Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook

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Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook

  1. 1. Owners Handbook for the vehicle.With quick reference guide.ContentsA-ZOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  2. 2. Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  3. 3. Saloontouring520i523i528i535i540i525td525tds530dOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  4. 4. Congratulations on your choice of a BMW.The better you are acquainted with your car, the easier you will discover driving it tobe. We would therefore like to offer you the following advice.This Owners Handbook contains important information on operating and lookingafter your BMW. Please read it carefully before setting out in your new car, so thatyou are fully familiar with the technical advantages of your BMW. It also containsuseful information on care and maintenance, to uphold both the cars operatingsafety and its full resale value.We wish you an enjoyable driving experience.BMW AGOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  5. 5. © 1998 BMW AGMunich, GermanyNot to be reproduced wholly or in part withoutwritten permission from BMW AG, Munich.Order No. 01 41 9 791 301English VIII/98Printed in GermanyPrinted on environmentally friendly paper(bleached without chlorine, suitable for recycling).4nNotes on this Owners HandbookWe have tried to make all the informa-tion in this Owners Handbook easy tofind. The quickest access to a particulartopic or item is by consulting the de-tailed alphabetical index at the end.Consult the first chapter for an initialoverview of your car. The detailed list ofcontents immediately following the listof main headings is intended to arouseyour curiosity about your new BMW andencourage you to read this informationcarefully.When the time comes to sell your BMW,please remember to hand over thisOwners Handbook; it is regarded le-gally as part of the vehicle.If you have any queries, BMW Servicewill be glad to advise you.Symbols usedindicates instructions or precau-tions which you should definitelyread for your safety and that of others,and to prevent damage to the car.<is used to identify details of spe-cial features.<refers to recycling methods orprocedures.<< indicates the end of a particular in-struction or description.* identifies special equipment or itemsto a particular national-market specifi-cation, and also accessories.indicates vehicle componentswhere it is advisable to consultthis Owners Handbook.draws your attention to functionswhich BMW Service can adjust tosuit your own personal preferences("Car Memory", "Key Memory"). Seepage 57.<Your own carWhen you ordered your BMW, youchose various items of equipment. Thishandbook describes all models andequipment specifications which BMWoffers within this particular model line.This explains why the handbook mayalso contain details of items which youhave not ordered. The differences caneasily be identified by the asterisk *shown against optional extras.If your BMW contains equipment that isnot described in this Owners Hand-book (e.g. a car radio or telephone),supplementary operating instructionswill be supplied and you are requestedto study and comply with them.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  6. 6. 5nPrint statusFuel consumption data are as deter-mined at the time of closing for print. Alldimensional, weight and performancefigures in the Owners Handbook referto the the German Standards Institute(DIN e.V.) and comply with these toler-ances. Deviations may occur withrespect to certain national-market ver-sions of the cars. In cars with right-hand drive, some controls will be lo-cated differently from those illustratedin this handbook.The high safety and quality standards ofBMW vehicles are maintained by un-ceasing development work on designs,equipment and accessories. Becauseof this, your car may differ from the in-formation supplied in the OwnersHandbook. Nor can errors and omis-sions be entirely ruled out. You aretherefore asked to appreciate that nolegal claims can be entertained on thebasis of the data, illustrations or de-scriptions in this handbook.For your own safetyUse only parts and accessoryproducts which BMW has ap-proved for your car.Parts and products which BMW has ap-proved for your car have been checkedfor safety, function and suitability. BMWaccepts product liability for them.BMW cannot accept liability for parts oraccessory products of any kind which ithas not approved.BMW is unable to assess each individ-ual product of outside origin as to itssuitability for use on BMW vehicleswithout safety risk. Nor can suitabilitybe assured, for example, even if an offi-cial inspection authority (such as theGerman TÜV) has approved the productor it has been granted a General Oper-ating Permit. These tests cannot alwaystake into account the full range of oper-ating conditions applicable to BMW ve-hicles and may therefore be inade-quate.In short, the functional efficiency orroad safety of your BMW, and also itsvalue, may be affected if its specifica-tion is altered by installing parts not ap-proved for it. Original BMW parts andaccessories, other BMW-approvedproducts and competent advice on allrelated matters are obtainable fromBMW Service.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  7. 7. 6nOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  8. 8. Initial overviewControls in detailOperation, maintenanceand general careMinor repairsTechnical dataIndexTechnical items of interest7nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  9. 9. ContentsInitialoverviewControlsindetailDriving area 14Instrument panel 16Telltale and warning lamps 20Multifunctional steeringwheel 23Hazard warning flashers 24Warning triangle 24First aid box 24Refuelling 25Fuel grades 25Tyre pressures 27Opening and closing:Keys 34Electronic immobilizer 35Central locking system 36Doors – from outside 36Radio remote control 37Doors – from inside 39Luggage comparement lid 40Rear window 41Luggage compartment 43Alarm system 44Electric windows 46Sliding/tilt sunroof 47Adjusting:Seats 49Steering wheel 52Mirrors 53Seat, mirror and steering wheelposition memory 55Car Memory, Key Memory 57Safety systems:Seat belts 58Airbags 59Child restraint systems 61Childproof door locks 62Driving:Ignition switch 63Starting the engine 63Stopping the engine 65Handbrake 65Manual gearbox 66Automatic transmission 67Automatic transmission withSteptronic 69Turn indicators/headlampflasher 72Wipers/rain sensor 72Heated rear window 75Cruise control 75Everything under control:Trip distance recorder; outsidetemperature display 77Revolution counter 77Energy Control 78Fuel level indicator 78Coolant thermometer 79Service Interval indicator 79Check Control 80On-board computer 83Technical features for journeycomfort and safety:Park Distance Control (PDC) 85Automatic Stability Control plusTraction (ASC+T)/DynamicStability Control (DSC) 86Electronic Damping Control(EDC) 87Tyre Pressure Control (RDC) 88Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  10. 10. 9nControlsindetailOperation,maintenanceandgeneralcareLights:Sidelights/low-beamheadlamps 90Instrument lighting 90Headlamp range control 91High-beam headlamps/parkinglights 91Fog lamps 92Interior light/load-area light 92Reading lights 93Controlled-temperature air for apleasant interior climate:Air conditioning 95Automatic air conditioning 100Seat heating 106Heated steering wheel 106Roller sun blind 106Auxiliary heater 107Auxiliary ventilation control 107Auxiliary heater remotecontrol 108Practical interior equipment:Glove box 109Storage compartments 109Drink can holders 110Ashtrays 111Cigarette lighter 111Loading and load-carrying:Through-loading system 113Ski bag 114touring:Luggage compartment 117Roller-blind cover 117Net in front of load area 117Compartments in luggagearea 118Removable floor in luggagearea 120Load 121Roof rack 122Towing a trailer 123Driving precautions:Running in 128Driving hints 128Catalytic converter 129Anti-lock brake system(ABS) 130Disc brakes 131Brakes 132Winter operation 133Power steering 135Self-levelling suspension 135Digital Diesel Electronics(DDE) 136Car telephone 136Radio reception 136Wheels and tyres:Tyre pressures 137Condition of tyres 137New tyres 138Changing wheels 138Wheel and tyrecombinations 139Winter tyres 140Snow chains 140Approved wheel and tyresizes 141Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  11. 