Mountain ecosystem is fragile.
Soils is thin, young, and highly erodible.
Low temperatures effect vegetation growth
and soil formation .
The time scale of ecosystem recovery may be
hundreds of years.
Severe deforestation is often associated with
areas of high population density as, for
example, in the Guatemalan highlands.
Why there is a need to develop
Participatory management of
• Highly vulnerable to human and natural ecological
• Sensitive to all climatic changes in the atmosphere.
• Specific information on ecology, natural resource
potential and socio-economic activities is essential.
• Mountain and hillside areas hold a rich variety of
• Vertical dimensions of mountains create gradients of
temperature, precipitation and isolation.
• Mountain slope may have larger habitat diversity.
• There is, however, a lack of knowledge of mountain
• The creation of a global mountain database is
therefore vital for launching programmes that
contribute to the sustainable development of
Objective of management of Mountain
• Undertake a survey of the mountain ecosystem and
taking into account the work of existing organizations.
• Maintain and generate database and information
systems to facilitate the integrated management and
environmental assessment of mountain ecosystems.
• Improve coordination of regional efforts to protect
fragile mountain ecosystem.
• Improve and build technologies, agricultural and
conservation practices with the participation of
• Create and strengthen the communications network
for existing organizations concerned with
• Generate information to facilitate an evaluation of
environmental risks and natural disasters in
Empowering local communities and public
participation in Sagran(Baluchistan).
Palas Conservation and Development Project
Participatory Modeling Framework for Social-
ecological System Management in Mount
Everest (Nepal) and K2 (Pakistan) Protected
Experience With a Hard and Soft
Participatory Modeling Framework for
Social-ecological System Management in
Mount Everest (Nepal) and K2 (Pakistan)
Protected Areas (2010)
Case StudyCase Study
• Present a participatory modeling framework combining
hard and soft methodology in 2 case studies.
• Based on local stakeholders' demands and needs.
• At the local level, particular emphasis was given to
considering the needs of decision-makers.
• A need emerged to structure a management-oriented
• Application of the framework showed:
Modeling can trigger valuable discussion among
Guidance for management-oriented research
Feedback loops ensuring validation of knowledge
• Sustainable development in mountain areas.
Palas Conservation and Development
Case StudyCase Study
• The Palas Conservation and Development Project
(PCDP), launched in 1998 .
• It was an extension of the Himalayan Jungle Project
(HJP) started in 1991.
• It concentrated on the protection of the Western
Tragopan pheasant and its habitat in the Palas Valley of
• The following were achievements of the project to date:
- community-based organizations had been established
in many villages, training activities were conducted on
animal rearing , health, nutrition and sanitation.
Various infrastructures were rehabilitated, like Sharaid
Foot Suspension Bridge, Kuz Paro Water Mill, Kundal,
Gulbagh and Harran Irrigation Channel, foot tracks, etc.
Empowering local communities and
public participation in Sagran.
Case StudyCase Study
• At the inception of the project, meetings with the Youth
Welfare Organization were arranged.
• Emphasis was placed on approaches that moved from an
exclusively health service-oriented response to an
environmental management response to health
• The construction of pit latrines was a participatory and
gender-integrated approach which aimed to improve
human health and wellbeing while simultaneously
protecting the environment.
• It was conducted in the Sagran village located in the
juniper forest belt near pishin.
• The project was launched in 1997 with the collaboration
of WWF-UK through Joint funding scheme.
• The project was sensitive to the social variable of gender.
• It identified women as a more vulnerable group in the
context of health and sanitation.
• In Sagran, there were social and technical restrictions on
women’s access to sanitation.
• The absence of sanitation facilities implied health risks
to the entire community.
Mountains are an important source of key resources. Most
global mountain areas are experiencing environmental
degradation. Hence, there is a need of proper management
of mountain resources and socio-economic development of
the people deserves immediate action.