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MUSIC AND MOVEMENT ACTIVITIES
Theories of Musical development <ul><li>Jerome Bruner (1968) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Three Cognitive Stages </li></ul></ul><...
a. Enactive Stage <ul><li>Physical activity and music are intertwined. </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulates the child’s senses and...
b. Iconic Stage <ul><li>Bruner </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Children begin to use objects and pictures to represent ideas. </li><...
<ul><li>Zimmerman </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“  Singing and chants are the embodiment of symbolic play and imitation. They help...
c. Symbolic Stage <ul><li>Children begin to use abstract symbols, primarily language, to represent ideas. </li></ul><ul><l...
The History of Early Childhood Music Education <ul><li>Jean Jacques Rousseau (1883) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He invented an “...
The History of Early Childhood Music Education <ul><li>Twentieth Century </li></ul><ul><li>Carl Orff </li></ul><ul><ul><li...
The History of Early Childhood Music Education
The History of Early Childhood Music Education <ul><li>Present </li></ul><ul><li>! Childhood educator takes an eclectic ap...
The Role of Music and Movement in Child Development <ul><li>Psychomotor Skills </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop psychomotor s...
The Role of Music and Movement in Child Development <ul><li>Affective Skills </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Music evokes emotional ...
The Role of Music and Movement in Child Development <ul><li>Social Skills </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It encourages participatio...
The Role of Music and Movement in Child Development <ul><li>Aesthetic Skills </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is developed when ch...
Stages in the Development of Music and Movement Music Movement Toddlers -can distinguish among sounds; imitate it; approxi...
Stages in the Development of Music and Movement Music Movement Three-Year-Olds -have better voice control, rhythmic respon...
Stages in the Development of Music and Movement Music Movement Four-Year-Olds -capable of learning basic musical concept (...
Stages in the Development of Music and Movement Music Movement Five-Year-Olds -sense of pitch, rhythm, and melody emerge -...
Stages in the Development of Music and Movement Music Movement Six-, Seven, and Eight-Year-Olds -singing voice at a mature...
How to Create a Music and Movement Program
How to Create a Music and Movement Program <ul><li>Developmentally Appropriate-  Music activities should build upon each c...
<ul><li>Varied </li></ul><ul><li>Individual and Social-  Children should also learn how to participate with others and exp...
How to Create a Music and Movement Program <ul><li>A music program is achieving its goals when children learn to listen ap...
Selecting Musical Materials and Experiences <ul><li>Records and Recordplayer </li></ul><ul><li>Tapes and Taperecorder </li...
<ul><li>A well balanced program contains  </li></ul><ul><li>many different music. </li></ul><ul><li>Have dominant rhythm p...
Presenting Musical Materials and Experiences <ul><li>Use your voice-  </li></ul><ul><li>An ordinary singing voice coupled ...
Presenting Musical Materials and Experiences <ul><li>Use Simple Instruments </li></ul>RHYTHM
MELODY HARMONY
Presenting Musical Materials and Experiences <ul><li>Talk with Children about their music </li></ul><ul><li>Leading childr...
Presenting Musical Materials and Experiences <ul><li>Lullabies </li></ul><ul><li>Folk Songs </li></ul><ul><li>Nursery rhym...
<ul><li>Look for award winning materials </li></ul><ul><li>Deal with reputable manufacturers and school supply companies <...
Teacher’s Roles and Responsibilities
Motivator <ul><li>The motivation for a music activity should include a concrete object, thought-provoking question, and ac...
Planner <ul><li>Preparation </li></ul><ul><li>If you are using a recording equipment, make certain that it is in working o...
Planner <ul><li>Pacing </li></ul><ul><li>Alternate “mostly listening activities” with “mostly movement” </li></ul><ul><li>...
Co-Participant <ul><li>Teachers who enjoy music and sing with enthusiasm, regardless of ability or training, are the ones ...
Observer <ul><li>What parts of the activity generate the most response? </li></ul><ul><li>When do children follow along be...
Integrating Music and Movement into the Subject Areas
Mathematics, Science, and Technology <ul><li>Musical Sets </li></ul><ul><li>Children can seriate instruments from large to...
Mathematics, Science, and Technology <ul><li>Sound Quality </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct simple sound vibration experiments </...
Language, Literature, and Literacy <ul><li>Musical Storytelling-  musical accompaniment </li></ul><ul><li>Song picture boo...
Language, Literature, and Literacy <ul><li>Song Parodies </li></ul><ul><li>Baa, baa, black sheep, Have you any wool? Yes s...