11. ContentsOperation,maintenanceandgeneralcareMinorrepairsTechnicalitemsofinterestIn the engine compartment:Engine hood 147Engine compartment 148Washer fluid 156Washer jets 156Engine oil 157Coolant 160Brake fluid 161Power steering oil 162Vehicle identificationnumber 162Type plate 162Maintenance and general care:The BMW maintenancesystem 163Care of the car 164Airbags 170Laying up out of use 170Legal requirements andregulations:Rule of the road 171Registration abroad 171Technical modifications 172OBD socket 172Recycling:Recycling in the Servicearea 173Returning the car 173Replacing parts:Toolkit 176Wiper blades 176Lights and bulbs 177Radio remote control 183Auxiliary heater remotecontrol 185Wheel-changing 186Lockable wheel studs 189Battery 190Fuses 192If an electrical fault occurs:Fuel filler flap 194Sliding/tilt sunroof 194touring: tailgate 195Mutual aid:BMW Emergency Service 196Starting with a flat battery 196Tow-starting, towing away 197Fire extinguisher 199Adaptive transmission control(AGS) 202Airbags 203Automatic Stability Control plusTraction (ASC+T)/Dynamic Sta-bility Control (DSC) 203Car radio 204Seat belt catch tensioner 204Hi-fi system (DSP) 205Interior mirror, automatic-dip 205Integral-link rearsuspension 206Latent heat store 206Self-levelling suspension 207Rain sensor 207Tyre pressure control (RDC) 208Xenon headlamps 208Water- and dirt-repellentwindscreen 209Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  12. 12. 11nTechnicaldataIndexEngine data 212Fuel consumption, carbon diox-ide/O emissions 213Dimensions 215Weights 217Performance 221Filling capacities 223Electrical system 224V-belts 224From A to Z 228Minor repairs from A to Z 234Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  13. 13. 12nOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  14. 14. Initial overviewControls in detailOperation, maintenanceand general careMinor repairsTechnical dataIndexTechnical items of interest13nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataDriving area 14Instrument panel 16Telltale and warning lights 20Multi-functional steering wheel(MFL) 23Hazard warning flashers 24Warning triangle 24First aid kit 24Refuelling 25Fuel grade 25Tyre pressures 27Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  15. 15. 14n390de001Driving areaOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  16. 16. 15nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalData1 Sidelights/low beam (dipped)headlamps 902 d Flashing turn indicators 72> Parking lights 91> High-beam headlamps 91> Headlight flasher 72> Computer 833 Fog lights 924 Wipers/washer 725 Central locking system 366 Hazard warning flashers 247 Heated rear window 758 Horn, entire surface9 Electric steering wheeladjustment* 53Driving areaOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  17. 17. 16nInstrument panel390de338Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  18. 18. 17nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataInstrument panelThere are two versions, depending onyour cars equipment1 Fuel display with telltale to indicatewhen fuel is running out 782 Flashing turn indicator repeater 223 Speedometer4 High beam telltale 225 Revolution counter and EnergyControl 77, 786 Engine coolant thermometer withtelltale "Coolant temperature toohigh" 797 Telltale and warning lights (arrangedclockwise) for> Handbrake/brake hydraulics, Dy-namic Brake Control (DBC)* 22> Anti-lock brake system (ABS) 21> Brake pads 21> Tyre pressure control (RDC)* 22> Airbags 21> Automatic transmission* 21> Fasten seat belts 21> Cruise control* 228 Selector lever position and pro-gram displays for automatictransmission* 67Service Interval indicator 799 Computer display –For operation from turn indicatorlever, see page 83:> Outside temperature> Average fuel consumption,> Before refuelling> Average speed10 Telltale/warning lights for> Automatic Stability Control plusTraction (ASC+T)/Dynamic Stabil-ity Control (DSC)* 21> Self-levelling suspension* 2211 Distance recorder (odometer) andtrip distance recorder 7712 Display for Check Control 8013 Trip distance control zeroing 7714 Telltale and warning lights (arrangedclockwise) for> Fog lights* 22> Rear fog lights* 22> Battery charge 20> Engine oil level/pressure 20> Electronic engine output control(EML) 22> Diesel engine preheat/DigitalDiesel Electronics (DDE)* 22> Engine management 22You can also have outside tem-perature and the distance covereddisplayed in another unit of measure-ment.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  19. 19. 18nInstrument panel*390de339Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  20. 20. 19nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataInstrument panel*There are two versions, depending onyour cars equipment1 Fuel display with telltale to indicatewhen fuel is running out 782 Flashing turn indicator repeater 223 Speedometer4 High beam telltale 225 Revolution counter and EnergyControl 776 Coolant thermometer 797 Telltale and warning lights (arrangedclockwise) for> Handbrake 21> Brake hydraulics/Dynamic BrakeControl (DBC)* 22> Anti-lock brake system (ABS) 21> Airbags 21> Fasten seat belts 21> Cruise control* 228 Check Control button 799 Selector lever position and pro-gram displays for automatictransmission* 67, 6910 Otside temperature display 7711 Telltale for Automatic Stability Con-trol plus Traction (ASC+T)/DynamicStability Control (DSC)* 2112 Trip distance recorder 7713 Display for> Check Control 80> Computer: see radio operatinginstructionsand on version with multi-func-tional steering wheel (MFL), alsofor> Radio and telephone, see sepa-rate operating instructions14 Odometer (distance recorder) 7715 Service Interval indicator 7916 Trip distance control zeroing 7717 Telltale and warning lights (arrangedclockwise) for> Fog lights* 22> Rear fog lights* 22> Battery charge 20> Engine oil pressure 20> Engine management 22You can also have the outsidetemperature displayed in differentunits of measurement or the CheckControl messages and computer infor-mation displayed in a different lan-guage.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  21. 21. 20nTelltale and warning lightsTechnical equipment thatmonitors itselfNumerous systems on your BMW areself-monitoring, both when starting andduring the journey. The function of tell-tale and warning lights marked "q" ischecked when the ignition is switchedon. They come on once for varying peri-ods.If a defect occurs in one of the systems,the corresponding light will remain onwhen the engine is started or will comeon again during the journey. The correctresponse on your part to this is de-scribed below.Red: stop as soon as possibleBattery charge qThe battery is not beingcharged. The alternator V-belt isdefective or there is a fault in the alter-nator charging circuit. Consult the near-est BMW Service.If the V-belt is defective, do notcontinue the journey, as there is arisk of the engine overheating and suf-fering damage. A defective V-belt alsoincreases the effort needed to turn thesteering wheel.<Engine oil pressure qThe message "STOP! ENGINEOIL PRESS" may also appear inthe Check Control*: Stop immediatelyand switch off the engine. Checkengine oil level and top up if necessary.If the oil level is correct: Consult thenearest BMW Service.Do not continue the journey, asthe engine may otherwise be dam-aged by inadequate lubrication.<Tyre Pressure Control (RDC)* qA gong signal is also heard: thetyre is punctured or otherwisedamaged. Immediately reduce speedand stop, avoiding violent braking andsudden steering wheel movements.Further details: page 88Brake hydraulics qIf light remains on after releasinghandbrake: have the brake fluidlevel checked. Before continuing onyour journey, read instructions onpages 132 and 161.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  22. 22. 21nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataTelltale and warning lightsYellow: stop as soon as possibleEngine oil level*If light comes on during journey:stop immediately and switch offthe engine. The engine oil is at its abso-lute minimum permitted level.Do not continue the journey, asthe engine may otherwise be dam-aged by inadequate lubrication.