Mobile Phones and the Empowerment of Women in Developing Regions


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The role of mobile phones in creating social and economic opportunities for women

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Mobile Phones and the Empowerment of Women in Developing Regions

  1. 1. Mobile Phones and the Empowerment of Women In Developing R i W I D l i Regions Pam Kahl University of Washington MCDM Digital Media in Emerging Markets Fall 2009
  2. 2. Fertility Choices Ch i Tolerance for Domestic Violence EMPOWERMENT Economic Independence Decision Making M ki Autonomy
  3. 3. MDG3 Promote gender equality and empower women Education Political Employment Decision Opportunity Making
  4. 4. Key Findings • Positive • Ownership equivalent to five extra years of education • Tool for economic empowerment • Less tolerance for domestic violence • Sense of possibility • Less • Fertility preferences • Independent decision making • Negative • Source of distrust
  5. 5. SIMM Marketplace – Grameen meets Ebay
  6. 6. UmNyango – Spotlight on gender-based violence
  7. 7. CycleTel – Family planning goes SMS
  8. 8. No Silver Bullet • Phones and Airtime Cost $$ • SMS requires literacy • Aggravates gender conflicts • No guarantee of access
  9. 9. Looking Ahead L ki Ah d • Increased access to information and social connections improves sense of opportunity • Positive indicators that economic empowerment can foster attitudinal shifts • Must socialize new ideas with men as much as women • Change takes time
  10. 10. Sources African Renaissance Ambassador Corporation. Biriwasha, M. (2007, Jan 12) Women Fight for Rights with Cell , ( , ) g g Phones. OhMyNews. Retrieved ttp:// Buskens, I. Webb, A. (Eds.) (2009). Buskens I & Webb A (Eds ) (2009) African Women and ICTs. Investigating , Technology and Empowerment Diga, K., Diga K Dev M Comm B. (2008). Mobile Cell Phones and M., B (2008) Poverty Reduction: Technology Spending Patters and Poverty Level Change among Households in Uganda
  11. 11. Sources Esipsu, I. (2009, Nov. 25) Mobile Phone to Partner in Family Planning Sunday Nation. Sunday Nation. Retrieved Institute for Reproductive Health, Georgetown University [Powerpoint Document]. Retrieved from via-mobile-phones-proofofconcept-testing-in-india-cycletel Klonner, S. & Nolan, P. (2008). Does ICT Benefit the Poort? , , ( ) Evidence from South Africa
  12. 12. Sources Kutoma, W. (2008). [Powerpoint Document] The Internet and Mobile Telephony: Implications for Women’s Development and Empowerment in Zambia. Retrieved from Lee, D. (May 2009). The Impact of Mobile Phones on the Status of Women in India Netsquared. impact-mobile-microfinance-simm p
  13. 13. Photo Credits Associated Press Brendan Bannon/CARE Phil Borges/CARE Josh Estey/CARE David Rochkind/CARE