Social Studies, Health, and Nutrition <ul><li>Restaurant Play </li></ul><ul><li>Visiting Musician </li></ul><ul><li>Health...
<ul><li>When teachers make music and movement an integral part of the school day, children’s development in all areas is s...
If You’re Happy and You Know it <ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it  </li></ul><ul><li>Clap your hands </li></ul><ul><...
If You’re Happy and You Know it <ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it  </li></ul><ul><li>Stomp your feet </li></ul><ul><...
If You’re Happy and You Know it <ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it  </li></ul><ul><li>Scratch your fur </li></ul><ul>...
If You’re Happy and You Know it <ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it  </li></ul><ul><li>Give a roar </li></ul><ul><li>I...
If You’re Happy and You Know it <ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it  </li></ul><ul><li>Flap your wings </li></ul><ul><...
If You’re Happy and You Know it <ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it  </li></ul><ul><li>Laugh out loud </li></ul><ul><l...
If You’re Happy and You Know it <ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it  </li></ul><ul><li>Beat your chest </li></ul><ul><...
If You’re Happy and You Know it <ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it  </li></ul><ul><li>Jump up high </li></ul><ul><li>...
If You’re Happy and You Know it <ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it  </li></ul><ul><li>Crawl around </li></ul><ul><li>...
If You’re Happy and You Know it <ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it  </li></ul><ul><li>Blink your eyes </li></ul><ul><...
If You’re Happy and You Know it <ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it  </li></ul><ul><li>Do all ten </li></ul><ul><li>Cl...
If You’re Happy and You Know it <ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it  </li></ul><ul><li>Do all ten </li></ul><ul><li>Cl...
If You’re Happy and You Know it <ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it  </li></ul><ul><li>Then your face will surely show...
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Music and movement

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EDTEG 102 report (2nd sem, AY 2009-2010)

Music and movement

  1. 1. MUSIC AND MOVEMENT ACTIVITIES
  2. 2. Theories of Musical development <ul><li>Jerome Bruner (1968) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Three Cognitive Stages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Enactive </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Iconic </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Symbolic </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. a. Enactive Stage <ul><li>Physical activity and music are intertwined. </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulates the child’s senses and foster cognitive development </li></ul><ul><li>Build social relationships by communicating warmth and acceptance </li></ul><ul><li>! Bruner’s enactive stage=Piaget’s sensorimotor stage=Erikson’s trust-building stage </li></ul>
  4. 4. b. Iconic Stage <ul><li>Bruner </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Children begin to use objects and pictures to represent ideas. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Piaget </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Highly imaginative </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Erikson </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assert their autonomy, yet want to be accepted by the group. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Zimmerman </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Singing and chants are the embodiment of symbolic play and imitation. They help the child move from sensorimotor experience to a symbolic transformation of it.” </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. c. Symbolic Stage <ul><li>Children begin to use abstract symbols, primarily language, to represent ideas. </li></ul><ul><li>They rely less on icons and learn to use systems of symbols. </li></ul><ul><li>Piaget </li></ul><ul><ul><li>School-age children think logically and realistically. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Erikson </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They also have a sense of industry, which is manifested in their drive to master many different skills. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. The History of Early Childhood Music Education <ul><li>Jean Jacques Rousseau (1883) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He invented an “everychild” named Emile. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Maria Montessori </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Applied her concept of the prepared environment to the child’s music education. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advocated sound exploration activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Invented a set of mushroom-shaped bells </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. The History of Early Childhood Music Education <ul><li>Twentieth Century </li></ul><ul><li>Carl Orff </li></ul><ul><ul><li>German music educator </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop creative musicianship </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- children engage in producing and creating their own music, rhythmic responses, and imaginative actions. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. The History of Early Childhood Music Education
  10. 10. The History of Early Childhood Music Education <ul><li>Present </li></ul><ul><li>! Childhood educator takes an eclectic approach to music </li></ul><ul><li>! Childhood educators incorporate a wide variety of musical experiences. </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Role of Music and Movement in Child Development <ul><li>Psychomotor Skills </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop psychomotor skill by striking the keys on a toy. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interpret the mood of a lively music through a creative dance. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Perceptual Skills </li></ul><ul><ul><li>sensory perceptions of music are not limited to the auditory chanel. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. The Role of Music and Movement in Child Development <ul><li>Affective Skills </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Music evokes emotional responses. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cognitive Skills </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Understanding about music is a form of intelligence. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It nurtures other forms of intelligences such as linguistics or logical-mathematical. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Musical Intelligence involves children’s ability to process mentally the tonal aspects of rhythm and melody. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. The Role of Music and Movement in Child Development <ul><li>Social Skills </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It encourages participation, sharing and cooperation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is part of the early bonding process and part of the basic enculturation of childhood. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cultural Skills </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It familiarizes children with the musical heritage of various geographic regions, cultures, and ehtnic groups. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. The Role of Music and Movement in Child Development <ul><li>Aesthetic Skills </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is developed when children ask questions such as these: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How does the music make us feel? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What do we hear in the music? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How can we express the music? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Why do we respond the way we do to music? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Stages in the Development of Music and Movement Music Movement Toddlers -can distinguish among sounds; imitate it; approximate pitches -explore sound making with household objects. - Sing or hum -use primarily arms and legs, and move in response to the tempo. -respond well to large and small motor musical activities that emphasizes repetition and rhyme.
