INTRODUCTION TOPOSITIVE THINKING Positive thinking is a mental attitude that sees the bright side of the life Expects positive result Anticipates happiness & successful outcome Project attitude to bring good things Believing in yourself and in your abilities. Looking at failure and problems as blessings in disguise.
IMPORTANCE OF POSITIVE THINKINGFOR A LEADER Helps in Stress & Anger Management. Makes an effort to come out of the crisis. Helps in building better relations. Motivating people to do the best they can. Helps people in thinking creatively and out of the box.
WHAT IS ATTITUDE? An attitude is a learned tendency to respond to people or objects in a positive or negative way. Hypothetical Construct Judgments Develop on the ABC model Direct experience or observational learning Attitudes that we accept as children are usually the attitudes we embrace as adults
ATTITUDE FOR A LEADER Have a winner’s attitude. Improve the attitude of other employees or those who report to you. Change the perception in stressful situations. Find the best out of the resources available. Passion for the business.
TYPES OF JOB RELATED ATTITUDES1. Job Satisfaction Job satisfaction describes how content an individual is with his or her job. One of the tasks of a manager is to provide job satisfaction to employee’s. Job satisfaction refers to an individual’s general attitude towards his or her job. A person with a high level of job satisfaction holds positive attitude towards the job.
2. Job Involvement It refers to the degree to which a person indentifies with his job. The term “job involvement” is relatively a recent concept in the management literature. A job-involved person sees her or his job “as an important part of his self-concept.
3. Organizational Commitment It is the employees psychological attachment to the organization. A committed employee strongly identifies with the goals of the organization and desires to remain a part of it. It reflects an individual’s orientation towards the organization.
ATTITUDE AND PRODUCTIVITY In 1955 Brayfield & Crockett made an extensive study of this relationship and concluded that there was minimal relation between the two. In 1957 Herzberg and his associates concluded from the review of studies that there was a positive relation between the two. A review in 1964 revealed that there was low but positive relationship between two. The attitude at the beginning of a task will affect its outcome more than anything else. An efficient person is productive when he is able to do his best in a right attitude.
ATTITUDE FORMATIONSelf Perception TheoryBalance TheoryDissonance Theory
SELF PERCEPTION THEORY:- Self Perception Theory was developed by psychologist Daryl Bem. Self Perception Theory is a behavioral theory.• It was developed to explain how people arrive at decisions about the causes of their own behavior.• In SPT people examine two things while making decisions Behavior Environment
BALANCE THEORY:-• Balance Theory is a motivational Theory of attitudechange proposed by Fritz Heider.• It is an interpersonal theory of consistency.• Unit formation and denial of unit formation (+1, -1).• Liking and Disliking (+1, -1).
DISSONANCE THEORY:-• This theory was proposed by Leon Festinger.• It means any incompatibility between two or more attitudes or between behavior and attitudes.• People’s attitudes or beliefs can be consonant (in line), dissonant (at odds), or not related to each other.• Consistency is achieved by changing the attitudes, modifying the behaviors, or through rationalization.
ATTITUDE CHANGE:- Attitudes can be changed through persuasion and we should understand attitude change as a response to communication.1. Change in Focus of recruitment:- There has been an absolute change in the focus & purpose of recruitment done by companies today. Today the major recruitment requirement is proper attitude with skill & expertise. Skills can be developed among employee’s but attitude is one which cannot be hired from the shop.
2. Develop Your Positive Attitude:-• Listen to internal dialogue.• Learn to Communication.• Get back to Basics.• Help someone out.• Find your spirituality.
• Allow yourself to be Loved.• Allow yourself to laugh & find humor.• Participate in new physical & mental activities.• Follow principles of holistic health.
Belief Belief is the psychological state in which an individual holds a proposition or premise to be true. It is confidence in truth or existence of something immediately inclined to exact proof. It is simplest form of mental representation and therefore one of the building blocks of conscious thought The concept of belief presumes a subject (the believer) and an object of belief (the proposition).
Belief and Knowledge False Beliefs are not knowledge Knowledge can be described as “justified true belief" a belief held by an individual that is both true and for which he has some justification. Unjustified true beliefs are true guesses