Sociolinguistics is the field that studies the relation between LANGUAGE and SOCIETY
Primary task of Linguistics To map linguistic variation on to social conditions it helps to understandSynchronic variation Diachronic variation(variation at a point of time) (variation over time)
Scholars What they pursue…Formal Linguist An autonomous system or significant elements that explain the design and structure of the human brain.Psycholinguist How the system works and how it can be learned or lost.Sociolinguist How the system is used in a living and complex speech community.Applied Linguist How to help people learn language and how to use it effectively to deal with problems of practical daily life.
Sociolinguisticsmicro end of SL macro end of SL(explores the ways in which (focuses more on society influences a specific society as a whole, in language of a person) relation to language)
Some scholars divide the field into two parts Sociolinguistics Sociology of Languagethe social influences the role of Language in on language society
In Sociolinguistics is The observer’s paradox (Labov’s) it meansHow can we observe the way people speak when they are nor being observed?
What do Sociolinguistics look for? : Sociolinguistics is looking for evidence of socially accepted rules accounting for variations in speech. in part the characteristics of the speakerThe speech variation the nature of the speech encounter
Different techniques to obtain dataClandestine recording : abandoned for ethical and practical reasons. Now the subjects are asked for permission.Sociolinguistic interview : developed by William Lovob. Here the Sociolinguist elicits examples of various kinds of speech.
Non-intrusive responses : simple questions for studying large population. : likely to prove of social significance. Variable : the most common “tool” for gathering dataQuestionnaires