America in the Fifties The Red Scare The Korean War Starting Elvia Melissa Ernesto
Introduction The Fifties really began in 1945, when war was over, America was named triumphant. Fathers, sons and relatives who served as soldiers went back home, Eisenhower was the new president, black and white television showed up, Levittown, was the perfect place to start a home, but they didn’t know what was there to come, media was about to began to panic in the following days. The fight between America and Soviet Union was about to began In the following presentation we’ll talk about what happen during the Fifties.
The Red Scare The term "Red Scare" was used during 1947-1957. This period was characterized by heightened suspicion of Communists and the fear of widespread infiltration of Communists in U.S. government. The Red Scare coincided with increased fears of espionage by Communists. These fears spurred aggressive investigations and the red-baiting, blacklisting, jailing and deportation of people suspected of following Communist or other left-wing ideology.
Truman created the Anticommunist foreign policy in 1947 Soviet atomic bomb in 1949 Rumor of Soviet Spies Alger Hiss and the Pumpkin Papers. Background
Rosenberg Case <ul><li>Ethel and Julius Rosenberg </li></ul><ul><li>Accused for passing nuclear weapon information </li></ul><ul><li>Sentenced to death </li></ul>
Senator McCarthy McCarthyism : “ Brave patriotic stand against communism with the support of the media and people” <ul><li>Reformed Loyalty programs in government and media </li></ul><ul><li>Made America believe in him </li></ul><ul><li>Disappointed America with after the evidence of his real background </li></ul>
Causes <ul><li>1910 – 1945 </li></ul><ul><li>Japanese colony. </li></ul><ul><li>1945 – 1948 </li></ul><ul><li>North.- Occupied by the Soviet Union. </li></ul><ul><li>South.- Occupied by the United States. </li></ul><ul><li>1948 </li></ul><ul><li>North.- The S.U. gave the power to Kim II-Sung. </li></ul><ul><li>South.- The U.S. organized democratic elections, Syngman Rhee won them. </li></ul><ul><li>First Soviet nuclear test. </li></ul><ul><li>The Communist victory in China. </li></ul><ul><li>1950 Secretary of State Dean Acheson, speaking at the National Press Club, spoke of those countries that the US would defend with force. </li></ul>
Milestones June 25.- North Korea invaded the Republic of Korea. June 27.- The UN Security Council ceasefire resolution. June 30.- General McArthur was send to Korea. July 8.- The UN acknowledges American leadership of UN forces. July 20.- The segregated 25 th Infantry Division victory. August 6.- North Korean offensive stopped. September 15.- North Koreans retreat from Seoul. September 29.- UN troops marked the boundary separating S. and N. October 7.- McArthur’s UN troops invaded North Korea. October 20.- UN capture the North Korean capital. November 1.- Chinese troops attacked South Korean troops. November 2.- The US Eight Army retreats south. November 4.- A massive Chinese counteroffensive begun. November 6.- Washington overruled MacArthur’s plan of bombing. December 5.- UN abandoned North Korea. December 8.- Truman’s embargo on US goods shipped to China. December 16.- Truman declared national emergency. December 29.- MacArthur advocates atomic attack on China. 195o
January 4.- Chinese troops captured Seoul. March 14.- UN recapture Seoul. April 11.- Truman removed MacArthur as commander in Korea. July 10.- US joined peace talks between the UN and China. January 24.- Peace talks with Chinese were declared stalled. November 4.- Eisenhower was elected president. December 5.- Eisenhower visited troops in Korea. July 27.- An armistice was signed. 1951 1952 1953 Milestones
Consequences 54,000 dead and another 100,000 casualties for the USA. 2’000,000 Korean were killed.
Conclusion Even though World War II ended, Americans had yet another challenge to overcome; the dissemination of Communism around the world. But the price paid in doing so, was too high: an internal climate of uncertainty were anybody could be accused of perjury or espionage, wars across the world in which not only thousands of lives where lost, but the country's motives where questioned, and so were America's well known values such as freedom of speech and thought. In its quest to preserve capitalism America turned into the very same thing it was trying to destroy; a world without freedom of thought and speech, overall, a repressive government.
Bibliography <ul><li>Davis, “Don’t know much about history” Chapter 7: Commies, Containment and Cold War , pp. 400-419 </li></ul><ul><li>Movie: “Good night and good luck” 2005, Directed by George Clooney </li></ul><ul><li>Movie: “Brotherhood of war” 2004, Directed by Je-gyu Kang </li></ul><ul><li>United States. ( 2007). In Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved January 25, 2007, from Encyclopedia Britannica Online: http://0-search.eb.com.millenium.itesm.mx:80/eb/article-77889 </li></ul><ul><li>Chambers, Whittaker. ( 2007). In Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved January 28, 2007, from Encyclopedia Britannica Online: http://0-search.eb.com.millenium.itesm.mx:80/eb/article-9022321 </li></ul><ul><li>Good night and good luck Soundtrack. In CD Now. Retrieved January 25, 2007, from CD Now Online: http://www.amazon.com/Good-Night-Luck-Dianne-Reeves/dp/B000ASDGE4/sr=1-1/qid=1170047800/ref=sr_1_1/103-6377081-1111859?ie=UTF8&s=music </li></ul>