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Assignment 8


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Assignment 8

  2. 2. IDENTIFY AND EXPLAIN TODOROV’S THEORY INRELATION TO A FILMThe film that I will chose is called mean girls.Trevor suggested there are 5 stages of narrative : Equilibrium (or normality) Disequilibrium (conflict / disruption of equilibrium by action or event) Recognition of disequilibrium (disruption / conflict) Attempt to repair disequilibrium New equilibrium (new normality)
  3. 3. EQUILIBRIUM  Everything was normal before ‘Cady’ came to the new school  Everyone was in their social groups  Regina was the most popular one out of Karen and Gretchen
  4. 4. DISEQUILIBRIUM Everything started to change when Cady joined the group And starts to destroy Regina by giving her chocolate bars (Cady told Regina they were to make her turn skinnier but that was a lie) Also giving her the wrong cream to use on her face
  5. 5. RECOGNITION OF DISEQUILIBRIUM  Regina found out she was gaining weight from the chocolate bars.  She photocopied the burn book and put them around the school blaming Cady  The whole school was fighting as they found out what people have been calling them  Regina was hit by the bus and Cady was blamed.
  6. 6. ATTEMPT TO REPAIR DISEQUILIBRIUM  After the fight with the school each person would have to confess what they did wrong and also apologize  They would have to fall into a group of crowd to gain their trust, that they would catch each other
  7. 7. NEW EQUILIBRIUM Cady starts all over again, goes to maths competition and won All 4 girls, Regina, Karen , Gretchen and Cady didn’t care about popularity and 3 new girls became popular Also Cady confessed about everything and she didn’t care about popularity, nor clothes just education
  8. 8. LEVI STRAUSS He believed that our world is described in opposites. This would mean that, when the audience would look at a theme within a story and real life we would notice that they would have differences within them for example; Night / day Good / bad Dark / light Male / female
  9. 9. THINK OF OPPOSITES IN A VARIETY OF GENRESAND GIVE EXAMPLES FROM FILMSACTION ….Film Hero Villain ExplanationSpider man Spider man saving MJ Destroys the City spider man saves innocent people that have been the victim and the green goblin would destroy the city
  10. 10. THINK OF OPPOSITES IN A VARIETY OF GENRESAND GIVE EXAMPLES FROM FILMSSI-FI ….Film innocence Violation ExplanationHunger games The people in the district He was the one that made People have been mainly Katniss and Peeta it up and sacrificing forced to go try and peoples lives stay the first one surviving, and the violation comes from the person who made this up
  11. 11. THINK OF OPPOSITES IN A VARIETY OF GENRESAND GIVE EXAMPLES FROM FILMSThriller ….Film human supernatural ExplanationParanormal Katie and Micah are The demon is There were normal normal human beings supernatural his shadow people andactivity on the door you cannot supernatural, where see him Micah and Katie are humans and the supernatural is the demon
  12. 12. BARTHES His theory is similar to Todorov’s however Barthes theory talks about how the audience should experience anticipation and expectation of the conflict that has been happening in the film, and how the audience should seek answers and clues We would identify them by ‘codes’ Enigma code Action code Semantic code Symbolic code Cultural code
  13. 13. ENIGMA CODE At the beginning of 4321. it starts of with one of the girls wanting to jump of a bridge. This then creates a mystery and raises questions to the audience to why this girl wants to commit suicide.
  14. 14. ACTION CODE In spider man, he would save MJ a lot These Behaviour and actions would then lead the audience to expect certain consequences.