<Red: important reminderHandbrake* qLights up when handbrake is ap-plied. Further details: page 65.Handbrake* qLights up when handbrake is ap-plied. Further details: page 65.Also lights up when the message"CHECK BRAKE LININGS" appears onthe Check Control.Fasten seat beltsqDepending on the version, a sig-nal sounds at the same time* ora message appears* in the Check Con-trol display. Comes on for several sec-onds or, depending on version, until theseat belts are fastened. Further details:page 58.Airbags qPlease arrange for the problemto be examined by BMW Serv-ice. Further details: page 59, 203.Yellow: have a check performedsoonAnti-lock brake system (ABS) qABS is switched off because afault has developed. Normalbrake action is not affected (no restric-tions). Please arrange for the problemto be examined by BMW Service. Fur-ther details: page 130.Engine oil level*If light comes on when engine isswitched off: check engine oillevel. Further details: page 157.Automatic transmission* qA fault has caused the auto-matic transmission to switch tothe emergency-run program. Pleaseconsult your nearest BMW Service.Further details: page 68.Brake pads* qCheck the condition of yourbrake pads. Further details:page 133.Automatic Stability Control plusTraction (ASC+T)/DynamicStability Control (DSC)* qASC+T/DSC has been switched off bypressing the control button, or due to afault. If there is a fault, please have itchecked by BMW Service. Further de-tails: page 86.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  23. 23. 22nTelltale and warning lightsDynamic Brake Control (DBC)* qMalfunction in DBC system. Nor-mal brake action is not affected(no restrictions). Further details:page 132.Tyre Pressure Control (RDC)* qTo check tyre pressures, seepage 27, 88.Self-levelling suspension* qThe self-levelling suspension isout of action. Please consultyour nearest BMW Service. Further de-tails: page 135.Engine management system qEngine control system malfunc-tion. Please arrange for theproblem to be examined by BMW Serv-ice.Electronic engine output control(EML)* qEML malfunction. Higher pedalpressure and longer pedal travel maybe needed when braking. Please ar-range for the problem to be examinedby BMW Service.Digital Diesel Electronics(DDE)* qIf light comes on during journey:please arrange for the problem to beexamined by BMW Service. Further de-tails: page 136.Yellow: for your informationRear foglights*Lights up when the rear foglights are switched on. Furtherdetails: page 92.Diesel engine preheat* qDo not start the engine until thelight has gone out. Further de-tails: page 63.Green: for your informationFlashing turn indicatorsFlashes rhythmically when a turnis selected; also applies totrailer if one is being towed. Rapidflashing: system malfunction. Furtherdetails: page 72.Cruise control*Comes on when the system isswitched on: Ready to operateusing the multi-function steering wheel.Further details: page 75.Fog lights*Lights up when the foglights areswitched on. Further details:page 92.Blue: for your informationHigh-beam headlampsComes on when the high head-lamp beams are in use or theheadlamp flasher is used. Further de-tails: page 72, 91Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  24. 24. 23nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataMultifunctional steering wheel (MFL)*Integrated into the multifunctionalsteering wheel (MFL) are buttons topermit the following functions to be per-formed quickly and without the driversattention being distracted from thetraffic:> Various radio functions> Recirculated-air mode for air condi-tioning or> Heated steering wheel> Cruise control> Some telephone functions.The systems in question must beswitched on before they can becontrolled from the multifunctionalsteering wheel.<The illustration shows a full set of con-trols. For further details, please refer tothe description of the item concerned.1 Telephone: accepting call, startingdialling or terminating call. Withvoice input*: switching on and off2 Radio/telephone: change overswitch3 Radio/telephone: search in reverseor station keys (or browse in list ofnames)4 Radio/telephone: volume control5 Radio/telephone: search forwardsor station keys (or browse in list ofnames)390de1106 Horn, entire surface7 Cruise control: recall8 Cruise control: memorise andaccelerate (+), decelerate andmemorise (–)9 Cruise control: activate/interrupt/de-activate10 Recirculated air and AUC or steer-ing wheel heating: switching on andoff.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  25. 25. 24nHazard warning flashers Warning triangle* First aid box*The pushbutton lights up in a regularrhythm when the hazard warning flash-ers are operating.When the cars lights are in use, thepushbutton is also lit so that it can belocated more easily after dark.The turn signals have priority overthe hazard warning lights. For thisreason, from ignition key setting 1, youare able to operate the turn signals,even if the hazard warning lights areswitched on.<390de039The warning triangle is kept in the toolholder in the luggage compartment lidor tailgate, and easily reached whenneeded.To open the toolkit, unscrew the wingbolt(s).Please note that you may be re-quired by law to carry a warningtriangle in the car.<394de053Under the front passengers seat.To remove: lift up the pushbutton catchat the front (arrow) and pull the first aidkit forwards out of its holder.To replace in position: insert the first aidkit in its holder and push to the rear untilthe catch engages.Certain of the items in the first aidkit have a limited useful life. Thecontents should therefore be checkedregularly and life-expired items re-placed. Replacements can be obtainedfrom any pharmacy.Comply with legal requirements con-cerning the need to carry a first-aid boxin the car.<390de086Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  26. 26. 25nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataRefuelling Fuel gradePress front edge of fuel filler flap toopen.To release the fuel filler flap if the cen-tral locking system has failed, seepage 194.When handling fuel, comply withthe safety regulations displayedby garages and filling stations.<394de011Place the screw cap in the holder onthe flap.When refuelling, insert the filler nozzlefully into the filler neck. If the fillernozzle is raised during refuelling,> the supply of fuel will be cut off pre-maturely> and on filler nozzles with fuel vapourrecovery, the recirculating functionwill be less effective.394de120Spark-ignition engine withcatalytic converterThe engine should be run exclusively onunleaded fuel. Since the engines have aknock control function, they can run ondifferent grades of fuel.Your BMWs engine is rated to run on:> Super Plus/premium plus fuel (octanenumber 98, Research Method).Fill up with petrol of this grade when-ever possible, so that the nominal per-formance and fuel consumption valuesare achieved.You can also run the engine on:> Premium-grade unleaded fuel (oc-tane number 95, Research Method).This fuel is also known as:DIN EN 228 or Euro-Super.The minimum permissible grade is:> Regular-grade unleaded fuel (octanenumber 91, Research Method).In view of the engine ratings, you arerecommended to use this fuel only inexceptional circumstances.Never use fuel containing lead ifthe car is equipped with a catalyticconverter, otherwise the lambda probeand the converter will be permanentlydamaged.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  27. 27. 26nFuel gradeSpark-ignition engines withoutcatalytic converter*(the catalytic converter can be retro-fitted)The engine is designed to run on bothunleaded and leaded fuel. Since theengines have a knock control function,they can run on different grades of fuel.Your BMWs engine is rated to run on:> Super Plus/premium plus unleadedfuel (octane number 98, ResearchMethod) or> Super Plus/premium plus leaded fuel(octane number 98, ResearchMethod). Super (premium) grade pet-rol (gasoline) can be identified by itsconformity with German IndustrialStandard DIN 51 600.Fill up with petrol of this grade when-ever possible, so that the nominal per-formance and fuel consumption valuesare achieved.You can also run the engine on:> Premium-grade unleaded fuel (oc-tane number 95, Research Method).This fuel is also known as:DIN EN 228 or Euro-Super.The minimum permissible grade is:> Regular-grade unleaded or leadedfuel (octane number 91, ResearchMethod).In view of the engine ratings, you arerecommended to use this fuel only inexceptional circumstances.Diesel engines> Diesel oil to DIN EN 590 standard.For winter-grade diesel oil, seepage 133.Do not use rapeseed oil methylester (RME) or Biodiesel, or yourisk damaging the engine.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  28. 28. 27nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataTyre pressuresTyre pressures are also shown on thedrivers door post (visible when thedoor is open).Checking tyre pressuresAll pressure values in the table (see alsothe following pages) are in bar (poundsper square inch in brackets) and arequoted for cold tyres (cold = no higherthan ambient temperature).When towing a trailer, always use thevalues for the higher load.Cars with Tyre Pressure Control(RDC)*:After correcting tyre pressures, re-acti-vate the system; see page 88.390de351Check tyre pressures regularly (atleast every two weeks and beforestarting a long journey). Incorrect tyrepressures can adversely affect the carsroadholding and cause tyre damage,which could result in an accident.Remember to check the spare wheeltyre pressure as well. It should be at thehighest pressure needed for any of yourcars tyres.