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Nutan microteaching ppt on contact Dermatitis


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For microteaching purpose useful for nursing students

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Nutan microteaching ppt on contact Dermatitis

  1. 1. Contact Dermatitis Presented by : Mrs. Nutan Makasare Tutor College of nursing G.M.C. Nagpur
  2. 2. Specific Objectives At the end of this session the group will be able to: • Define contact dermatitis • Enlist the causes • Enumerate Clinical manifestations • Explain Medical and Nursing management • Apply this knowledge while caring patient with contact dermatitis in clinical area.
  3. 3. Definition  Contact dermatitis is an Inflammatory reaction of the skin to physical, chemical or biologic agents. Types: Irritant contact dermatitis Allergic contact dermatitis
  4. 4. Causes Soap, detergents, chemicals, toiletries, jewellery, personal care products, topical medications, plants and work-related materials, foods, anesthetics agents, perfumes rubber gloves, leather, hair dye, food etc. Predisposing factors
  5. 5. Clinical manifestations  Itching  Burning  Oedema  Papules  Vesicles  Oozing  Redness  Crusting  Drying  Cracking  Scaling  Bleeding  Blistering  Peeling  Secondary bacterial invasion
  6. 6. Medical management -A bland unmedicated lotion for small patches or erythema. -Cool wet dressings -Ointment containing corticosteroids -Medicated baths -Short course of systemic corticosteroids for severe, widespread conditions.
  7. 7. Nursing Management  Detailed history  Physical examination  Providing medication  Patient education
  8. 8. Strategies for avoiding contact Dermatitis -Identify the irritants and try to avoid contact with these materials -Wear disposable, non-latex gloves when shampooing, colouring and bleaching -Rinse hands thoroughly immediately after exposure to possible irritants -Dry hands thoroughly with soft cotton or paper towel -Moisturise after washing your hands as well as the start and finish of each day -Pay attention to the fingertips, webs and wrists - Check skin regularly for early signs of dermatitis