An introduction to the arts


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An introduction to the arts

  1. 1. An Introduction to the Arts Created By: Pamela Butler
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Visual arts </li></ul><ul><li>Music </li></ul><ul><li>Dance </li></ul><ul><li>Theatre/Drama </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-Renaissance </li></ul><ul><li>It is important that we become literate in the languages of the arts. WHY? </li></ul>
  3. 3. What artists use to express “Reality” <ul><li>Part 1 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We will meet the traditional art disciplines of drawing, painting, printmaking, photography, sculpture, music, theatre, cinema, dance, architecture, and literature. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Each of the disciplines have their own language---terms and definitions </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Part I Outline <ul><li>Pictures: drawings, painting, printmaking, and photography </li></ul><ul><li>Sculpture </li></ul><ul><li>Music </li></ul><ul><li>Theatre </li></ul><ul><li>Cinema </li></ul><ul><li>Dance </li></ul><ul><li>Architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Literature </li></ul>
  5. 5. Pictures: drawings, painting, printmaking, and photography <ul><li>What are They? </li></ul><ul><li>Let’s find out…draw me a picture. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Drawing <ul><li>the foundation of two-dimensional art </li></ul><ul><li>Involves a wide variety of materials--- dry media and wet media </li></ul><ul><li>Wash & brush </li></ul>
  7. 7. Dry Media <ul><li>chalk </li></ul><ul><li>charcoal </li></ul><ul><li>graphite </li></ul><ul><li>pastel </li></ul>
  8. 8. Wet Media <ul><li>pen & ink </li></ul><ul><li>wash & brush </li></ul>
  9. 9. Painting <ul><li>Oils </li></ul><ul><li>Watercolor </li></ul><ul><li>Tempera </li></ul><ul><li>Acrylics </li></ul><ul><li>Fresco </li></ul><ul><li>Gouache </li></ul>Starry Night By Vincent van Gogh
  10. 10. Printmaking <ul><li>relief printing – woodcut, wood engraving, & linoleum cut </li></ul><ul><li>intaglio (in-TAH-lyoh) – etching, aquatint, & drypoint </li></ul><ul><li>planographic process – lithography, silkscreen, & stenciling </li></ul>Albrecht Durer's Lamentation
  11. 11. Photography <ul><li>A matter of personal record. </li></ul><ul><li>The photographer has the choice of size, texture, and value contrast . </li></ul><ul><li>Bring in three photographs that you have taken. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Pictures: drawings, painting, printmaking, and photography <ul><li>How are they put together? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Media – drawing, painting, printmaking, &photography </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Composition – elements & principles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Profile: Pablo Picasso </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other factors – perspective, chiaroscuro, & content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Painting and Human Reality: Géricault's Raft of the “Medusa” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Pablo Picasso “Old Guitarist” Part 1 of 9
  14. 14. Pablo Picasso “Guernica”
  15. 15. Theodore Géricault “Raft of Medusa”
  16. 16. Composition Elements <ul><li>Line – the basic building block of a visual design </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A linear form in which length dominates ever width </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A color edge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An implication of continued direction </li></ul></ul>Picasso’s ‘Girl before a Mirror’
  17. 17. Composition Elements Cont… <ul><li>Form – the shape of an object within a composition </li></ul><ul><li>The spaced described by the line </li></ul>
  18. 18. Composition Elements Cont… <ul><li>Color – hue, value, & intensity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hue – denotes the measurable wavelength of a specific color (red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Value – key, relationship of blacks to whites to grays </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intensity – chroma or saturation, degree of purity of a hue </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Composition Elements Cont… <ul><li>Mass – the physical volume and density of an object </li></ul><ul><li>the use of light and shade, texture, and perspective </li></ul><ul><li>Texture – roughness or smoothness ( impasto, applied with a palette knife ) </li></ul>Giovanni Vanni’s “Holy Family with St. John”
  20. 20. Composition Elements Cont… <ul><li>Principles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Repetition – rhythm, harmony, & variation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Balance – equilibrium in a work (symmetrical, formal & asymmetrical, informal) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unity – means by which it achieves unity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focal area – the focal point </li></ul></ul>Leonardo da Vinci, Last Supper
  21. 21. Composition Elements Cont… <ul><li>Perspective – indicates spatial relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Chiaroscuro – light & shade, gives the picture its character </li></ul><ul><li>Content – ranging from naturalism to stylization </li></ul>
  22. 22. How Do They Simulate the Senses? <ul><li>Contrasts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A personal Journey: Picasso, Guernica </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dynamics </li></ul><ul><li>Trompe L’oeil (tromp-LUH-yuh) </li></ul><ul><li>Juxtaposition </li></ul><ul><li>Focus </li></ul><ul><li>Objectivity </li></ul>
  23. 23. Important Terms: QUICK REVIEW <ul><li>Intaglio </li></ul><ul><li>Lithography </li></ul><ul><li>Composition </li></ul><ul><li>Line </li></ul><ul><li>Form </li></ul><ul><li>Hue </li></ul><ul><li>Value </li></ul><ul><li>Intensity </li></ul><ul><li>Variation </li></ul><ul><li>Symmetry </li></ul><ul><li>Perspective </li></ul><ul><li>Chiaroscuro </li></ul>
  24. 24. Intaglio (in-TAL-ee-oh ) <ul><li>The printmaking process in which ink is transferred from the grooves of a metal plate to paper by extreme pressure </li></ul>
  25. 25. Lithography <ul><li>A printmaking technique, based on the principle that oil and water do not mix, in which ink is applied to a piece of paper from a specially prepared stone. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Composition <ul><li>The arrangement of line, form, mass, color, and so forth in a work of art. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Line <ul><li>The basic building block of visual design: for example, a thin mark, a color edge, or implied. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Form <ul><li>The shape of an object within a composition. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Hue <ul><li>The spectrum notation of color. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Value <ul><li>The relationships of lights to darks in a visual composition. </li></ul>
  31. 31. Intensity <ul><li>The degree of purity of a color. </li></ul>
  32. 32. Variation <ul><li>The relationship of repeated items in a composition to each other. </li></ul>
  33. 33. Symmetry <ul><li>The balancing of like forms and colors on opposite sides of the vertical axis of a composition. </li></ul>
  34. 34. Perspective <ul><li>The creation of the illusion of distance in a picture through the use of line, atmosphere, and so on. </li></ul>
  35. 35. Chiaroscuro <ul><li>Light and shade; the balance of light and shade across the whole picture. </li></ul>