  16. 16. Stages in the Development of Music and Movement Music Movement Three-Year-Olds -have better voice control, rhythmic response, and mastery of song -have names of favorite tunes, can recognize familiar tunes, can sing portions of it. -can play a simple rhythmic instrument with emerging awareness of beat, tempo, and pitch -move n a more coordinated way to music. -experiment with different types of body movements. -tend to be more graceful.
  17. 17. Stages in the Development of Music and Movement Music Movement Four-Year-Olds -capable of learning basic musical concept (pitch, duration, tempo, loudness) -can use language to express these ideas. -can classify musical instruments -can sing complete song from memory with sound control -enjoy group singing games -master new movements and can switch rapidly from one type to another when the word is substituted.
  18. 18. Stages in the Development of Music and Movement Music Movement Five-Year-Olds -sense of pitch, rhythm, and melody emerge -can demonstrate some musical concepts in a small keyboard -enjoy longer songs -can reproduce the melody and have a vocal range of five to six notes. -it has a more rhythmic, interpretive quality
  19. 19. Stages in the Development of Music and Movement Music Movement Six-, Seven, and Eight-Year-Olds -singing voice at a mature level -sings in tune, with a vocal range of approximately 8-10 notes -sense of harmony is emerging -learn to read song lyrics -able to master songs with greater demands of memory and sequencing skills. -musical preferences are fairly well established -may express interest in learning to play a musical instrument -able to improvise movements and match it to the beat of the song. -capable of following more complex instructions, and can learn simple folk dances with adult direction.
  20. 20. How to Create a Music and Movement Program
  21. 21. How to Create a Music and Movement Program <ul><li>Developmentally Appropriate- Music activities should build upon each child’s natural strengths rather than forcing them to fit an adult’s idea of precocity in music </li></ul><ul><li>Pleasurable - to develop positive attitudes and emotional responses </li></ul><ul><li>- Lifelong love for music </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Varied </li></ul><ul><li>Individual and Social- Children should also learn how to participate with others and experience the pleasure of group music-making </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated </li></ul><ul><li>- music throughout the day </li></ul>How to Create a Music and Movement Program
  23. 23. How to Create a Music and Movement Program <ul><li>A music program is achieving its goals when children learn to listen appreciatively, sing tunefully , move expressively and rhythmically, play classroom instruments, develop age-appropriate musical concepts, create self-satisfying music, and value music as part of everyday life (Greenberg, 1979). </li></ul>
  24. 24. Selecting Musical Materials and Experiences <ul><li>Records and Recordplayer </li></ul><ul><li>Tapes and Taperecorder </li></ul><ul><li>Rhythm band materials </li></ul><ul><li>Visual aids </li></ul><ul><li>Puppets </li></ul><ul><li>Song sheets </li></ul><ul><li>Simple Musical Instruments </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>A well balanced program contains </li></ul><ul><li>many different music. </li></ul><ul><li>Have dominant rhythm patterns, repetition, and nonsense syllables </li></ul><ul><li>Evoke a mood (e.g. calm, lively) </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasize enjoyment </li></ul><ul><li>Suggest enactment and movement </li></ul><ul><li>Tell a story </li></ul>What music do children generally prefer?
  26. 26. Presenting Musical Materials and Experiences <ul><li>Use your voice- </li></ul><ul><li>An ordinary singing voice coupled with extraordinary enthusiasm is perfectly adequate to sing most songs for young children. </li></ul><ul><li>Use recorded music </li></ul>
  27. 27. Presenting Musical Materials and Experiences <ul><li>Use Simple Instruments </li></ul>RHYTHM
  28. 28. MELODY HARMONY
  29. 29. Presenting Musical Materials and Experiences <ul><li>Talk with Children about their music </li></ul><ul><li>Leading children to an understanding of musical concepts requires that you identify with the child. </li></ul>How can we make our rhythm sticks sound like a clock?
