Vision of the Community College –Empowerment of the disadvantagedThe Community Colleges aim at the liberation andempowerment of the exploited and deprived groupsof society by releasing and developing the sourceswithin, middle level skills development andfacilitating self – actualisation. This would lead torestoring the human right to education denied tothem and will also show their way to earn theirlivelihood. The Community College System iseducation for livelihood.
Alternative System of Education• The Community College as an alternative system has been established in India from 1995-2007.• The inspiration and model has been taken from U.S.A.• The system has helped more than 50,000 young men and women from disadvantaged sections of society.• ICRDCE, Chennai is a coordinating agency that has been actively propagating the concept.• The Community College Movement coincides and vibrates with the Common Minimum Programme of United Progressive Alliance (UPA) Government of India.
The Concept• Alternative System of Education.• Making people fit for life and fit for job.• Empowerment through appropriate skills development.• Serving the Urban Poor, Rural Poor, Tribal Poor and Women.
The Concept• Socially, Economically and Educationally disadvantaged groups.• Collective Community effort with industrial partnership leading to gainful employment.• No Age Bar and Minimum Qualification.
The Concept• Training for Self-Employment.• Eligibility for Employment.• Holistic Education.• Community College - Of, By, For the Community.• Formation of Responsible Citizens.
The Concept• Job-Oriented, Work Related, Skill Based and Life Coping Education.• Access, Flexibility, Cost-Effectiveness, Equal Opportunity and Quality in training and education.• Responsive to Local Employment Needs and Social Needs.
National Scenario The Community College Movement hasbecome a National Phenomenon spreading itswings to many states of India. We have 213Community Colleges in 19 states of India.• Tamil Nadu - 125• Pondicherry - 04• Delhi - 02• Andhra Pradesh - 10• Gujarat - 02
Community College - Industrial Collaboration• Success of Community College - Active dynamic ongoing Industrial, Rural, Agricultural, Commercial and Service organisations of the locality.• Five Ways of Assistance• Designing the Curriculum for various job oriented courses
Community College - Industrial Collaboration• Serving as members of the Advisory Board.• Being part time instructors for teaching and assessment in the college.• On the job training for the students in the work place.
Community College - Industrial Collaboration• Job placement for students.• Memorandum of Understanding with employers.• Representatives in the Governing Body of the college.
The Curriculum of a Community College TOTAL NUMBER OF CREDITSCategory Programme Weeks Hours CreditsPart – I Life Skills 21 630 Hours 21 CreditsPart – II Work Skills 21 630 Hours 21 Credits Part – Internship and Hands on 8 390 Hours 13 Credits III ExperiencePart – IV Preparation for 2 60 Hours 2 Credits Employment and Evaluation TOTAL 52 1710 57 Credits Weeks Hours One Credit = 30 Hours of Work
Courses Conducted by the Community Colleges Part I – Life Skillsa. Life Coping Skills.b. Interpersonal Relations and Communication skills.c. Basic Computer Applications.d. Developmental English.
Courses Conducted by the Community Colleges Part II – Diploma Courses Computer Based Course1. DTP Operator.2. Computer System Technology.3. Tally Accounting / Computerised Financial Accounting.4. Computer Hardware Maintenance.5. Information Technology.
Courses Conducted by the Community Colleges Allied Health Courses6. Health Assistant / Nursing Assistant.7. Medical Lab Technology.8. Medical Radiographic Assistant.9. Clinical Nutrition.10. Physiotheraphy.11. Veterinary Health Assistant.12. Yoga and Health Science.
Courses Conducted by the Community Colleges Technical Courses13. Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Technician.14. House Electrician.15. Four Wheeler Mechanism.16. Plumbing Technology.17. Two Wheeler Mechanism.
Courses Conducted by the Community Colleges Technical Courses23. Radio & Television repair and maintenance.24. Small Home Appliance Services and Repair.25. Electronics and Electrical.26. Fitter.27. Motor Mechanism.
Courses Conducted by the Community Colleges Agro Based Course28. Crop Plant Maintenance.29. Sustainable Agriculture Workers.30. Integrated Farm Development.31. Agro farming.32. Naattu Vaidhyam.33. Rural Marketing.34. Orchids and Anthurium Cultivation.35. Vermi Composting.
Courses Conducted by the Community Colleges Service Oriented Courses36. Sales and Marketing.37. Travel Management.38. Office Management and Secretaryship.39. Cargo Management.40. Hotel Management/ Catering Assistant.41. Bakery and Confectionery.42. Food Processing/ Food Preservation.
Courses Conducted by the Community Colleges Service Oriented Courses43. House Keeping.44. Beautician and Health Care.45. Tailoring and Embroidery/ Fashion Designing & Garment Making.46. Small Business Development.
Courses Conducted by the Community Colleges Service Oriented Courses47. Pre School Teacher/ Early Childhood Care Education.48. Multipurpose Rural Development Worker.49. Micro Credit Management/ Community Enterprises.50. Industrial and Labour Relations.
Efforts at Recognition• The Community College System has been working successfully with 75% Job Placement without getting Recognition from any Approved Educational Bodies of the Country. However most of the Community Colleges felt there is the need for Recognition from the State and Central Governments to facilitate the horizontal mobility and the vertical mobility of the students of the Community College. The ICRDCE has conducted Eleven Consultations to further this cause. It is for the first time in the educational history of the country, the agencies that run Community Colleges have devised Self-Regulatory and Autonomous Guidelines to ensure credibility and accountability of the system.
