Global Initiative for Life & Leadership through Seafood
Dr. Ralph Holman (1917 - 2012) A true trailblazer in the science of omega-3 fatty acidsHolman RT. The slow discovery of the importance of omega-3 essential fatty acids in human health. J Nutr 1998;128:427S -433S.
THE JOURNEY• International Seafood & Health Conference in Dec 2005 Washington• Thinking a little left field• International Seafood & Health Conference in Nov 2010 Melbourne• Coming together of minds at Santander July 2011• Launching of GILLS at IAFI Washington Nov 2011
www.gillseafood.com45,000 unique visitors from all over the world this year…….
THE STRATEGY• Become a repository for all Medical research relative to seafood, fish, fish oil• Encourage all Medical researchers to make their peer reviewed papers available for the website• Invite major medical researchers/experts opportunity to engage• Info from Conferences, Meetings, etc• Link to all relevant videos and media
THE STRATEGY (2)• Assist and promote research• Build Seafood Consumption information• Encourage global involvement• Promote partnerships in research, education, training and other activities• Be inclusive with involvement and partners• Universities invited to join
HUNGER –associated fatality compared to 10 leading causes of death (In Millions)SOURCE : MODIFIED FROM WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION
GILLS VISION• Increased understanding of importance of seafood through knowledge sharing• Better global communication from research through industry to consumers• Less hunger and better health outcomes• Increased seafood consumption
GILLS PLAN 2012/3• Increase number of Universities engaged• Omega-3 wellness program• Continuous improvement with website and other electronic social platforms and media• Link with major societies/associations, etc through strategic partnerships• Think Tank on gaps in research and sharing ideas• Global Day concept
HEALTH BENEFITS OF SEAFOOD Seafood is the single most important food one can consume for good health. Regular consumption may help to increase intelligence, reduce the risk of various diseases and disorders. (Harvard School of Public Health, 2006). Fish is rich in omega–3 fatty acids which are known to contribute for the healthy development of brain tissue and retina (Natural News Network,2006) Japanese eat daily @150- 200 g fish
UK Parliamentary Report on the benefits of eating seafood• We recommend that the Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition (SACN) should be asked to define further the optimum intake of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in different stages of life, especially for pregnant women and children.
UK Report Recommendation• While research continues to identify and produce alternative sources of omega-3 PUFAs, we recommend that all people in the UK should be encouraged to eat more fish, some of which should be oily fish, or its equivalent in omega-3 PUFAs.• http://www.fhf.org.uk/meetings/inquiry2007/ FHF_inquiry_report_diet_and_behaviour.pdf
JOINT FAO/WHO EXPERT CONSULTATION 2010Risks and Benefits of Consuming Seafood - Recommendations:To minimize risks in target populations, the Expert Consultation recommended a series of steps that Member States should take to better assess and manage the risks and benefits of fish consumption and more effectively communicate with their citizens:• Acknowledge fish as an important food source of energy, protein and a range of essential nutrients and fish consumption as part of the cultural traditions of many peoples.• Emphasize the benefits of fish consumption on reducing mortality from coronary heart disease (and the risks of mortality from coronary heart disease associated with not eating fish) for the general adult population.
JOINT FAO/WHO EXPERT CONSULTATION 2010Risks and Benefits of Consuming Seafood - Recommendations:• Emphasize the net neurodevelopmental benefits to offspring of women of childbearing age who consume fish, particularly pregnant women and nursing mothers, and the neurodevelopmental risks to offspring of women of childbearing age who do not consume fish.• Develop, maintain and improve existing databases on specific nutrients and contaminants, particularly methylmercury and dioxins, in fish consumed in their region.• Develop and evaluate risk management and communication strategies that both minimize risks and maximize benefits from fish consumption.• http://www.fao.org/docrep/014/ba0136e/ba0136e00.pdf
Prof Micheal Crawford et al• The contemporary lipid malnutrition is most likely contributing to the rise in brain disorders which in the European Union has overtaken the cost of all other burdens of ill health at Euro386 billion for the 25 member states at 2004 price.• The Role of Docosahexaenoic and Arachidonic Acids as Determinants of Evolution and Hominid Brain Development• Michael A. Crawford, C. Leigh Broadhurst, Claudio Galli, Kebreab Ghebremeskel, Holm Holmsen, Letten F. Saugstad,• Walter F. Schmidt,Andrew J. Sinclair and Stephen C. Cunnane
Meat Consumption in Selected Countries Source: AFFA, Agrifood Globalisation & Asia, 2008