  30. 30. Presenting Musical Materials and Experiences <ul><li>Lullabies </li></ul><ul><li>Folk Songs </li></ul><ul><li>Nursery rhymes </li></ul><ul><li>Multicultural Music from around the world </li></ul><ul><li>Holiday, religious, and seasonal music </li></ul><ul><li>Contemporary children’s music </li></ul><ul><li>Music for dancing, marching </li></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><li>Look for award winning materials </li></ul><ul><li>Deal with reputable manufacturers and school supply companies </li></ul><ul><li>Use the library </li></ul><ul><li>Talk with teachers </li></ul>How do we evaluate musical materials and experiences?
  32. 32. Teacher’s Roles and Responsibilities
  33. 33. Motivator <ul><li>The motivation for a music activity should include a concrete object, thought-provoking question, and active participation. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide simple rhythm band instruments </li></ul>The Dreidel
  34. 34. Planner <ul><li>Preparation </li></ul><ul><li>If you are using a recording equipment, make certain that it is in working order. </li></ul><ul><li>The children should be seated comfortably where they can all see. </li></ul><ul><li>Teach children a signal indicating that it is music time. </li></ul><ul><li>Strive to reduce background noise and distractions before beginning. </li></ul>
  35. 35. Planner <ul><li>Pacing </li></ul><ul><li>Alternate “mostly listening activities” with “mostly movement” </li></ul><ul><li>Conclude with a quiet song </li></ul><ul><li>Variety </li></ul><ul><li>- Give children a variety of opportunities to participate by listening, singing, using creative movement, and playing rhythm instruments </li></ul>
  36. 36. Co-Participant <ul><li>Teachers who enjoy music and sing with enthusiasm, regardless of ability or training, are the ones who receive the greatest response and involvement from children. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers should enjoy music with </li></ul><ul><li> children rather than </li></ul><ul><li>perform for them. </li></ul>
  37. 37. Observer <ul><li>What parts of the activity generate the most response? </li></ul><ul><li>When do children follow along best? </li></ul><ul><li>How do children use music spontaneously? – Note when and where children burst into song, dance around, or use musical instruments. </li></ul>
  38. 38. Integrating Music and Movement into the Subject Areas
  39. 39. Mathematics, Science, and Technology <ul><li>Musical Sets </li></ul><ul><li>Children can seriate instruments from large to small </li></ul><ul><li>Classify instruments into sets and subsets </li></ul><ul><li>Sounds of Nature </li></ul><ul><li>- Children can listen to nature’s music </li></ul>
  40. 40. Mathematics, Science, and Technology <ul><li>Sound Quality </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct simple sound vibration experiments </li></ul><ul><li>Listening to and observing the vibrations of rubber bands stretched across cardboard </li></ul><ul><li>Tuning forks </li></ul><ul><li>Trying different ways of beating a drum </li></ul>
  41. 41. Language, Literature, and Literacy <ul><li>Musical Storytelling- musical accompaniment </li></ul><ul><li>Song picture books </li></ul><ul><li>Creative Movement and Literature- Connect music with stories and picture </li></ul><ul><li>Can you show me how Baby Bear might go for his walk as you move around the circle? </li></ul>
  42. 42. Language, Literature, and Literacy <ul><li>Song Parodies </li></ul><ul><li>Baa, baa, black sheep, Have you any wool? Yes sir, yes sir, Three bags full. </li></ul><ul><li>One for my master, One for your sweater One for my dame, One for your rug And one for the little boy One for your blanket Who lives down the lane. To keep you warm and snug </li></ul><ul><li>Vocabulary Enactment </li></ul>
  43. 43. Social Studies, Health, and Nutrition <ul><li>Restaurant Play </li></ul><ul><li>Visiting Musician </li></ul><ul><li>Health and Nutrition Songs </li></ul><ul><li>Grow, grow, glow and go – </li></ul><ul><li>Eat good food each day </li></ul><ul><li>Choose some food from every group </li></ul><ul><li>To help you work and play </li></ul>
  44. 44. <ul><li>When teachers make music and movement an integral part of the school day, children’s development in all areas is supported and enriched. </li></ul>
  45. 45. If You’re Happy and You Know it <ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it </li></ul><ul><li>Clap your hands </li></ul><ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it </li></ul><ul><li>Clap your hands </li></ul><ul><li> If you’re happy and you know it </li></ul><ul><li>Then your face will surely show it </li></ul><ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it </li></ul><ul><li>Clap your hands </li></ul>
  46. 46. If You’re Happy and You Know it <ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it </li></ul><ul><li>Stomp your feet </li></ul><ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it </li></ul><ul><li> Stomp your feet </li></ul><ul><li> If you’re happy and you know it </li></ul><ul><li>Then your face will surely show it </li></ul><ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it </li></ul><ul><li> Stomp your feet </li></ul>
