitation of sex, sentimentality, crime and sports.Concept of alienation is essential.
Leisure and Workleisure: freedomwork: necessitychanging social relations of productionwould work become need?work is the foundation of personal development, link between individual andsocial systemwork and leisure is related and exist with each other, leisure with no workwould be inadequatefragmentation of individual labour and socialization productive labourhuman relations or public relations: mystiﬁcation of capitalism for the social needstemming from the socialization of labour
We work to earn our leisure, and leisure has only one meaning: to get away fromwork, a vicious circleThus is established a complex of activities and passivities, of forms of sociabilityand communicationthey contain critique of everyday life in themselves
Conclusionswork, leisure, family life and private life make up a whole we can call globalstructure or totality, transitory natureConcern is to look to many sided interactions and extract what it positive -needs- from negative -alienation-
Perspectives For Conscious Alterations In Everyday Life Guy Debord
Notes on Debord’s Approach• Worked with Lefebvre• Situationist Practice: showing alienation of modern everyday life by intensifying the conditions• Revolutionary; render daily life ‘unnatural’ by experimentally altering forms of its practice
Altering everyday life in order to experimentally bring the object of studyinto clear viewDebord records his voice and plays it from a tape during an academicconference in order to stress that it would be artiﬁcial, not a free dialogue
Everyday Life as a sociological research branchDebates on everyday life as a study ﬁeld; trivial repeated actionsRefers to Lefebvre’s description of everyday life: ‘Whatever remainsafter one has eliminated all specialized activities.Workers as guinea pigs who have been infected and have onlyeveryday life to live with having no access to specialized activities
‘We have to place everyday life at the center of everything’‘Measure of all things, fulﬁllment or nonfulﬁllment of humanrelations, of the use of lived time, of artistic experimentation ..’Criticizing everyday life for a supersession in culture and politics,‘intervention’
Everyday life is organized within the limits of povertyScarcity of free time and scarcity of possible uses of this free timePoverty of conscious organization and creativity in everyday lifeexpresses the necessity for unconsciousness and mystiﬁcation in asociety of alienation.
Use of technology in everyday life; radio, tv, these elements areanarchical by chance,It is a political issue, class domination maintaining a totalitarianorganization of life.Life deprives of itself, communication and self-realization.Revolution of everyday life to where present dominates past andcreative aspects of life predominate over repetitive.