<Make sure that only approvedtyres are fittedThese tyre pressures apply to makes oftyre approved by BMW and known toBMW Service. If other makes of tyre arefitted to the car, higher tyre pressuresmay be needed. Approved tyre sizesare shown on page 141 onwards.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  29. 29. 28nTyre pressuresBMWsaloonTyre size525td205/65 R 15 94 H225/60 R 15 96 V225/55 R 16 95 V1.9(27.0)2.1(29.8)2.1(29.8)2.6(37.0)235/45 R 17 94 W/Y255/40 R 17 94 W/Y1.9(27.0)–2.1(29.8)2.1(29.8)2.1(29.8)–2.6(37.0)2.6(37.0)205/65 R 15 94 Q/T/H M+S225/60 R 15 96 Q/T/H M+S225/55 R 16 95 Q/T/H M+S235/45 R 17 94 Q/T/H M+S2.1(29.8)2.3(32.7)2.3(32.7)2.8(39.8)520i523i525tds205/65 R 15 94 V225/60 R 15 96 V225/55 R 16 95 V1.9(27.0)2.3(32.7)2.3(32.7)2.8(39.8)235/45 R 17 94 W/Y255/40 R 17 94 W/Y1.9(27.0)–2.3(32.7)2.3(32.7)2.3(32.7)–2.8(39.8)2.8(39.8)205/65 R 15 94 Q/T/H M+S225/60 R 15 96 Q/T/H M+S225/55 R 16 95 Q/T/H M+S235/45 R 17 94 Q/T/H M+S2.1(29.8)2.5(35.6)2.5(35.6)3.0(42.7)Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  30. 30. 29nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataTyre pressures528i530d225/60 R 15 96 W225/55 R 16 95 W2.0(28.5)2.4(34.1)2.5(35.6)3.0(42.7)235/45 R 17 94 W/Y255/40 R 17 94 W/Y2.2(31.3)–2.6(37.0)2.6(37.0)2.7(38.4)–3.2(45.5)3.2(45.5)205/65 R 15 94 Q/T/H M+S225/60 R 15 96 Q/T/H M+S225/55 R 16 95 Q/T/H M+S235/45 R 17 94 Q/T/H M+S2.2(31.3)2.6(37.0)2.7(38.4)3.2(45.5)535i540i225/55 R 16 95 W 2.3(32.7)2.6(37.0)2.7(38.4)3.2(45.5)235/45 R 17 94 W/Y255/40 R 17 94 W/Y2.5(35.6)–2.8(39.8)2.8(39.8)2.9(41.2)–3.4(48.4)3.4(48.4)225/55 R 16 95 Q/T/H M+S235/45 R 17 94 Q/T/H M+S2.5(35.6)2.8(39.8)2.9(41.2)3.4(48.4)BMWsaloonTyre sizeOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  31. 31. 30nTyre pressuresTyre size 205/65 R 15 94 V is notapproved for the BMW 523i touring.<BMWtouringTyre size520i523i525tds205/65 R 15 94 V225/60 R 15 96 V225/55 R 16 95 V235/45 R 17 94 W/Y2.0(28.5)2.4(34.1)2.6(37.0)3.1(44.1)205/65 R 15 94 Q/T/H M+S225/60 R 15 96 Q/T/H M+S225/55 R 16 95 Q/T/H M+S235/45 R 17 94 Q/T/H M+S2.2(31.3)2.6(37.0)2.8(39.8)3.3(46.9)528i530d225/60 R 15 96 W225/55 R 16 95 W2.1(29.8)2.5(35.6)2.6(37.0)3.1(44.1)235/45 R 17 94 W/Y225/60 R 15 96 Q/T/H M+S225/55 R 16 95 Q/T/H M+S235/45 R 17 94 Q/T/H M+S2.3(32.7)2.7(38.4)2.8(39.8)3.3(46.9)540i225/55 R 16 95 W235/45 R 17 94 Y225/55 R 16 95 Q/T/H M+S235/45 R 17 94 Q/T/H M+S2.4(34.1)2.8(39.8)2.8(39.8)3.3(46.9)Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  32. 32. 31nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  33. 33. 32nOpening and closing:Keys 34Electronic immobiliser 35Central locking system 36Doors – from outside 36Radio remote control 37Doors – from inside 39Luggage compartment lid 40Rear window 41Load area 43Alarm system 44Electric windows 46Sliding/tilting sunroof 47Adjusting:Seats 49Steering wheel 52Mirrors 53Seat, mirror and steering wheelposition memory 55Safety systems:Seat belts 58Airbags 59Child restraint systems 61Childproof door locks 62Driving:Ignition switch 63Starting the engine 63Stopping the engine 65Handbrake 65Manual gearbox 66Automatic transmission 67Automatic transmission withSteptronic 69Turn indicators/headlampflasher 72Wipers/rain sensor 72Heated rear window 75Cruise control 75Everything under control:Trip distance recorder; outsidetemperature display 77Revolution counter 77Energy Control 78Fuel gauge 78Coolant thermometer 79Service Interval indicator 79Check Control 80On-board computer 83Technical features for journeycomfort and safety:Park Distance Control (PDC) 85Automatic Stability Control plusTraction (ASC+T)/DynamicStability Control (DSC) 86Electronic Damping Control(EDC) 87Tyre Pressure Control (RDC) 88Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  34. 34. Initial overviewControls in detailOperation, maintenanceand general careMinor repairsTechnical dataIndex33nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataLights:Sidelights/low-beam (dipped)headlamps 90Instrument lighting 90Headlight beam angle control 91High-beam headlamps/parkinglights 91Fog lights 92Interior light/load-area light 92Reading lights 93Controlled-temperature air forpleasant interior conditions:Air conditioning 95Automatic air conditioning 100Seat heating 106Heated steering wheel 106Roller sun blind 106Auxiliary heater 107Auxiliary ventilation control 107Remote control for auxiliaryheater 108Practical interior equipment:Glove box 109Storage compartments 109Drink can holders 110Ashtrays 111Cigarette lighter 111Loading and load carrying:Through-loading system 113Ski bag 114touring:Load area 117Roller-blind cover 117Net in front of load area 117Compartments in luggagearea 118Pull-out load floor 120Load 121Roof rack 122Towing a trailer 123Technical items of interestOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  35. 35. 34nKeysKey with radio remote control1 Master key with radio remote controltransmitter2 Spare key, to be kept in a safe place,for instance in a purse or wallet. Thisis a master key, but is not intendedfor regular use3 Key for doors and ignition.This key does not open the luggagecompartment/tailgate or the glovebox – this can be useful for instanceat a hotel or restaurant with car park-ing service.390de326Replacement keysA replacement key can only be ob-tained from BMW Service. Please notethat BMW Service is required to checkthat you are entitled to order sparekeys, since the keys are part of the carssecurity system (see Electronic immobi-lizer, page 35).Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  36. 36. 35nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataElectronic immobiliserThe high-security keyThe electronic immobiliser is an addi-tional means of protecting your BMWagainst theft, and operates without youhaving to perform any selection or ad-justing processes yourself. It ensuresthat the engine will only start if an igni-tion key which the immobiliser recog-nises as belonging to the car is used.You can also ask BMW Service to inval-idate individual keys, for instance if theyare lost. If a key has been invalidated,it can no longer be used to start theengine.390de015What the electronics system candoA special electronic component is inte-grated into the key. The vehicles elec-tronics exchange constantly updatedsignals, which are individualized forevery vehicle, between the ignitionswitch and the electronic componentsin the key. The ignition, fuel supply andstarter motor are only released once thekey is identified as authorised.The electronics integrated into thekey are exposed to mechanicaldamage. This could prevent you fromstarting the engine.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  37. 37. 36nCentral locking system Doors – from outsideThe principleThe central locking system cannot takeeffect until both front doors are closed.The following are unlocked and lockedtogether:> Doors> Trunk lid/tailgate and rear window*> Tank flap.The central locking system can beoperated> from outside using the door or tail-gate lock* and by the radio remotecontrol> from inside using a button.When operated from the outside, thedeadlocks are engaged at the sametime. It prevents the doors from beingunlocked either at the safety lock but-tons or door handles. The alarm sys-tem* is also activated or deactivated.In the event of a collision, the centrallocking system is released automati-cally, but only at doors which were notlocked separately by means of the in-side buttons; see page 39. The hazardwarning flashers and interior light arealso switched on.Locking and unlockingDo not lock the car when there isanyone inside it, as it cannot thenbe unlocked from the inside.<On certain national-market ver-sions, the alarm system can onlybe operated from the radio remote con-trol. On these cars, unlocking with a keytriggers off the alarm.To switch off the alarm: press button 1(unlock) or turn the ignition key to posi-tion 1.<For further details of the alarm system,see page 44.380de015Comfort operationYou can also operate windows and thesliding/tilting sunroof using the doorlock.> To open: when the door is closed,turn the key in the door lock to the re-lease position and hold it there.> To close: when the door is closed,turn the key to the locking positionand hold it there.Watch the closing movement toensure that no-one is trapped. Themovement is stopped when the key isreleased.<Manual operationif an electrical fault has occurredBy turning the key to the limit positionsin the door lock, you can lock and un-lock the drivers door.