  47. 47. If You’re Happy and You Know it <ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it </li></ul><ul><li>Scratch your fur </li></ul><ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it </li></ul><ul><li> Scratch your fur </li></ul><ul><li> If you’re happy and you know it </li></ul><ul><li>Then your face will surely show it </li></ul><ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it </li></ul><ul><li> Scratch your fur </li></ul>
  48. 48. If You’re Happy and You Know it <ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it </li></ul><ul><li>Give a roar </li></ul><ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it </li></ul><ul><li>Give a roar </li></ul><ul><li> If you’re happy and you know it </li></ul><ul><li>Then your face will surely show it </li></ul><ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it </li></ul><ul><li> Give a roar </li></ul>
  49. 49. If You’re Happy and You Know it <ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it </li></ul><ul><li>Flap your wings </li></ul><ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it </li></ul><ul><li>Flap your wings </li></ul><ul><li> If you’re happy and you know it </li></ul><ul><li>Then your face will surely show it </li></ul><ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it </li></ul><ul><li> Flap your wings </li></ul>
  50. 50. If You’re Happy and You Know it <ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it </li></ul><ul><li>Laugh out loud </li></ul><ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it </li></ul><ul><li> Laugh out loud </li></ul><ul><li> If you’re happy and you know it </li></ul><ul><li>Then your face will surely show it </li></ul><ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it </li></ul><ul><li> Laugh out loud </li></ul>
  51. 51. If You’re Happy and You Know it <ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it </li></ul><ul><li>Beat your chest </li></ul><ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it </li></ul><ul><li> Beat your chest </li></ul><ul><li> If you’re happy and you know it </li></ul><ul><li>Then your face will surely show it </li></ul><ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it </li></ul><ul><li> Beat your chest </li></ul>
  52. 52. If You’re Happy and You Know it <ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it </li></ul><ul><li>Jump up high </li></ul><ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it </li></ul><ul><li> Jump up high </li></ul><ul><li> If you’re happy and you know it </li></ul><ul><li>Then your face will surely show it </li></ul><ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it </li></ul><ul><li> Jump up high </li></ul>
  53. 53. If You’re Happy and You Know it <ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it </li></ul><ul><li>Crawl around </li></ul><ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it </li></ul><ul><li> Crawl around </li></ul><ul><li> If you’re happy and you know it </li></ul><ul><li>Then your face will surely show it </li></ul><ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it </li></ul><ul><li> Crawl around </li></ul>
  54. 54. If You’re Happy and You Know it <ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it </li></ul><ul><li>Blink your eyes </li></ul><ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it </li></ul><ul><li> Blink your eyes </li></ul><ul><li> If you’re happy and you know it </li></ul><ul><li>Then your face will surely show it </li></ul><ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it </li></ul><ul><li> Blink your eyes </li></ul>
  55. 55. If You’re Happy and You Know it <ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it </li></ul><ul><li>Do all ten </li></ul><ul><li>Clap your hands </li></ul><ul><li>Stomp your feet </li></ul><ul><li>Scratch your fur </li></ul><ul><li>Give a roar </li></ul><ul><li>Flap your wings </li></ul><ul><li>Laugh out load </li></ul><ul><li>Beat your chest </li></ul><ul><li>Jump up high </li></ul><ul><li>Crawl around </li></ul><ul><li>Blink your eyes </li></ul>
  56. 56. If You’re Happy and You Know it <ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it </li></ul><ul><li>Do all ten </li></ul><ul><li>Clap your hands </li></ul><ul><li>Stomp your feet </li></ul><ul><li>Scratch your fur </li></ul><ul><li>Give a roar </li></ul><ul><li>Flap your wings </li></ul><ul><li>Laugh out load </li></ul><ul><li>Beat your chest </li></ul><ul><li>Jump up high </li></ul><ul><li>Crawl around </li></ul><ul><li>Blink your eyes </li></ul>
  57. 57. If You’re Happy and You Know it <ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it </li></ul><ul><li>Then your face will surely show it </li></ul><ul><li>If you’re happy and you know it </li></ul><ul><li>Do all ten. </li></ul>

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