Old English English periodsMiddle ModernEnglish English
period characterized by invasions and different influencesSaxons, Angles Vikingsand Jutes invasion invasion(5th century AD) (around 878 AD) they theyMixed their Germanic Aported newlanguages words like: sky, egg, cake, etc
Roman Influence (54-5BC): before Saxons arrival: win (wine), candel (candle), etc. Celtic Influence: slight influence (place and river names):York, Thames, Dover Cumberland, etc. St. Augustine/Christianity influence (597): more Latin words (church words): baptism, eucharist, bishop, etc.
French Invasion (1066 AD) William the Conqueror French: language of the court, culture and administration Latin: church written language English: language of the lower classNew words by about 1200: castle, crown, army,parliament, traitor, governor, etc
beginning of The Great Vowel Shift (during 1400 to 1700)Sound that affected the English’ long vowels
Developed after the establishment of the 1st printing press (William Caxton 1476) three major eventsThe Renaissance The British Colonialism The Industrial Revolution
Renaissance Industrial British Revolution ColonialismExplosion of culture, New words related New places arts, etc. with technology conquered, new were invented. words added.