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  38. 38. 37nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataRadio remote controlUnlockingPress button 1.At the same time the deadlocks are re-leased, the alarm system* de-activatedand the interior light switched on.On versions for certain markets,pressing the button once only un-locks the drivers door; it must bepressed a second time to release theremainder of the central locking sys-tem.<If you wish, you can have this spe-cial arrangement programmed foreach specific remote control.<394de013Convenient openingYou can also open the windows andsliding/tilting sunroof using the remotecontrol unit:Hold button 1 down. When you releasethe button, the opening process is in-terrupted immediately.Locking and thiefproofingPress button 2.The antitheft deadlock is simultane-ously engaged and the alarm systemactivated.Do not lock the car when there issomeone inside it, as it cannotthen be unlocked from the inside.<Convenient closureYou can also close the windows andsliding/tilting sunroof using the remotecontrol unit:Hold button 2 depressed. The closingprocedure is interrupted if the button isreleased.Watch the closing movement toensure that no-one is trapped. Theclosing procedure is interrupted if thebutton is released.<On cars with an alarm system (seepage 44): if the convenient closuremovement is interrupted, the car mustbe unlocked again with button 1 beforeconvenient closure is undertaken again.Failing this, the tilt alarm sensor and in-terior movement detector will be out ofaction.<Switching on the interior lightingIf the car is locked, press button 2.Subject to the remote controls range,this function can be used to locate yourcar on a large car park, for example.Switching off tilt alarm sensorBriefly press button 2 again after lock-ing the car.This also switches off the alarm sys-tems interior movement detectingfunction (see page 44).LED (light-emitting diode) 3 comeson briefly when any button ispressed. Certain symbols on the radioremote control may differ from those il-lustrated here.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  39. 39. 38nRadio remote controlOpening luggage compartment/tailgatePress button 4.The boot lid/tailgate opens slightly,regardless of whether it was previouslylocked or unlocked.394de013Master keysKeys with a radio remote control trans-mitter are master keys.Apart from "Switch on interior light" and"Open boot lid/tailgate", all radio re-mote control functions can also be op-erated with the key in the drivers doorlock or the boot lid/tailgate lock.The front passengers door has no out-side lock, in order to reduce the risk oftheft.On certain national-market ver-sions, the alarm system can onlybe operated from the radio remote con-trol. On these cars, unlocking with a keytriggers off the alarm.To switch off the alarm: Press button 1(unlock) or turn the ignition key to posi-tion 1.<Note that children could lock thedoors from the inside if they arealone in the car. Always take the carkeys with you so that the car can beopened from the outside.<InterferenceThe radio remote control may be sus-ceptible to local interference from othersystems or equipment operating on thesame frequency.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  40. 40. 39nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataDoors – from insideThis button is used to operate the cen-tral locking system when the front doorsare closed. This only unlocks or locksthe doors, luggage compartment lid/window and fuel filler flap – it does notactivate the burglar alarm for them.If you wish, the central lockingsystem can be set to engage assoon as the car is driven away. You canhave this setting programmed as part ofthe Key Memory facility.<390de016Unlocking and opening> Either use the central locking buttonto unlock all doors at once, then pullthe door handle above the armrest, or> Pull the door handle out twice at anydoor: the first pull will unlock thedoor, the second pull will open it.Locking> Either lock all doors at the centrallocking pushbutton, or> Press the door safety buttons down.To avoid being shut out of the car ac-cidentally, the drivers door cannot belocked with the safety button when itis open.Do not lock the doors with thesafety buttons during the journey,or else the central locking system willnot be released in the event of an acci-dent.Note that children could lock the doorsfrom the inside if they are alone in thecar. Always take the key with you, sothat the car can be opened from theoutside.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  41. 41. 40nLuggage compartment lidLock – saloon onlyOnly the central keys (see page 34) fitthe boot lid lock.394de017Locking separatelyTurn the master key to the right past thepressure point and take it out when hor-izontal.This locks the luggage compartmentand disconnects it from the centrallocking system. If you then hand overonly door and ignition key 3 (seepage 34), the boot lid cannot beopened. This extra security can beuseful, for instance, when arriving at ahotel.394de064Opening from outsidePress the button (arrow): the boot lidopens slightly.The boot or luggage area is lit when youopen the boot lid/tailgate (also refer topage 92).Manual operationif an electrical fault has occurredSaloon:Insert a master key into the luggagecompartment lid lock and turn fully tothe left – the lid will open slightly.The luggage compartment is lockedagain as soon as its lid is closed.touring: See page 195.394de009Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  42. 42. 41nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataLuggage compartment lidOpening from inside carWith this button, you can open the lug-gage compartment lid or tailgate whilethe vehicle is stationary, provided it isnot deadlocked.390de324Rear window – touringIt is quick and easy to load and unloadsmall items if the rear window can beopened separately.Press the button (arrow): the rear win-dow opens slightly. It can be swung up-wards.To close the window, press down onthe glass.Protect the window if it is likely tobe struck by sharp-pointed orsharp-edged objects on the load areaduring the journey; this is to preventdamage to the rear-window heating el-ements.<392de159Closing – saloonA recessed handle (arrow) next to thelock mechanism makes it easier to pullthe lid down.394de128Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  43. 43. 42nLuggage compartment lidClosing – touringYou can pull the tailgate down with bothhands if required (arrows) at the re-cessed handles provided.To close the tailgate, press it down onlylightly. The actual closing action is au-tomatic.To avoid injuries, as with any clos-ing process, ensure that the clos-ing area of the boot lid/tailgate is unob-structed.<When the tailgate on the touring isopen, the tip of the tailgate ismore than two metres off the ground.Please note this if, for instance, you areopening the tailgate in a garage.<392de160If possible, drive only with the tail-gate and rear window fully closed,to prevent exhaust gases from enteringthe passenger compartment. If you areobliged to drive the car with the lid, tail-gate or rear window open:> Close all other windows and the sun-roof> Increase the volume of air in the heat-ing and ventilation system or the airconditioner, refer to page 94 or 100.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  44. 44. 43nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataLoad areaTensioning strapsUse the tensioning straps on the floor ofthe load area to prevent small objectsfrom slipping.If you place objects on the lashingstraps, they form a non-slip base.There are lashing points at the cornersof the load area to which a load areanet* or retaining straps can be attachedwhen loads have to be secured.See also under "Loading", page 121.394de302Hanger*There is a hook on the left in the loadarea for hanging up carrier bags or sim-ilar.394de144Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  45. 45. 44nAlarm system*The alarm system reacts if:> a door, the engine compartment, theload area or load area or the rear win-dow are opened> there is any movement inside the car(interior movement detector)> there is a change in the cars attitude,for instance if it is jacked up to re-move a wheel or if it is towed away> there is an interruption in the powersupply from the battery.Depending on the national-market ver-sion of the car, the alarm system indi-cates unauthorised entry or tamperingin different ways:> 30-second acoustic alarm> Switching on the hazard warningflashers for approx. 