Presidentiable Leadeship Similiarity Survey A Multi-Dimensional Scaling approach to perceived Presidential leadership By P...
The Presidentiables <ul><li>Chiz Escudero </li></ul><ul><li>Manny Villar </li></ul><ul><li>Loren Legarda </li></ul><ul><li...
Literature Review <ul><li>The perception of Politicians and Political Issues: an MDS Approach  (Sikhiar, 1974) </li></ul><...
Spatial Models for Elections <ul><li>“… it is shown that the new spatial model of elections developed by Enelow and Hinich...
Correlation Matrix
DStar Raw & Scree Plot
PLSS in 2D (does it make sense?)
PLSS in 2D (does it make sense?)
PLSS in 3D  (Let’s view it like a Rubik’s Cube!)
PLSS in 3D  (Let’s view it like a Rubik’s Cube!)
PLSS in 3D  (Let’s view it like a Rubik’s Cube!)
PLSS in 3D  (Let’s view it like a Rubik’s Cube!)
PLSS in 3D  (Let’s view it like a Rubik’s Cube!)
PLSS in 3D  (Let’s view it like a Rubik’s Cube!)
PLSS in 3D  (It makes a little sense if you put axes!)
PLSS in 3D  (Let’s now try 3D view!)
PLSS in 3D  (Let’s now try 3D view!)
PLSS in 3D  (Let’s now try 3D view!)
PLSS in 3D  (Let’s now try 3D view!)
PLSS in 3D  (Let’s now try 3D view!)
PLSS in 3D  (Let’s now try 3D view!)
Discussion <ul><li>- based from the charts Noli and Loren seem to be clustered together at dimension 2 – what’s common wit...
Discussion <ul><li>- obviously most will score in the middle  but those who are from the province (farther from Manila), l...
Discussion <ul><li>- obviously most will score in the middle  but those who are from the province (farther from Manila), l...
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Presidentiable Leadeship Similiarity Survey

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A multidimensional scaling (MDS) approach to Filipino Presidentiable Leadership Perception using a Presidentiable Leadership Similarity Survey (PLSS)

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Presidentiable Leadeship Similiarity Survey

  1. 1. Presidentiable Leadeship Similiarity Survey A Multi-Dimensional Scaling approach to perceived Presidential leadership By Paul Pajo http://paulpajo.com/2009/07/30/results-of-the-presidentiable-leadership-similarity-survey/
  2. 2. The Presidentiables <ul><li>Chiz Escudero </li></ul><ul><li>Manny Villar </li></ul><ul><li>Loren Legarda </li></ul><ul><li>Ping Lacson </li></ul><ul><li>Noli De Castro </li></ul><ul><li>Mar Roxas </li></ul><ul><li>Erap Estrada </li></ul>
  3. 3. Literature Review <ul><li>The perception of Politicians and Political Issues: an MDS Approach (Sikhiar, 1974) </li></ul><ul><li>Candidate Perception in an Ambigous World: Campaigns, Cues and Inferences (Conover & Feldman, 1989) </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign Affairs and Issue Voting: Do Presidential Candidates &quot;Waltz Before A Blind Audience (Aldrich, Sullivan & Eugene Borgida,1989) </li></ul><ul><li>Attitude Attribution: A Group Basis for Political Reasoning (Brady & Sniderman,1985) </li></ul><ul><li>A methodology for testing a new spatial model of elections (Enelow, 1988) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Spatial Models for Elections <ul><li>“… it is shown that the new spatial model of elections developed by Enelow and Hinich (1984a) is statistically equivalent to assuming that a classical factor structure underlies the data that voters provide concerning the issue positions of themselves and the candidates. A factor analysis of the sample correlation matrix of candidate variables averaged over voters and issues provides consistent estimates of the candidate locations in the space of predictive dimensions postulated by Enelow and Hinich, and the factor scores assigned to the voters can be used to project the voters onto the same predictive space with the candidates …” (Enelow, 1988) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Correlation Matrix
  6. 6. DStar Raw & Scree Plot
  7. 7. PLSS in 2D (does it make sense?)
  8. 8. PLSS in 2D (does it make sense?)
  9. 9. PLSS in 3D (Let’s view it like a Rubik’s Cube!)
  10. 10. PLSS in 3D (Let’s view it like a Rubik’s Cube!)
  11. 11. PLSS in 3D (Let’s view it like a Rubik’s Cube!)
  12. 12. PLSS in 3D (Let’s view it like a Rubik’s Cube!)
  13. 13. PLSS in 3D (Let’s view it like a Rubik’s Cube!)
  14. 14. PLSS in 3D (Let’s view it like a Rubik’s Cube!)
  15. 15. PLSS in 3D (It makes a little sense if you put axes!)
  16. 16. PLSS in 3D (Let’s now try 3D view!)
  17. 17. PLSS in 3D (Let’s now try 3D view!)
  18. 18. PLSS in 3D (Let’s now try 3D view!)
  19. 19. PLSS in 3D (Let’s now try 3D view!)
  20. 20. PLSS in 3D (Let’s now try 3D view!)
  21. 21. PLSS in 3D (Let’s now try 3D view!)
  22. 22. Discussion <ul><li>- based from the charts Noli and Loren seem to be clustered together at dimension 2 – what’s common with them? Their broadcasters – so I’ll term dimension 2 as Broadcast/Public service-based leadership – something that you acquire from the perception of the masses because you came from a mass media background </li></ul>
  23. 23. Discussion <ul><li>- obviously most will score in the middle but those who are from the province (farther from Manila), like Mar or from an entrepreneurial background like Villar will score very low on Dimension 2 – (probably because they were never associated with public service and/or broadcasting) </li></ul>
  24. 24. Discussion <ul><li>- obviously most will score in the middle but those who are from the province (farther from Manila), like Mar or from an entrepreneurial background like Villar will score very low on Dimension 2 – (probably because they were never associated with public service and/or broadcasting) </li></ul>

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