  15. 15. SEMANTIC CODE Connotative meanings of characters, objects etc.. however Im choosing colour and different colours would mean/represent different things. It would depend on the situation/location etc. The colour black would have different meanings such as: Evilness Death Thrill
  16. 16. SYMBOLIC CODE When a man gives a girl a rose. That rose would symbolise love. This would show symbolic features would often signify oppositions and antitheses, and the purpose of that object/item. Valentines day movie
  17. 17. CULTURAL CODE Romeo and Juliet was written years ago, therefore they wouldn’t have the same adaption as they did to modern adaptions When created as a film they have changed the story to adapt it to modern time rather than leaving it from years ago For example in the book they havent mentioned the swimming pool, but when adapted to modern they have as now our days people would have swimming pools in their house if they could. Made years Made in our ago, as they days, more would meet modern as up at the they are in the balcony swimming pool
  18. 18. PROPP Studies folklore, fairy tales and legends in many countries and noticed many similarities In them, for example they would have the same problems etc. One of his theory’s is about the 7 distinctive character which is called – ‘Spheres of action’ Hero Villain Dispatcher Donor Helper Heroine False hero
  19. 19. HERO The hero would restore the disequilibrium this would be done by defeating the villain. For example in spider man, spider man would defeat the green goblin and save people
  20. 20. DISPATCHER This would encourage the hero to start his way and to show people who he really is. In spider man, Peter’s uncle ben inspired him.
  21. 21. VILLAIN The villain would cause disruption, he would try and kill the hero because normally the hero would ruin the villains plans of doing something. For example in spider man the green goblin would be the villain as he would try and destroy the city.
  22. 22. DONOR Helps the hero, this might be by giving them advice or train them etc. For example in hunger game Haymitch would help Katniss win the game by surviving.
  23. 23. HELPER The helper would assist the hero, the helper would help the hero save and defeat the evil. For example in hunger games rue would help katniss by telling her about the bee hive. And helped her when she was stung.
  24. 24. FALSE HERO a false hero would start as being a hero then changed his/her mind. They can pretend that there a hero trying to get closer to a person to get what they wanted and when they did they would then turn their backs on them. For example Madagascar, when the lions uncle tricks him on picking the strongest lion to defeat him so he can be the ruler.
  25. 25. HEROIN A heroine would be known to be a princess , the princess would normally be threatened by the villain and needs to be rescued. And can only be rescued by the hero. That would be the only way where the villain can defeat the hero by using the heroin. For example in spider man the green goblin would take MJ so he can defeat Spiderman.
  26. 26. DIEGESIS The world that the characters would live in. the story that the characters themselves experience and encounter. Where they would interact with the camera because that when they would break it as now they would have a relationship with the audience. For example Disney films such as Cinderella, and how they would live in the world of that film.
  27. 27. NARRATIVE RANGE Unrestricted narration: That’s when the film would give all the information that would be represented, where they would give as much information as possible Where they wouldn’t be hiding any pieces of information For example in the film hunger games, they would show us what he sponsors would say on the paper so they wouldn’t be hiding anything from the audience This would mean that the audience would know what they wee given.
  28. 28. NARRATIVE RANGE Restricted narration: Only would offer a little of information, they wouldn’t give all the information This would then create tension and questions to the audience wanting to know that piece of information that isnt given to the audience
  29. 29. ALLAN CAMERONModular narratives Forking path Episodic Anachronic Split screen
  30. 30. FORKING PATH Forking path is when having two scenes it one It’s the story which can show the possible outcomes that might result from small changes in a single event. This would introduce a number of plotlines that usually contradict from another For example the film called ‘the sliding doors’This film would have the story of having two possible outcomes of a womanhappening to her life when she finds out that her boyfriend is cheating on her andwhat would happen to her if she didn’t find out.
  31. 31. EPISODIC Abstract This is a formal system which appears to dictate the organization of narrative elements. (e.g. numbers) Anthology Different short series that are unrelated but share a random similarity (e.g. all weddings having a gypsy wedding dress)
  32. 32. ANACHRONIC This would have flashbacks or flash-forwards This would have no clear dominance between any of the narrative threads This also means when a story shows different scenes happening on the same day and on the same hour and what has happened to each of the characters between those timings and at the end they would join together For example 4321, this is because they would show different story’s that has happened to the characters on the same time of the day and meet up at the end.
  33. 33. SPLIT SCREEN This is when the screen would be split into two showing two different scenes or two different characters doing something at the same time of the day. The screen can be split into two or more frames showing all of those frames on the screen For example the film mean girls it would split the screen to 4 frames showing all the 4 girls having a conversation this would be done to show their facial expression or what doing when having a conversation.