5 minutes*.Activating and de-activatingWhenever the car is locked or un-locked, whether at a lock or with the re-mote control, the alarm system is acti-vated or de-activated at the same time.The interior movement detector is acti-vated about 30 seconds after the lastlocking action.If the alarm system has been activatedcorrectly, the hazard warning flasherscome on once*.Even when the system has been acti-vated, you can open the lid/tailgate bypressing button 4 on the radio remotecontrol. As soon as the lid/tailgate isclosed again, it is locked.On certain national-market ver-sions, the alarm system can onlybe operated from the radio remote con-trol. On these cars, unlocking with a keytriggers off the alarm.To switch off the alarm: press button 1(unlock) or turn the ignition key to posi-tion 1.<Alarm system telltale> If the telltale lamp under the insidemirror flashes steadily: the system isactivated.> If the telltale flashes when the systemis being activated: not all doors, lidsor the rear window are properlyclosed. Even if an item is not closedfully, the remaining items are pro-tected and the telltale lamp begins toflash steadily after 10 seconds. How-ever, the interior movement detectoris not activated.> If the telltale goes out when the sys-tem is de-activated, no attempt wasmade to tamper with the car duringyour absence.390de020Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  46. 46. 45nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataAlarm system*> If the telltale flashes for 10 secondswhen the system is de-activated, anattempt was made to tamper with thecar.After the alarm has stopped, the telltaleonce again flashes intermittently.Tilt sensorThe tilt alarm sensor and the interiormovement detector can be switched offtogether. This prevents the alarm frombeing triggered off when not wanted,for instance in two-level garage parkingor when travelling on a car train or ferry:Perform the locking movement (acti-vate) twice, by pressing button 2 on theradio remote control twice in succes-sion, or repeating the locking move-ment with the key.The telltale comes on briefly, thenflashes continuously. The tilt alarm sen-sor and interior movement detector arethen switched off until the system is de-activated again.Interior movement detectorThe illustration shows the interior move-ment detectors transmitter and re-ceiver.Before the interior movement detectorcan operate correctly, the windows andsunroof must be closed.However, switch the interior movementdetector off (see under "Tilt alarm sen-sor" in previous column) if> children or animals remain in the car> a window or the sunroof is to remainopen.390de153The tilt alarm sensor and interiormovement detector will beswitched off inadvertently if the con-venient closure movement of the win-dows and sunroof is interrupted and re-started within the first 10 seconds. Inthis case the complete system must bede-activated and re-activated.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  47. 47. 46nElectric windowsOpening and closing windowsFrom ignition key position 1:> Press the rocker switch in until thepressure point is felt:the window continues to move for aslong as the rocker switch is pressed.> Press the toggle switch over beyondthe pressure point:the window then continues to moveautomatically.Press the switch briefly again to haltthe movement.390de055After the ignition is switched off:> You can still operate the electric win-dows for up to 15 minutes, unless afront door was opened and closedagain. To open, press the rockerswitch beyond the normal detentpoint.When leaving the car, always takeout the ignition key and close thedoors, so that children cannot operatethe electric windows and possibly injurethemselves.<For details of comfort operation usingthe door lock and/or the radio remotecontrol unit, refer to page 36 or 37.Protective functionThere is a contact strip on the inside ofeach window surround, at the top. If it iscompressed as the window closes, theclosing action is interrupted immedi-ately and the window re-opens slightly.Despite this protective function,make sure that the window is notobstructed as it closes; if this precau-tion is not taken, the risk remains thatthin objects, for instance, may not actu-ate the contact strip correctly.The protective function is switched offby pressing the switch beyond its nor-mal pressure point and holding itthere.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  48. 48. 47nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataElectric windows Sliding/tilting sunroof*Safety switchThis prevents the electric rear side win-dows from being opened and closed atthe switches on the rear doors, for in-stance by children.Always press the childproof safetyswitch when carrying children onthe rear seat. Careless closure of elec-tric windows can cause injury.<390de131Always close the sliding/tiltingsunroof carefully, so that injuriesare avoided.When leaving the car, always take outthe ignition key and close the doors, sothat children cannot operate the electricwindows and possibly injure them-selves.<Low air pressure or draughts inside thecar when the sunroof is slid back ortilted up can be avoided by keeping theventilation outlets on the fascia openand increasing the airflow if necessary.See page 96, 103.For details of comfort operation usingthe door lock and/or the radio remotecontrol unit, refer to page 36 or 37.Raising – opening – closingFrom ignition key setting 1, press downthe switch and/or slide in the desireddirection up to the pressure point.When being raised, the roof lining onlyretracts a few centimetres.You can operate the electric sunroof forup to 15 minutes after switching off theignition, provided that a front door hasnot been opened and closed again inthe meantime.Automatic* opening and closingPress the button and hold down beyondthe pressure point.Furthermore, the following movementsare automated:390de327Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  49. 49. 48nSliding/tilting sunroof*> When the roof is open, press theswitch in the "Raise" direction: theroof moves to the limit position for"Raising".> When the roof is raised, press theswitch towards "Opening": the sun-roof panel moves to the fully openposition.Pressing the switch stops this move-ment.Protective functionIf the sliding/tilting sunroof encountersresistance when closing with the roofroughly half closed, the closing opera-tion is interrupted and the roof re-opensslightly.Despite this protective function,make sure that the roof is not ob-structed as it closes; if this precaution isnot taken, the risk remains that thin ob-jects, for instance, may not actuate theclosing-force limiter correctly.The protective function is switched offby pressing the switch beyond its nor-mal pressure point and holding itthere.<Sunroof with glass panel*Operation and function are as de-scribed above for the conventional slid-ing/tilting sunroof. To open the rooffrom the raised position, hold the switchin the opening direction until the roofhas reached the desired position.When the roof panel is raised, the slid-ing trim is pushed back slightly; whenthe roof is slid open, it moves with theroof panel. It remains in the open posi-tion and can be moved to a new posi-tion whenever required. Power supply failed or interruptedAfter the power supply has been inter-rupted (e.g. by disconnecting the bat-tery), it is only possible to tilt up thesunroof panel initially. To restore its fullrange of functions:1 Move the sliding/tilting roof to thefully raised position2 Hold the switch down for approx.20 seconds.If there is an electrical defect, the slid-ing/tilting sunroof can be operatedmanually, see page 194.390de328Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  50. 50. 49nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataFor your own personal safety, pleasenote the following precautions whenadjusting the seat position:Do not reposition the drivers seatwhile the car is in motion. Other-wise an unexpected seat movementcould cause the driver to lose control ofthe car and lead to an accident.The seat belt should pass as closely aspossible over the wearers body. In theevent of a head-on collision, the lap beltcould otherwise slide over the hips andinjure the lower part of the body. In ad-dition, the restraining effect is reducedif the seat belt is slack against thewearers body.Do not recline the seat back too farwhen the car is being driven (this ap-plies in particular to the front passen-ger), or there will be a risk of "submarin-ing" under the seat belt, so that the beltloses its full protective effect.Do not slide the seats to the rear if thecar is inclined at an angle (for instance agarage ramp or a slope). This couldlead to the automatic seat belt heightadjuster becoming disconnected.