Indian Centre for Research and Development of Community Education, (ICRDCE), Egmore, Chennai.
National Consultation on Community College System in India, New Delhi 27th, 28th and 29th of March 2001
Efforts at Recognition• The ICRDCE has succeeded in influencing the State and Central Governments for Recognition and Accreditation of the system and for Student Centered Funding. The issue of Accreditation was examined closely by the NIOS, New Delhi at the direction of the MHRD, Government of India, New Delhi. The NIOS has given accreditation so far to 18 Community Colleges in the country. Tamil Nadu Open University has recognised 96 Community Colleges in Tamilnadu and it has extended its recognition to the Community Colleges in other States of India and YCMOU, Nashik has given recognition to Community Colleges from this academic year (2007 – 2008).
.Fifth National Consultation held at M.O.P. Vaishnav College on 28th of August 2006.
Union Planning CommissionMention in the document of the Tenth five-yearPlan:•“There should be focus on convergence ofschemes like the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan,Adult Education and Vocational EducationProgramme at Schools, ITIs, Polytechnics,Community Colleges etc.” (Tenth Five Year Plan (2002 -2007), Chapter 2.4 Vocational Education p.51)
Union Planning CommissionMention in the document of the Eleventh five-year Plan:• The Community College is an alternative system of education, aimed thelping the poor – urban, rural and tribal and women to find gainfulemployment in collaboration with the local industry and the community. Thesystem is ‘of’ the community, ‘for’ the community and ‘by’ the community toproduce responsible citizens. The Community college promotes job-oriented,work related, skill based and life coping education. A Community College is acomprehensive institution of higher education, offering educational programsat post secondary school level, which includes courses in occupational andtechnical fields and continuing education, to meet the workforce needs of theregion in which the college is located and also offering ‘bridge’ courses. TheCommunity College is the need of the hour.
Union Planning CommissionIt provides education for a livelihood. It responds to thechallenges of exclusion and elimination from the formal system,mismatch between education and employment capability,poverty, and problems of unemployment, under-employment,unemployment, under – employment, unemployability andschool dropouts. The unique achievement of the CommunityCollege has been the empowerment of the socially, economicallyand educationally backward sections of society in the last 10years. The following measures are recommended: -
Union Planning Commission National recognition for the Community College system is required.Vertical mobility of the community College students through the Open Universitiesand Conventional Universities with the three tier system: Diploma, Associate Degreeand DegreeFunds, Stipends and Scholarships should be provided to the disadvantaged sectionsof society especially SC/ST/BC/MBC/Women/Minorities.Central Placement Cells should be set up on collaboration with Confederation ofIndian Industries and Chambers of Commerce.Community Colleges should be established in educationally backward districts withemphasis on soft skills development. Setting up the Community Colleges can go along way for correcting regional imbalance in the system of Higher EducationInstitutions of repute can adopt neighboring villages and open CommunityColleges to promote vocational / skills training and pre college training /bridge courses.
Eighteenth Teachers Training Programme for the Teachers of Community Colleges in India and Africa held at Asha Nivas, Chennai. 4th to 9th of June 2007
Community College –Different from other Systems of Vocational Education
Community College – Different form other Systems of Vocational EducationThere are various formal systems of Vocational Education in operation in India such as: Apprenticeship Training. Plus Two Vocational System in Schools. Industrial Technical Institutes (ITI). Community Polytechnics. Vocationalisation of first-degree level education at the collegiate level.
Community College – Different form other Systems of Vocational EducationDifferences: Aiming at the Employability of the individual trained. A system to declare competency level and duly certify the same. Promoting Strong Industrial linkage in terms of articulation of skills, requirements of the industries. Teaching of Life Skills, Communication Skills and English. Evaluation and Assessment of Skills. Personal, Social, Language, Communication, Work and Creative skills. Lessens the burden of Higher Education.
IID Community Colleges Graduation 2007 at Kamarajar Arangam, Chennai. 29th of June 2007.Dr. K. Ponmudi, Minister of Higher Education Congratulating C. Pugazhandan, a tsunami survivor from Karikal. Indian Express, Chennai 30th of June 2007.
Release of the Book “ Reaching Beyond”At Kamarajar Arangam, Chennai 29th of June 2007Dr. K. Ponmudi, Minister of Higher Education, Release of the Book “Reaching Beyond” at Chennai.
Gold Medalists of TNOU, 2005 - 2006 Ms. Jayalakshmi, Mr. Raj Kumar Ms. Santhanamari,Ertram Rural Community College Sivagangai Community College Jeevan Rural Community College Ms. Maria Rosali Sacred Heart Community College Mr. Judes Mr. Pastinraj Mr. SubramanianPalayamkottai Community College St. Joseph’s Community College Ertram Rural Community College
Inspiration I made a true estimate of my ownability, then raised it 50 percent andput myself in God’s hands. In thispartnership, I have always receivedall the power I needed and, in fact,have actually felt it flowing through me. Today, I can affirm that theKingdom of God is within you in theform of this power, to help achieveyour goal and realise your dreams. Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam President of India