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Tumania Andreea & Elena

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Tumania Andreea & Elena

  1. 1. Geography of Romania With an area of 238,391 square kilometers, Romania is the twelfth largest country in Europe. Situated in the northeastern portion of the Balkan Peninsula, the country is halfway between the equator and the North Pole and equidistant from the westernmost part of Europe- -the Atlantic Coast--and the most easterly--the Ural Mountains. Romania has 3,195 kilometers of border. Republic of Moldova lies to the east; Bulgaria lies to the south, Serbia to the southwest, and Hungary to the west. In the southeast, 245 kilometers of Black Sea coastline provide an important outlet to the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean.
  2. 2. Location Southeastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea and Europe, Danube, Danube, with the Carpathian mountains in its center. Controls most easily traversable land route between the Balkans, Moldova and Ukraine Balkans, Geographic coordinates: 46°N 25°E coordinates: 46° 25° Area Total: 238,391 km² land: 231,231 km² water: 7,160 km² Land boundaries -total: 3,149.9 km -border countries: Bulgaria 631 km, Hungary 448 km, countries: Moldova 681 km, Serbia 546 km, Ukraine (north and east) east) 649 km.
  3. 3. Traditionally Romania is divided into several historic regions that no longer perform any administrative function: function: Dobruja is the easternmost region, extending from the region, northward course of the Danube to the shores of the Black Sea. Moldavia stretches from the Eastern Carpathians to the Prut River on the Moldovan and Ukrainian border. Wallachia reaches south from the Transylvanian Alps to the Bulgarian border and is divided by the Olt River into Oltenia on the west and Muntenia on the east. The Danube forms a east. natural border between Muntenia and Dobruja. The west-central region, known as Transylvania, is delimited west- region, Transylvania, by the arc of the Carpathians, which separates it from the Maramureş region in the northwest; by the Crişana area, northwest; area, which borders Hungary in the west; and by the Banat region of the southwest, which adjoins both Hungary and Serbia. It southwest, Serbia. is these areas west of the Carpathians.
  4. 4. Topography Romania's natural landscape is almost evenly divided among mountains (31 percent), hills (33 percent), and plains (36 percent), percent), percent). percent). These varied relief forms spread rather symmetrically from the Carpathian Mountains, which reach Mountains, elevations of more than 2,500 meters, to the Danube Delta, meters, which is just a few meters above sea level. level. The arc of the Carpathians extends over 1,000 kilometers through the center of the country, covering an area of 71,000 square kilometers. These mountains are of low to medium kilometers. altitude and are no wider than 100 kilometers. They are kilometers. deeply fragmented by longitudinal and transverse valleys and crossed by several major rivers. There are permanent rivers. settlements here at above 1,200 meters. meters.
  5. 5. Romania's Carpathians are differentiated into three ranges: ranges: the Eastern Carpathians, the Southern Carpathians or Carpathians, Transylvanian Alps, and the Western Carpathians. Each of Alps, Carpathians. these ranges has important distinguishing features. The features. Eastern Carpathians are composed of three parallel ridges that run from northwest to southeast. The westernmost ridge southeast. is an extinct volcanic range with many preserved cones and craters. craters. The range has many large depressions, in the largest depressions, of which the city of Braşov is situated. The Eastern situated. Carpathians are covered with forests. They also contain forests. important ore deposits, including gold and silver, and their deposits, silver, mineral water springs feed numerous health resorts.
  6. 6. Bucegi Mountains
  7. 7. The Southern Carpathians offer the highest peaks at Moldoveanu Peak (2,544 m) and Negoiu (2,535 m) and more than 150 glacial lakes. lakes. They have large grassland areas and some woodlands but few large depressions and subsoil resources. At higher elevations, resources. elevations, the wind and rain have turned the rocks into spectacular figures such as Babele