<1 Forward/backPull the lever up and slide the seat tothe preferred position.After releasing the lever, slide theseat backwards or forwards veryslightly until engages correctly2 HeightPull up the lever and apply yourweight to the seat or allow it to rise380de0213 Seat backPull the lever and either apply yourweight to the seat back, or lean for-ward to relieve it of load4 Seat angle (drivers seat only)Pull the lever up and move the seat tothe desired angle.380de022Seats, adjusting Manual seat adjustmentOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  51. 51. 50nManual seat adjustment BMW Sport seat*Correct seated positionTo relieve the load on the discs of thespine, sit well back in the seat with yourback resting firmly against the seatback.The ideal position is when the head isa straight-line extension of the spinalcolumn.On long journeys the seat back can bereclined rearwards to a slightly greaterangle, in order to reduce muscle strain.You should still be able to reach thehighest point on the steering wheel withthe arms slightly bent.Lumbar support*See BMW Comfort seat, next page.Head restraintsTo adjust height: pull out or push in.Adjusting front head restraint angle:swing forwards or back.Head restraints reduce the risk ofneck injuries in the event of an ac-cident.The head restraint should therefore bepositioned with its centre at approxi-mately the same height as the ears ofthe seats occupant.The centre rear head restraint shouldbe left fully retracted; if it is pulled outmore than a very short distance, it willnot function correctly.<390de065ManualOn this seat, the thigh support area canalso be adjusted:Pull the lever and move the thigh sec-tion until it provides the necessary sup-port.The angle of the passengers seat canalso be adjusted.390de137Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  52. 52. 51nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataElectrically adjusted seat* BMW Comfort seat*1 Angle2 Forward/back3 Height4 Seat back5 Head restraint heightTilt the head restraint to alter its angle.Comply with the adjusting instruc-tions on page 49, or there may bea risk to your personal safety.<380de023This seat has additional lumbar andshoulder support settings.1 Lumbar support> Push the switch forward or back: thecurvature is increased or decreased.> Press the switch at top or bottom:curvature moves up or down.The seat back contour can be altered toprovide more support to the curved(lumbar) section of the spine.The upper edge of the pelvis and thespinal column are supported, to en-courage an upright but relaxed seatedposition.380de0242 Shoulder supportPress the switch: the angle of the upperpart of the seat back changes.The adjustable upper section of theseat back supports the shoulder area ofthe seat occupants body. It enables arelaxed seat position to be found andreduces the load on the shoulder mus-cles.To obtain the recommended optimumsettings:Drivers and front passengers side:1 Tilt the upper part of the seat backfully to the rear2 Adjust to the most suitable position,as described on page 503 Tilt the upper section of the seat backforwards until adequate shouldersupport is obtained.380de024Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  53. 53. 52nBMW Comfort seat* BMW Sport seat* Adjusting steering wheelPassengers seat in rest position:1 Tilt the upper part of the seat backfully to the rear2 Set the seat angle to a slightly moreupright position3 Recline the seat back slightly more tothe rear4 Tilt the upper section of the seat backfurther forwards.Correct the forward/back positionof the seat if necessary to ensurethat the seat belt still passes closelyover the wearers body, otherwise thebelts protective action may be af-fected.<380de064ElectricThis seat has electric thigh supportadjustment.To operate it, press the switch.390de371Manual1 Swing out the clamp lever2 Move the steering wheel to the pre-ferred reach and angle to suit yourseated position3 Fold the lever back in to clamp thesteering column in the new position.Do not adjust the steering wheelposition while the vehicle is in mo-tion, otherwise an accident may resultfrom any unexpected movement.<390de027Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  54. 54. 53nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataAdjusting steering wheel MirrorsElectrical*The steering wheel can be repositionedin four directions, corresponding to thelever movements.Do not adjust the steering wheelposition while the vehicle is in mo-tion, otherwise an accident may resultfrom any unexpected movement.<To memorise steering wheel position,see "seat, mirror and steering wheelposition memory", page 55.390de028Automatic steering wheeladjustment(only in conjunction with seat, mirrorand steering wheel memory*)To make it easier to get in and out ofthe drivers seat, the steering wheel au-tomatically rises into its uppermost po-sition before returning to the driving po-sition (memory).This automatic system responds to theignition key setting and the driversdoor. Outside mirrors1 Switch for adjustment in all fourdirections2 Changeover switch for mirror onother side of car3 Button for folding the mirrors in andout (only with automatic-dip outsidemirrors* – see page 55).Press the button once to fold the mirrorsin, and again to fold them out. This can,for example, be useful in car washes,narrow streets or to reset a mirror to thecorrect position if it was previouslyfolded forwards.The mirrors can be folded in at aroad speed up to 10 km/h (approx.6 mph).<390de029Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  55. 55. 54nMirrorsThe mirrors can also be adjusted manu-ally by pressing the edge of the glass.To memorise mirror positions, see"seat, mirror and steering wheel posi-tion memory", page 55.The outer, aspherically curved* sectionof the mirror displays a larger field ofview, though slightly distorted, than theinner, convex* section. In this way, theview to the rear is extended and theblind spot is reduced in size.The mirror on the passengersside is more convex than the mir-ror on the drivers side, and thereforereflected objects are closer than theyappear. It may be difficult to estimatethe precise distance at which anothervehicle is following your car. The sameapplies to the aspherical outer sectionof the mirrors.<Electric mirror heatingBoth mirrors are heated automatically inignition key position 2.Inside mirrorTo reduce glare from following vehiclesafter dark, tilt the mirror image by mov-ing the small lever.Illuminated make-up mirror*Fold the sun visor down and slide themirror cover (if fitted) sideways.The mirrors are illuminated from ignitionkey position 1 on.Sun visorsThe sun visors can also be pivoted tothe side, against the door windows.390de030Interor mirror, automaticanti-glare*This mirror dims automatically andsteplessly in accordance with the inten-sity of the light received (ambient lightand the effect of glare from headlamps).The mirror switches automatically to theclear, non-dimmed position when thedriver engages reverse gear or selectsR.To ensure that the mirror always func-tions correctly, keep the two photo-cells clean and unobstructed. Onephoto-cell (arrow) is in the mirror glass,the other is slightly offset on the back ofthe mirror.For details of the electrochromic mirrorprinciple, refer to page 205.390de031Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  56. 56. 55nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataMirrors Seat, mirror and steering wheel position memory*Automatic-dip outside mirrors*These mirrors can be folded in or out atbutton 3 (see page 53). They have thesame automatic-dip action as the insidemirror.You can memorise and call up three dif-ferent drivers seat, outside mirror and(with an electrically adjustable steeringwheel) steering wheel positions. Thepicture shows the buttons on thedrivers door.The setting of the lumbar supportis not recorded in the memory.<Memorising1 Ignition key in position 1 or 22 Select the desired seat, outside mir-ror and steering wheel positions3 Press the MEMORY button: the tell-tale lamp in the switch comes on4 Press memory button 1, 2 or 3: thetelltale lamp goes out.390de032Calling upDrivers door open after being un-locked, or ignition key in position 1:> Press the appropriate memory button1, 2 or 3 briefly.The positioning movement is inter-rupted immediately if you operate aseat adjustment switch or one of thememory buttons.With the drivers door closed and theignition key either removed or in posi-tion 0 or 2:> Press memory button 1, 2 or 3 untilthe adjusting procedure has beencompleted.If the MEMORY button was pressedaccidentally: press it again; the telltalegoes out.Do not call up the memory whilethe car is in motion, otherwise anunexpected seat or steering wheelmovement may cause an accident.