Dreams [pt


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Dreams [pt

  1. 1. # Dreams are thoughts, emotions and the images shaped by us, which are encountered when we are asleep.# Research shows that during an averagelifespan, a human being spends about six years indreaming which is around two hours every night.# It was a dream, that revealed to a scientist the molecular structure of carbon atoms in the benzene ring.
  2. 2. # Some persons believethat dreams have certainfixed meanings. “If youdream about oranges, itmeans good health; if youdream about onions, itmeans hard work,” andso on. You can even buy“dictionaries” of dreaminterpretation.# Various theories on dreams interpretationsexist but the real purpose of dreams is stillunknown. Dreams are closely associated with thehuman psychology.
  3. 3. # Sigmund Freud once called dreams the“royal road to . . . the unconscious,”# Freud believed every dream is a wishfulfillment, He had said that bad dreamsallow the brain to gain control over thefeelings that are a result ofdistressful experiences.# this idea of a “secret”wish being masked by adream remains central toclassical Freudianpsychoanalysis.
  4. 4. # Carl Jung, a Swiss psychiatrist suggested thatdreams compensate for one-sided feelings borne inconsciousness.# Some theories say that dreams involve onesrepressed emotions that are fantasized during thesleep while other theories suggest dreams to be anoutcome of the cleaning-up operations of the brain.# According to the theoryof emotional selection byRichard Coutts, dreamingis a way to modify onesmental schema.
  5. 5. # Then there are modern scientists who claim thatdreams are nothingmore than imagesresulting from randomelectrical activity inthe brain as it“housecleans” itself during the night.# Yet, in spite of modern science, dreams stillremain mysterious.
  6. 6. # Dream psychology believes that the elements of the dreams are closely related to the environment and the experiences one is exposed to.# To use dream material clinically—that is, in psychotherapy.# All you can do is put the dream into words inan imperfect attempt to describe what youexperienced. So, in the end, to talk about thedream you really talk about the text of yourperception of the dream.
  7. 7. # The clinical work of dream interpretation, thereforeinvolves three things. >> First, you need a written text of the dream. >> Second, you have to understand your psychological associations to the various dream images. These associations must come from your personal life, not from a “dictionary” of fixed meanings. >> Third, you have to discover the links between all these association
  8. 8. #When we fall asleep,we effectively go into hibernation mode, adrenaline in our body decreases and, somatotrophinControlling the repair of tissueincreases. Thus healing process of sleep revitalises us.
  9. 9. # The synaptic nerve connectionscontaining recollections about the lastday are also strengthened, This localisedarea of memory is what many of ourdreams consist of, our past recollectionsof the day our conscious thought about itaccesses that part of the brain thusremembers it at night.
  10. 10. REM>> REM stands for rapid eye movement and is thepoints in time during sleep where dreams occur. Theyoccur after periods of deep sleep. >> The most vivid and deepest dreams will occur inthe periods between REM while drowsy, almostconscious dreams occur in the REM stages.
  11. 11. # In a pagan world of myth and blood sacrifice, the Nightmare was a cruel, fearful creature.# And in today’s world, when we speak of a nightmare we mean a frightening dreamaccompanied by asensation of oppression and helplessness.
  12. 12. # In psychodynamic terms nightmares are graphicdepictions of raw, primitive emotions such asaggression and rage that have not beenincorporated into the conscious psyche.# Thus we tend to encounterthese “ugly” aspects of ourunconscious lives as terrifying dream images in whose presence we feel completelyhelpless # Nightmares are quitecommon in childhoodbecause this is a time ofour emotional development.
  13. 13. # Traumatic nightmares can also occur as one ofthe many symptoms of posttraumatic stressdisorder (PTSD).# Therefore, traumatic nightmares need to betreated differently than other dreams.# systematic desensitizationis an effective way to “sow the seeds” of new ways of thinking and actsas a multidimensionaltreatment for PTSD.
  14. 14. >> Dreams Telling the Future!!>> Blind people can dream as well!!>> It’s easy to forget your dreams!!>> Dreams prevent psychosis!!>>Animals have dreams too!!
  15. 15. >> A large percentage of people see the samedream over and over again - the same situationand the same episodes!!!>> Creative overflows during their dreams !!>> Depending on the experience and perception ofcolors we fill colors in our dreams!!>> People who quit smoking have more vividdreams!!>> Dreams are symbolic and do not usually call abrick a brick!!