Factors Affecting Seafood ConsumptionECONOMIC FACTORS Income PricesINDIVIDUAL FACTORS Dietary requirements Taste preferences Availability of product and time Awareness about safety and sustainabilityCULTURAL FACTORS Culture & traditionSOCIAL FACTORS. Corporate social responsibility & public image Regulations
FISH CONSUMPTION SURVEY IN TAMILNADUTotal number of districts (surveyed) 23Total no. of families 2569Total no. of family members 10694Non Vegetarian 10674Vegetarian 20
Common type of fish preparation at home2500 2060200015001000 482 500 5 0 Fish curry Fried Fish Both
25 Per capita consumption 22 of fish (in kg) 20 2020 15 1515 14 14 14 14 14 13 13 13 13 12 11 11 1010 9 7 55 40
No. of persons having awareness about the health benefits of fish700 590600 516 513500 453400300200100 0 Good Good Strengthens Morefor for immune digestible than heart brain system of body other proteins
SUN: 1,000 Days Fat in the Critical Thousand Days Ensuring Adequacy of Essential Dietary Fats for Mothers and Children in Low and Middle Income CountriesMeeting in Washington D. C., April 2011http://www.thousanddays.org/ Shakuntala Haraksingh Thilsted, The WorldFish Center
SUN: 1,000 Days Global, National and Individual DevelopmentBrain Development and Cognitive Capacity (1,000 Days) Essential Dietary Fats Fish (small marine) and Fish Products
Fish is a Rich Source of Essential FatsLake Malawi:•Dried usipe contains 1,700 mg docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)per 100 g, comparable to salmon•DHA in the breast milk of women ~0.7% of fatty acids, abouttwice the global averageLake Kitangiri, Tanzania (cradle of civilization):•Fish and breast milk of women with high concentrations ofessential fatshttp://www.worldfishcenter.org/resource_centre/WF_3165.pdf
Contact:Aquaculture without Frontiersc/o Carol MendozaWorld Aquaculture Society143 J. M. Parker ColiseumLouisiana State UniversityBaton Rouge, LA 70803 (USA)Phone: +1-225-578-3137FAX: +1-225-578-3493Email: firstname.lastname@example.orgWeb:http://www.aquaculturewithoutfrontiers.org/ Fish - Our contribution to a healthier http://www.thousanddays.org/ nutrition for children “The 1000 Day Initiative”: http://www.eassg.org/ Making the link between aquaculture and the vulnerable
1000 days?The 1,000 days between a woman’s What can we do? -> Fish in the first 1000 days of lifepregnancy and her child’s 2 nd birthday arecritical for a child’s early development. Fish is the third staple food after rice and vegetables in the everydayCertain nutritional targets have to be diet in developing countries, such as Bangladesh, especially of thereached during the critical early rural poor. Being the only animal-source food it improves dietarydevelopment phase to guarantee healthy diversity and supplies multiple nutrients such as anim al protein,development of the child. essential fats, vitamins and minerals. Readily available and cheap,During pregnancy, malnutrition can have a small fish are particularly richdevastating impact on the healthy growth in vitamin A, iron and zinc,and development of a child. Babies who are with high bioavailability. Asmalnourished in the womb have a higher risk many small fish species areof dying in infancy and are more likely to eaten whole, with bones,face lifelong cognitive and physical deficits they are a source of bio-and chronic health problems. available calcium, importantFor children under the age of two, for lactation and growth.malnutrition can be life-threatening andweaken a child’s immune system and make Through basic nutritional educationhim or her more susceptible to dying from and improvement of availability ofcommon illnesses such as pneumonia, this irreplaceable food sour cediarrhoea and malaria. The right nutrition during the 1,000 through the development of day window will: aquaculture in such countries, children can have a chance for a save more than one million better and healthier future from the lives each year very start of their lives. reduce the human and economic burden of diseases By boosting aquaculture & fisheries such as tuberculosis, malaria techniques, helping government and and HIV/AIDS the people to help themselves, we reduce the risk for developing can make a difference. Any money raised late life diseases like diabetes, ... will be donated to improve an individual’s Aquaculture without educational achievement and Frontiers to be earning potential distributed and used increase a country’s GDP by at in support of the least 2-3% annually 1000 day initiative in Bangladesh.
Health Benefits• Life evolved in the ocean - Oceans cover 72% worlds surface – 99% volume of the world• Seafood is the richest source of many nutrients that optimize the development of baby’s brains and nervous systems• Peer reviewed science repeatedly demonstrates health benefits far outweigh theoretical risks• Scientific evidence is compelling that seafood deficient diets are a real and present danger• Prevention through nutrition creates incredible savings for Public Health
Website - www.gillseafood.comFacebook – G I L L SLinked In - GILLS - Global Initiative for Life and Leadershipthrough SeafoodTwitter – 2perweek