Information Literacy

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Information Literacy

  1. 1. Information Literacy Some Things You Should Know
  2. 2. <ul><li>R </li></ul><ul><li>E </li></ul><ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>L </li></ul>Four Step Strategy
  3. 3. <ul><li>R - Read the URL </li></ul><ul><li>E - Examine the site’s content </li></ul><ul><li>A - Ask about the author/publisher </li></ul><ul><li>L - Look at the links </li></ul>
  4. 4. Do you recognize the domain name? For example: amazon.com
  5. 5. What is the extension in the domain name? For example: .com and .edu
  6. 6. Files extensions .edu – Educatioanal organization (most US universities) .k12 – US school site (not all schools use this) .ac – Academic institution (outside the US) .sch – School site (some schools outside the US use this) .com – Company (usually .c0 in the UK) .org – Any organization (non-profit) .gov – Government agency .net – Network .mil – Military institution
  7. 7. <ul><li>.biz </li></ul><ul><li>.name </li></ul><ul><li>.pro </li></ul><ul><li>.info </li></ul><ul><li>All used for commercial purposes </li></ul>New File Extensions
  8. 8. Extensions can also include country codes <ul><li>.uk </li></ul><ul><li>.ca </li></ul><ul><li>.za </li></ul><ul><li>For complete list refer to the Computer User High-Tech Dictionary </li></ul>
  9. 9. Some provide more reliable information <ul><li>.edu </li></ul><ul><li>.gov </li></ul><ul><li>.k12 </li></ul>
  10. 10. Be watchful <ul><li>.com </li></ul><ul><li>.net </li></ul><ul><li>.org </li></ul><ul><li>These domains can be purchased by anyone </li></ul>
  11. 11. Are you on a personal page? <ul><li>Created by an individual </li></ul><ul><li>Name in URL </li></ul><ul><li>Presence of ~ (tilde) or % (percent) </li></ul><ul><li>For example: </li></ul><ul><li>http://pubweb.northwesten.edu/~abutz/di/intro </li></ul>
  12. 12. Examining the Content <ul><li>Is the information on the website useful for your topic? </li></ul><ul><li>Are additional resources and links provided </li></ul><ul><li>Do the links work? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the site current </li></ul><ul><li>Do you think the information is accurate </li></ul><ul><li>Does the information contradict information you have found elsewhere? </li></ul>
  13. 13. The History of a Website <ul><li>The Wayback Machine </li></ul><ul><li>www.archive.org </li></ul><ul><li>From 1996 – a few months ago </li></ul>
  14. 14. Can’t Tell a URL by It’s Name <ul><li>http://www.martinlutherking.org/ </li></ul>
  15. 15. A Little History of the Website <ul><li>Let’s visit the Wayback Machine </li></ul>
  16. 16. Who is the Author/Publisher <ul><li>Use the Whois </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.easywhois.com </li></ul>
  17. 17. Forward Links <ul><li>What are the URLs of the forward links? </li></ul><ul><li>Do the domain names change? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the information biased? </li></ul>
  18. 18. External Links <ul><li>Who is linked to the website? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the purpose of the link? </li></ul><ul><li>What do other sites say about the informaion on the site? </li></ul>
  19. 19. Finding External Links <ul><li>In AltaVista you can use the link command </li></ul><ul><li>For example: </li></ul><ul><li>link:http://www.zapatopi.net/treeoctopus </li></ul>
  20. 20. Scanning the External Links <ul><li>Ask yourself the following questions: </li></ul><ul><li>Who is linked to the website? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the purpose of the link? </li></ul><ul><li>What do other sites say about the information on the site? </li></ul>

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