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Participatory approach for management of Mountain ecosystem


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An introduction to mountain ecosystem, why there is a need to manage Mountain ecosystem and two case studies in context of Pakistan.

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Participatory approach for management of Mountain ecosystem

  1. 1. Participatory management ofParticipatory management of MountainMountain ecosystemecosystem Presented by: Sidra Butt Farah Masood Fatima Waleed Aqsa Aftab
  2. 2. Introduction:Introduction: Mountain ecosystem is fragile. Soils is thin, young, and highly erodible. Low temperatures effect vegetation growth and soil formation .  The time scale of ecosystem recovery may be hundreds of years.  Severe deforestation is often associated with areas of high population density as, for example, in the Guatemalan highlands.
  3. 3. Why there is a need to develop Participatory management of mountain ecosystem?
  4. 4. • Highly vulnerable to human and natural ecological imbalance. • Sensitive to all climatic changes in the atmosphere. • Specific information on ecology, natural resource potential and socio-economic activities is essential. • Mountain and hillside areas hold a rich variety of ecological systems.
  5. 5. • Vertical dimensions of mountains create gradients of temperature, precipitation and isolation. • Mountain slope may have larger habitat diversity. • There is, however, a lack of knowledge of mountain ecosystems. • The creation of a global mountain database is therefore vital for launching programmes that contribute to the sustainable development of mountain ecosystems.
  6. 6. Objective of management of Mountain ecosystem • Undertake a survey of the mountain ecosystem and taking into account the work of existing organizations. • Maintain and generate database and information systems to facilitate the integrated management and environmental assessment of mountain ecosystems. • Improve coordination of regional efforts to protect fragile mountain ecosystem.
  7. 7. • Improve and build technologies, agricultural and conservation practices with the participation of local communities. • Create and strengthen the communications network for existing organizations concerned with mountain issues. • Generate information to facilitate an evaluation of environmental risks and natural disasters in mountain ecosystems.
  8. 8. Empowering local communities and public participation in Sagran(Baluchistan). Palas Conservation and Development Project (PCDP). Participatory Modeling Framework for Social- ecological System Management in Mount Everest (Nepal) and K2 (Pakistan) Protected Areas (2010).
  9. 9. Experience With a Hard and Soft Participatory Modeling Framework for Social-ecological System Management in Mount Everest (Nepal) and K2 (Pakistan) Protected Areas (2010) Case StudyCase Study
  10. 10. ContinueContinue • Present a participatory modeling framework combining hard and soft methodology in 2 case studies. • Based on local stakeholders' demands and needs. • At the local level, particular emphasis was given to considering the needs of decision-makers. • A need emerged to structure a management-oriented research module.
  11. 11. ContinueContinue • Application of the framework showed:  Modeling can trigger valuable discussion among stakeholders  Guidance for management-oriented research  Feedback loops ensuring validation of knowledge • Sustainable development in mountain areas.
  12. 12. Palas Conservation and Development Project (PCDP) Case StudyCase Study
  13. 13. • The Palas Conservation and Development Project (PCDP), launched in 1998 . • It was an extension of the Himalayan Jungle Project (HJP) started in 1991. • It concentrated on the protection of the Western Tragopan pheasant and its habitat in the Palas Valley of Kohistan Distric.
  14. 14. • The following were achievements of the project to date: - community-based organizations had been established in many villages, training activities were conducted on animal rearing , health, nutrition and sanitation. Various infrastructures were rehabilitated, like Sharaid Foot Suspension Bridge, Kuz Paro Water Mill, Kundal, Gulbagh and Harran Irrigation Channel, foot tracks, etc.
  15. 15. Empowering local communities and public participation in Sagran. Case StudyCase Study
  16. 16. • At the inception of the project, meetings with the Youth Welfare Organization were arranged. • Emphasis was placed on approaches that moved from an exclusively health service-oriented response to an environmental management response to health problems. • The construction of pit latrines was a participatory and gender-integrated approach which aimed to improve human health and wellbeing while simultaneously protecting the environment.
  17. 17. • It was conducted in the Sagran village located in the juniper forest belt near pishin. • The project was launched in 1997 with the collaboration of WWF-UK through Joint funding scheme. • The project was sensitive to the social variable of gender. • It identified women as a more vulnerable group in the context of health and sanitation. • In Sagran, there were social and technical restrictions on women’s access to sanitation. • The absence of sanitation facilities implied health risks to the entire community.
  18. 18. Conclusion Mountains are an important source of key resources. Most global mountain areas are experiencing environmental degradation. Hence, there is a need of proper management of mountain resources and socio-economic development of the people deserves immediate action.
  19. 19. References: • • asp?DocumentID=52&ArticleID=61 • management-styles-50412.html • 3/Participatory_Techniques_EN.pdf • ons/1327_GSD%206%20Empowering%20local %20communities%20for%20natural%20resources %20management%20in%20Baluchistan %20Pakistan.pdf
  20. 20. Thank you 