Vygotsky socio cultural theory

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Lev Vygozky Socio Cultural Theory/Theories of Learning

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Vygotsky socio cultural theory

  1. 1. MODULE 5: Vgotsky Socio-cultural Theory Pamela G. Virtusio Uniting Batangas Eastern Colleges College of Education
  2. 2. Vygotsky’s Socio-Cultural Theory Pamela G. Virtusio  Who is Vygotsky, his background ?  Enumerate the Two Main Principles/Elements of Socio-Cultural theory.  What are the two features of Zone Proximal Development?  What are the 4 Basic Principles Underlying the Vygotsky Framework/ Batangas Eastern Colleges College of Education
  3. 3. Vygotsky’s Socio-Cultural Theory Pamela G. Virtusio  “The Mozart of Psychology”  Lev Semonovich Vygotsky was born in Western Russia on November 5, 1986.His father, Semi L’vovich, founded the “Society of Education in Gomel”, and held a wide range of active interest including foreign language, history, literature, theater and arts. His mother was educated as teacher.  In 1917, he graduated from Moscow University with a degree in Law.  Vygotsky completed 270 scientific articles,numerous,lectures and 10 books based on a wide range of Marxist-based psychological and teaching theories.  He is considered a seminal thinker in psychology, and much of his work is still discovered and explored today.  He died on June 10, 1934 at 37 after long battle with TB. Batangas Eastern Colleges College of Education
  4. 4. Vygotsky’s Socio-Cultural Theory Pamela G. Virtusio Vygotsky Theory is that social interaction plays a very important in cognitive development. Did not focus on the individual child but on the child as a product of social interaction, especially with adults. Focus on dynamic interactions rather than child by himself. People thinking differs dramatically between cultures because different cultures stress different things. Batangas Eastern Colleges College of Education
  5. 5. Vygotsky’s Socio-Cultural Theory Pamela G. Virtusio 1. The More Knowledgeable Other (MKO)  Refers to anyone who has better understanding or higher ability level than the learner.  Normally thought of as being a teacher, trainer, or older, adult, but MKO could also peers , a younger person, even computers. Batangas Eastern Colleges College of Education
  6. 6. Vygotsky’s Socio-Cultural Theory Pamela G. Virtusio 2. Zone of Proximal Development  Difference between what child can accomplish alone and s/he can accomplish with the guidance of another. Batangas Eastern Colleges College of Education
  7. 7. Vygotsky’s Socio-Cultural Theory Pamela G. Virtusio I. Scaffolding • Appropriate assistance given by the teacher to assist the learner accomplish a task. • Requires that an instructor shows example how to solve a problem, while controlling the learning environment so that students can take things step by step expanding their knowledge without excessive frustration. Batangas Eastern Colleges College of Education
  8. 8. Vygotsky’s Socio-Cultural Theory Pamela G. Virtusio II. Reciprocal Teaching • A highly successful teaching method, it provides an environment of open dialogue between student and teacher which goes beyond a simple question and answer session. Batangas Eastern Colleges College of Education
  9. 9. Vygotsky’s Socio-Cultural Theory Pamela G. Virtusio 1) Children construct their knowledge. 2) Development cannot be separated from its social context. 3) Learning is mediated. 4) Language plays a central role in mental development. Batangas Eastern Colleges College of Education
  10. 10. Vygotsky’s Socio-Cultural Theory Pamela G. Virtusio 1. Lower Mental Function  Are those with which we are born, are the natural functions and are genetically determined. 2. Higher Mental Function  Are acquired and developed through social interaction. Batangas Eastern Colleges College of Education
  11. 11. Vygotsky’s Socio-Cultural Theory Pamela G. Virtusio  Sociocultural theory considers learning as a semiotic process where participation in sociallymediated activities is essential.  Social interaction emphasized that effective learning happens through participation in social activities, making the social context of learning crucial.  Vgotsky theory was important in education since these works provide tools for the development of individuals learning. Batangas Eastern Colleges College of Education
  12. 12. Vygotsky’s Socio-Cultural Theory Pamela G. Virtusio Vygotsky’s Socio-Cultural Theory References Facilitating Learning A metacognition process, Maria Rita D. Lucas & Brenda Corpuz, Publishedd by Lorimar Publishing,coyright 2007 www.slideshare.com www.youtube.com Batangas Eastern Colleges College of Education
  13. 13. Vygotsky’s Socio-Cultural Theory Pamela G. Virtusio Batangas Eastern Colleges College of Education

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