Mobile Phone Cultures and the Reporting of Crises and Disasters “The Mourning After: A case study of social media in the 3.11 earthquake disaster in Japan” Larissa Hjorth and Yonnie Kyoung-hwaPage Nelson30 August 2012
Remediation• How did we previously communicate with each other during natural disasters? • Written mail • Telephone • Newspapers • Television
The PostcardWhat makes the postcard the “first step” towardsnew media?
The Remediation of “People Power” Joseph (2012) Allan et al. (2007) This article believes that “new media do not make revolutions happen, they…frame how they are conceptualized and experienced in different ways”
Mobile IntimacyWhat is it? “Geographic and physical space is overlaid with an electronic position and relational presence, which is emotional and social”“Technological, geographic, socioeconomic andpsychological mobility”“Intimate Publics”
Copresence“Being here yet there”“Perpetual contact”YouTubeTwitterESRIUshahidiPerson Finder (Google)
Copresence: YouTube Hours after the 3.11 earthquake,more than 9,000 earthquake videos and7,000 tsunami videos were alreadyposted on YouTube Earthquake in Japan: YouTube Documents Quake
“Social media is faster than seismic waves” Tweetdeck http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_h-To6EXc3w August 2011 earthquake on USA’s East Coast http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eZcLboTRTDQ @JesseCFriedman I saw the tweets from DC about earthquake, then 15 seconds later felt it in NYC. Social media is faster than seismic waves! @RyanPraskievicz I read about this earthquake on twitter before I felt the tremble. New tech beats old tech... Again. @Kandoh Haha! I was able to read about the earthquake on Twitter right before I felt it! I love living in the future.
Copresence: ESRI3.11 earthquake: A social media map was created that“resonate[d] with the cries of people caught up in the crisis,through their tweets, Flickr photos and YouTube videos”Map has now been taken down from the website, however Ifound screenshot of the map in action during the 3.11earthquake
Copresence: UshahidiUshahidi3.11 earthquake “8,000 reports were received via social media about shelters, food stores, cell phone charging centers and road closures”
Person Finder: 2011 Japan Earthquake (Google) The Japan 3.11 person finder has been deactivated but the basic one still exists: Google Person Finder
Limits of social mobile mediaGrief management New media = “too direct and vocal” Lack of face-to-face contact“Authenticity” of social media websites andinformation“Congested networks”
ConclusionPersonal experience with social mobile media duringflooding crisis when I was traveling in Thailand@RichardBarrow
ReferencesAllan, Stuart, Prasun Sonwalkar and Cynthia Carter. (2007). Bearing witness: citizen journalism and human rights issues.Globalisation, Societies and Education, 5(3): 373-389.Bruns, A. (2010). From reader to Writer: Citizen journalism as news produsage. In Husinger, Jeremy, Klastrup, Lisbeth, & Allen,Matthew (Eds.) Internet Research Handbook. Springer, Dordrecht, pp. 119-134. Retrieved from http://snurb.info/files/2010/From%20Reader%20to%20Writer.pdfFord, R. (2011, August 23). Earthquake: Twitter Users Learned of Tremors Seconds Before Feeling Them. The HollywoodReporter. Retrieved August 24, 2012 from http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/earthquake-twitter-users-learned-tremors-226481Joseph, S. (2012). ‘Social Media, Political Change, and Human Rights’, Boston College International and Comparative LawReview, 35, 145-188.Hjorth, Larissa and Kim, Kyoung-hwa Yonnie. (2011). The Mourning After: A case study of social media in the 3.11 earthquakedisaster in Japan. Television and New Media, 12(6): 552-559.MySecureCyberspace (n.d.). Trends in Social Media: Use in Natural Disasters. MySecureCyberspace: Trends in Social Media: Usein Natural Disasters. Retrieved August 24, 2012 from http://www.mysecurecyberspace.com/articles/classroom/trends-in-social-media- use-in-natural-disasters.htmlNguyen, T. (2011, April 12). Social media comes to aid of Japan. Ted Nyugen USA. Retrieved August 24, 2012 fromhttp://www.tednguyenusa.com/social-media-helps-japan/Sternberg, S. (2011, April 11). Social media map plots a Japan beyond geography. USA Today. Retrieved August 26, 2012 fromhttp://www.usatoday.com/tech/news/2011-04-11-japan-social-media-map_esri_N.htmTheAustralian (2012, March 27). Using social media during natural disasters is comforting, empowering, study finds. TheAustralian. Retrieved August 25, 2012 from http://www.theaustralian.com.au/media/using-social-media-during-natural-disasters-is-comforting-empowering-study-finds/story-e6frg996-1226311497275Wallop, H. (2011, March 13). Japan earthquake: How Twitter and Facebook helped. The Telegraph. Retrieved August 26, 2012from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/twitter/8379101/Japan-earthquake-how-Twitter-and-Facebook-helped.html