  8. 8. The Western Carpathians are the lowest of the three ranges and are fragmented by many deep structural depressions. The Western Carpathians are the most densely settled, and it is in the depressions. settled, northernmost area of this range, the Apuseni Mountains, those permanent settlements can be found range, Mountains, at the highest altitudes. Romania's lowest land is found on the northern edge of the Dobruja region in the Danube Delta. The Delta. delta is a triangular swampy area of marshes, floating reed islands, and sandbanks, where the marshes, islands, sandbanks, Danube ends its trek of almost 3,000 kilometers and divides into three frayed branches before emptying into the Black Sea. The Danube Delta provides a large part of the country's fish production, and its reeds are used to manufacture cellulose. The region also serves as a nature production, cellulose. preserve for rare species of plant and animal life including migratory birds
  9. 9. Hydrography: Hydrography: Rivers After entering the country in the southwest at Bazias, the Danube Bazias, travels some 1,075 kilometers (almost 40% of its entire length) length) through or along Romanian territory, forming the southern frontier territory, with Serbia and Bulgaria. Virtually all of the country's rivers are tributaries of the Danube, either directly or indirectly, and by the Danube, indirectly, time the Danube's course ends in the Black Sea, they account for nearly 40 percent of the total discharge. The most important of discharge. these rivers are the Mureş River, the Olt River, the Prut, the Siret River, River, Prut, River, River, the Ialomi a River, the Someş River, and the Argeş River. River, River, River. The Danube is by far Romania's most important river, not only for river, transportation, but also for the production of hydroelectric power. transportation, power. One of Europe's largest hydroelectric stations is located at the Iron Gates, Gates, where the Danube surges through the Carpathian gorges. gorges.
  10. 10. Climate Because of its position on the southeastern portion of the European continent, continent, Romania has a climate that is transitional between temperate and continental. Climatic conditions are somewhat modified by the country's varied relief. The Carpathians serve as a barrier to Atlantic air relief. masses, restricting their oceanic influences to the west and center of the masses, country, where they make for milder winters and heavier rainfall. The rainfall. mountains also block the continental influences of the vast plain to the north in the Ukraine, which bring frosty winters and less rain to the Ukraine, south and southeast. In the extreme southeast, Mediterranean southeast. southeast, influences offer a milder, maritime climate. The average annual milder, climate. temperature is 11 °C in the south and 8 °C in the north. In Bucharest, north. Bucharest, the temperature ranges from −30 °C in January to 35 °C in July, with July, average temperatures of −3 °C in January and 23 °C in July. Some July. mountains areas receive more than 1,010 mm of precipitation each year. year. Annual precipitation averages about 635 mm in central Transylvania, Transylvania, 521 mm at Iaşi in Moldavia, and only 381 mm at Constan a on the Black Sea. Temperate; cold, Temperate; cold, cloudy winters with frequent snow and fog; sunny fog; summers with frequent showers and thunderstorms. Winters generally thunderstorms. are from November to March. The springs are short, occasionally March. turning right into summer. Summer lasts from May to August. They summer. August. have a prolonged autumn, from September to November. autumn, November.
  11. 11. Bran Castle was built in 1212, and became commonly known as Dracula's Castle after the myths that it was the home of Vlad III the Impaler. Impaler.
  12. 12. Where was Romania in the past Europe? Europe?
  13. 13. THE DANUBE RIVER…
  14. 14. LOCATION OF ROMANIA Romania is suronded by five countries: countries: Ukranie, Ukranie, Moldavia, Bulgary , Serbia, and Hungary and a sea which is called Black Sea
  15. 15. DID YOU KNOW….? After the Second World War Romania had to give Russia money but it didn’t have after the fight so we gave to Russia a part of Romania which is the present Moldova. Moldova. After that Moldova wanted to be independent so they finally bacame independent and it is the actual MOLDOVA.
  16. 16. QUESTIONS 1. WHAT DO YOU THINK ABOUT ROMANIA? DO YOU LIKE IT? 2. DO YOU THINK THAT THE FLAGS ARE INTERESTING? 3. IS MOLDAVIA AN INDEPENDENT STATE OR DOES IT FORM PART OF ROMANIA? 4. WHAT IS THE BIGGEST REGION THAT WAS PART OF ROMANIA IN THE PAST?(Transylvania, Moldavia or Wallachia) 5. DO YOU THINK ROMANIA IS NOW BIGGER, SMALLER OR THE SAME SIZE THAN IN THE PAST? 6.WAS MOLDOVA PART OF ROMANIA IN THE PAST? AND NOW?
  17. 17. Questions 1) Is Romania in Europe? What are the geographic Europe? coordinates? coordinates? 2) What are the land boundaries? boundaries? 3) What are the several historic regions? regions? 4) How many kilometers does the river Danube travel along Romania? Name two important rivers. rivers. 5) Explain the climate of Romania.

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