50 Years Of Pentagon Studies Support Gay Soldiers
<ul><li>Col. Om Prakash boils down half a century of Pentagon-commissioned studies on gays in the military into seven short pages.
He finds that the facts of gay servicemembers' fitness to serve have changed little over 50 years.
The Defense Department's own criticisms of military policies toward gay soldiers have remained consistent, too. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Studies on the impact of gay service members date as far back as 1957.
Back then the Navy's Crittenden Report found "no factual data" to support the idea that they posed a greater security risk than heterosexual personnel.
Straight officers boasting secrets due to "feelings of inadequacy" were a realer threat.
"The service should not move ahead of civilian society nor attempt to set substantially different standards in attitude or action with respect to homosexual offenders." </li></ul>
<ul><li>In 1988, the Defense Personnel Security Research Center conducted its own study.
The goal was to determine whether their service under current policies created security risks.
"Studies of homosexual veterans make clear that having a same gender or an opposite-gender orientation is unrelated to job performance in the same way as is being left or right-handed." </li></ul>
<ul><li>"The intensity of prejudice against homosexuals may be of the same order as the prejudice against blacks in 1948, when the military was ordered to integrate. The order to integrate blacks was first met with stout resistance by traditionalists in the military establishment. Dire consequences were predicted for maintaining discipline, building group morale, and achieving military organizational goals. None of these predictions of doom has come true." </li></ul>
<ul><li>In the 1992 unpublished excerpts of the study GAO report found that existing policy was "based solely upon concerns about homosexuality itself". The report said, "professional psychiatric, psychological, sociological associations and other experts familiar with the research conducted on homosexuality in general disagree with the basic rationale behind DoD's policy." </li></ul>
<ul><li>The latest data comes from a 1993 RAND Corp. study.
It pulled together the broadest range of data, including opinion of active-duty officers and attitudes of foreign militaries with openly gay service members.
Policy should set equal expectations of conduct for all servicemembers, and "emphasis should be placed on behavior ... not on teaching tolerance or sensitivity." </li></ul>
<ul><li>Civilian criticism of DADT has been largely couched in the language of gay rights as civil rights.