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Spooky teaches my 8th graders about prepositions, prepositonal phrases, adverb & adjective clauses, and subject-verb agreement in sentences with prepositional phrases

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  1. 1. PrepositionsPrepositions We’d be lost without them!We’d be lost without them!
  2. 2. Hi, I’m Spooky, Miss Santerre’s cat. I told my Mom that she needed to stop boring you with that boring notes-on-grammar stuff. So today I’m going to help her teach you about prepositions. This stuff is important, though, so anytime you see this symbol  make sure that piece of info goes down in your notes.
  3. 3. What is aWhat is a Preposition?Preposition?
  4. 4. Spooky is sleepingSpooky is sleeping on the bedon the bed..
  5. 5. Spooky is wrappedSpooky is wrapped in a a towel.
  6. 6. Spooky is hidingSpooky is hiding under theunder the staircase.staircase.
  7. 7. Have you figured it out yet?Have you figured it out yet?  A preposition is a word that relates a noun or pronoun to another word.
  8. 8. The anthe ant on the flooron the floor capturedcaptured Spooky’s attention.Spooky’s attention.  The prepositionThe preposition onon connectsconnects floorfloor withwith antant andand shows the relationship between them.shows the relationship between them.
  9. 9.  Most common prepositionsMost common prepositions AboardAboard AboveAbove AcrossAcross AfterAfter AgainstAgainst AlongAlong AmongAmong AroundAround AtAt BeforeBefore BehindBehind BelowBelow BeneathBeneath BesideBeside BetweenBetween BeyondBeyond ByBy ConcerningConcerning DownDown DuringDuring ExceptExcept ForFor FromFrom InIn InsideInside IntoInto LikeLike NearNear OfOf OffOff OnOn OutOut OutsideOutside OverOver PastPast SinceSince ThroughThrough ThroughoutThroughout ToTo TowardToward UnderUnder UnderneathUnderneath UntilUntil UpUp UponUpon WithWith WithinWithin WithoutWithout
  10. 10.  AA phrasephrase is a group of a group of words. AA prepositional phraseprepositional phrase is one that begins withis one that begins with a preposition and ends with a noun or pronouna preposition and ends with a noun or pronoun as its its object.. ““Out on the porch” is the prepositional phrase.Out on the porch” is the prepositional phrase. ““Out on” is the preposition. (sometimesOut on” is the preposition. (sometimes prepositions consist of more than one word.)prepositions consist of more than one word.) Porch is thePorch is the object of the preposition.object of the preposition.
  11. 11.  A prepositional phrase canA prepositional phrase can NEVER be the subject of aNEVER be the subject of a sentence.sentence.
  12. 12.  So when you have trouble finding subjects,So when you have trouble finding subjects, just get rid of the prepositional phrases. That willjust get rid of the prepositional phrases. That will narrow your search to what's left.narrow your search to what's left. 1. During the football game ,, I snuckI snuck into the kitchen.into the kitchen. 2.2. TheThe scrapsscraps from dinnerfrom dinner werewere in the the garbage. 3.3. Except for the dogExcept for the dog , no, no one wasone was at home. 4.4. With one nudgeWith one nudge ,, I pushedI pushed the canthe can on its sideon its side .. 5.5. Until the end of the gameUntil the end of the game ,, I could snackI could snack on theon the scraps with no fear of interruptionscraps with no fear of interruption
  13. 13.  Prepositional PhrasesPrepositional Phrases Role of a prepositional phraseRole of a prepositional phrase is to describe a word or groupis to describe a word or group of words that appear in theof words that appear in the same sentencesame sentence
  14. 14.  Adjective PhraseAdjective Phrase Adjective Phrase: a prepositionalAdjective Phrase: a prepositional phrase that modifies, orphrase that modifies, or describes a noun or pronoun (justdescribes a noun or pronoun (just like a regular adjective would)like a regular adjective would)
  15. 15. Spooky attacked the flySpooky attacked the fly on the wall.on the wall. ““On the wall” describing the fly (noun)On the wall” describing the fly (noun) (names which fly it is), so it’s an(names which fly it is), so it’s an adjective.adjective. Spooky drank the milkSpooky drank the milk from the saucer.  “from the saucer” describes the milk (noun) and tells the reader where the milk is, so it is an adjective.
  16. 16.  Adverb PhraseAdverb Phrase  A prepositional phrase that mayA prepositional phrase that may modify, or describe, a verb.modify, or describe, a verb.  It’s a phrase, beginning with aIt’s a phrase, beginning with a preposition, that acts like anpreposition, that acts like an adverb.adverb.
  17. 17. ExamplesExamples • At night,At night, SpookySpooky sleepssleeps in bed with mein bed with me.. • The prepositionalThe prepositional phrases “At night,” “inphrases “At night,” “in bed,” and “with me”bed,” and “with me” describe when anddescribe when and where Spooky iswhere Spooky is “sleeping”.“sleeping”.
  18. 18. Spooky often hidesSpooky often hides in the sinkin the sink  ““In the sink”In the sink” and “often”and “often” describedescribe where andwhere and when Spookywhen Spooky “sleeps”“sleeps” (verb).(verb). ““Often” is a regular adverb & “On his back” isOften” is a regular adverb & “On his back” is an adverbial prepositional adverbial prepositional phrase.
  19. 19.  You know that a verb must agree in number with its subject. A singular subject (“the mouse,” “she,” “the ball” must have a singular verb (“tastes,” “pets” “rolls”) Otherwise, the sentence sounds off, right? For example, “the mouse taste good” is grammatically wrong. She pet me,” doesn’t work either. But “The mouse tastes good” and “She pets me” works!
  20. 20.  Agreement is easy when the subject and the verb appear side by side. Sometimes, however, the prepositional phrase comes between the subject and the verb. Remember how I said a prepositional phrase cannot be the subject of the sentence?  A prepositional phrase is there to act as an adverb or an adjective. An adverb or an adjective cannot be the subject of a sentence either!
  21. 21.  So, you need to make sure the verb agrees with the subject of the sentence and not the noun in the prepositional phrase.  The other cats in my house respect that I am Miss Santerre’s favorite. “In my house” is a prepositional phrase. The verb “respect” agrees with the subject “cats,” not with the noun “house” which is in the prepositional phrase.
  22. 22. When figuring out the subject of a sentence, cross out the prepositional phrases, and determine the subject and verb from the words that are left!
  23. 23. Macmillan English p. 119 #1-10 p. 121 #1-10 p. 123 #1-12 For Extra Practice for Homework PS: Sorry about the homework. She promised me extra cat treats if I assigned homework.
  24. 24. For More PracticeFor More Practice