Occupational health ppt jinto

2,205 views

Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine, Technology
2 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,205
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
7
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
219
Comments
2
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Occupational health ppt jinto

  1. 1. HYGIENE Occupational Health Jinto George Group – 5 Course – 3 rd Year
  2. 2. DEFINITION: The joint international labororganization committee on Occupational health, 1950 defined occupational health as “The highest degree of physical, mental and social well-being of workers in all occupations.”
  3. 3. OBJECTIVES OF OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH: • To maintain and promote the physical, mental and social well being of the workers. • To prevent occupational diseases and injuries. • To adapt the work place and work environment to the needs of the workers i.e application of ergonomics principle. • It should be preventive rather than curative.
  4. 4. It represents a dynamic equilibrium between the worker and his occupational environment. OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH
  5. 5. OCCUPATIONAL ENVIRONMENT 1 • Man and physical, chemical and biological agents 2 • Man and machine 3 • Man and man
  6. 6. Work Health Interactions Host (worker & family Agent Environment (workplace hazards) (external factors)
  7. 7. OCCUPATIONAL HAZARDS Physical hazards Chemical hazards Biological hazards Mechanical hazards Psychological hazards
  8. 8. OCCUPATIONAL DISEASES • DISEASE DUE TO PHYSICAL AGENT • Heat • Cold • Light • Pressure • Noise • Radiation • Mechanical factors • Electricity
  9. 9. DISEASE DUE TO CHEMICAL AGENT • Gases • Dusts (pneumoconiosis) Inorganic dust: coal dust; silica; asbestos; iron Organic(vegetable dust): cane fiber; cotton dust; tobacco; hay or grain dust • Metals and their compounds: lead ,mercury, cadmium, manganese, beryllium, arsenic,chromium. • Chemicals • Solvents: carbon bisulphide, chloroform
  10. 10. DISEASE DUE TO BIOLOGICAL AGENT • Brucellosis, leptospirosis, anthrax, tetanus, encephalities, fungal infection. OCCUPATIONAL CANCER • Cancer of the skin, lungs, bladder OCCUPATIONAL DERMATOSIS • Dermatitis, eczema DISEASE OF PSYCHOLOGICAL ORIGIN • Industrial neurosis, hypertension, peptic ulcer.
  11. 11. PREVENTION OF OCCUPATIONAL DISEASES. MEDICAL MEASURES ENGINEERING MEASURES LEGIS- LATION
  12. 12. PREVENTION OF OCCUPATIONAL DISEASE • MEDICAL MEASURES Pre-placement examination Periodical examination Medical and health care services Notification Supervision of working environment Maintenance and analysis of records Health education and counseling
  13. 13. Cont… • ENGINEERING MEASURES  Design of building  Good housekeeping  General ventilation  Mechanization  Substitution  Dust-enclosure and isolation  Local exhaust ventilation  Protection device  Environmental monitoring  Statistical monitoring and research
  14. 14. Cont… • LEGISLATION The Factory Act-1948 The Employees state insurance act-1948
  15. 15. Ergonomics • Fitting the job to the worker • Designing machines, tools, equipment, processes • Layout • Methods of works and environment • Ergon = work • Nomos= ErgonomicsErgonomics
  16. 16. MEASURES FOR HEALTH PROMOTION OF WORKERS • Nutrition • Communicable disease control • Environmental sanitation • Mental health • Measures for women and children • Health education • Family planning
  17. 17. What is occupational health care? Occupational health care is preventive health care, which is provided on the basis of the Occupational Health Care Act. The objective of occupational health care is a healthy and safe working environment, a well-functioning working community, prevention of work-related diseases as well as the maintenance of employees’ working ability and functional capacity, and promotion of their health.
  18. 18. Advantages of Occupational health care •Investigates and assesses load factors and hazards and gives expert assistance for eliminating them •Gives information and advice •Estimates employees’ working ability and monitors their health condition •Prevents occupational diseases and other work- related illnesses
  19. 19. Components occupational health services – CONT.. • Medical treatment, First aid treatment in emergency. • Medical examination Pre employment examination Periodic medical examination Special medical examination
  20. 20. . Health counseling . Stress management . Mental health . And Physical health . Rehabilitation programme Components occupational health services - CONT..
  21. 21. • Assessment of dusts pollution • Assessment of noise pollution • Assessment of vibration • Assessment heat radiation • Assessment of radiation Components occupational health services – CONT..
  22. 22. THANKU Thanku….. 

×