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  57. 57. 56nSeat, mirror and steering wheel position memory*You can have your car pro-grammed so that when it is un-locked with your own personal remote-control key your preferred seat, mirrorand steering wheel positions are ob-tained automatically.<If you use this setting, make surebefore unlocking that the footwellbehind the drivers seat is unobstructed.Otherwise damage could be caused ifthe seat moves back automatically tothe previously selected position.< Passengers side mirror tilt-down(parking position)1 Move the mirror changeover switch(arrow) to the "Drivers mirror" posi-tion2 When reverse gear (or automatictransmission selector lever position R)is selected, The driver can then seethe ground close to the car (for in-stance, the edge of the kerb).This automatic function can be switchedoff if not required: move the mirrorchangeover switch to the passengersside mirror position.390de147Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  58. 58. 57nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataCar Memory, Key MemoryHow it worksYou may often have wished that youcould modify the operation of certainfeatures of your car to suit your own in-dividual preferences. When developingthe car, BMW therefore "designed in" anumber of freely programmable optionsfor the car, which BMW Service willgladly adjust as you wish.There are "Car Memory" and "KeyMemory" settings, the former relating tothe car itself, the latter to your personalrequirements. You can have up to foursets of basic settings programmed fortwo different persons. This presup-poses that each person has his or herown remote control key. By means ofdata exchange with the key, the caridentifies the user when the car is un-locked and performs the necessary ad-justments.390de329Coloured adhesive labels are suppliedwith the keys so that they can be identi-fied by the users.What can be selectedBMW Service will gladly inform you ofthe facilities available with Car Memoryand Key Memory.At the appropriate points in thisOwners Handbook you will findthis symbol, as an indication that spe-cial settings as described above areavailable.<An example of Key Memory is the auto-matic repositioning of the electricallyadjusted drivers seat for the intendinguser each time the car is unlocked.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  59. 59. 58nWear the seat belts whenever the car isdriven.To fasten: the seat belt buckle must beheard to engage.To open: press the red release buttonon the belt buckle and guide the beltback if necessary to reinforce the actionof the automatic reel.As the seat is moved forwards andback, the upper belt loop is automati-cally adjusted to the wearers size.The two seat belt buckles integratedinto the rear seat are intended for theleft and right seat occupants. Thebuckle marked "CENTER" is only to beused by a person occupying the centerrear seat.390de033Comply with the following instruc-tions concerning the wearing ofseat belts in order to avoid any adverseeffects on personal safety or reductionin the belts protective function. Theseinstructions also apply to passengers inthe car. Never restrain more than oneperson with each seat belt. Babies orsmall children must not travel on the lapof another occupant.The belts should not be twisted andmust run firmly across the pelvis andshoulder. They should not pass overhard or fragile objects in your pockets.It should not pass over any sharp, solidor breakable objects in pockets etc.The seat belt must not run across thewearers neck, nor should it be trappedor abraded by coming into contact withsharp edges or objects.The seat belt should always be worn asclose to the seat occupants body aspossible. If possible, avoid bulky cloth-ing and remember to tauten the belt fre-quently where it runs over the shoulder.In the event of a head-on collision, thelap belt could otherwise slide over thehips and injure the lower part of thebody. In addition, the restraining effectis reduced if the seat belt is slackagainst the wearers body. Pregnantwomen should also wear the seat belt,making sure that the lap strap is welldown on the hips and does not presson the abdominal region of the body.<For care of seat belts, see page 167.Saloon with through-load system*:please note the instructions for thecentre rear seat belt on page 113.touring: If the centre belt cannot bepulled out, the larger section of the rearseat back is not properly locked into po-sition; see page 117.<If exposed to severe loads in anaccident, or if the belt system in-cluding the buckle tensioner and anychild restraint systems* installed in thecar have been damaged, BMW Serviceshould renew them and check the beltanchorages.<Seat beltsOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  60. 60. 59nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataAirbags1 Front airbags for the driver and frontpassenger2 Head airbags (front)3 Side airbags (front and at rear*)Protective effectThe front airbags protect the occupantsof the front seats in the event of a head-on collision, where the restraining effectof the seat belts alone would no longerbe adequate. The head and side air-bags provide protection in the eventof a side-on collision. The side airbagwhich inflates has the effect of support-ing the upper body from the side.380de647The picture shows the main directionsof impact to which the airbags respond.390de142Telltale lightThe telltale lamp confirms thatthe airbag system is ready tooperate (from ignition key posi-tion 1 onwards).System operational:> The telltale lamp comes on brieflyand then goes out.System defective:> The telltale lamp does not come on,or> the telltale comes on briefly, goes outbriefly and then comes on again.If there is a system fault, there is a riskthat it will not be triggered off even if asufficiently severe accident occurswithin the airbag range.Please have it checked by BMW Serv-ice without delay.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  61. 61. 60nAirbagsNote the following instructionsconcerning airbags, in order toensure that personal safety is not re-stricted or the airbagss protective func-tion adversely affected. These instruc-tions also apply to passengers in thecar.Always fasten your seat belt on everyjourney, despite the presence of an air-bag: the airbags are an additional safetyfeature, not a substitute. The airbagsare not triggered off in minor accidents,nor if the car rolls over or is struck fromthe rear. In such circumstances the seatbelt provides optimum protection.Choose a seated position that is com-fortable but also at the maximum possi-ble distance from the steering wheel orfascia and door.Always grip the steering wheel on therim otherwise you may suffer hand andarm injuries when the airbag is trig-gered. No objects should be held orallowed to rest between the airbag andseat occupant.The cover of the front passengers air-bag should not be used as a storagetray.Do not use adhesive on, cover over orotherwise modify the upholstered cov-ers on the steering wheel, the dash-board, the side panels on front and reardoors and the roof struts, nor the sidesof the roof liners.Never install child restraint systems onthe front passengers seat. Childrenunder 12 and those who are smallerthan 1.50 m (4 ft 11 in) should travel onthe rear seats and may be required todo so by law.When side airbags are fitted for backseat passengers, ensure that childseats are correctly mounted as far aspossible from the doors. Do not allowchildren to lean out of the seat towardsthe door, as this could result in consid-erable injury in the event of the airbagsbeing triggered.<Even if all these instructions are com-plied with, injury to the face, arms orhands as a result of the airbag inflatingcannot be entirely ruled out, dependingon the circumstances in which an acci-dent occurs. If the cars occupants areunduly sensitive to the ignition and in-flation noise generated by the airbagsystems, their hearing may be tempo-rarily affected.For further information on the airbagsystem, see pages 170 and 203.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  62. 62. 61nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataChild restraint systems*For children up to 12 years of age andless than 150 cm (approx. 4 ft 11 in) tall,suitable approved restraint systemsmay have to be installed; comply withlocal regulations.Small children up to about 18 monthsold can be secured with a rear-facingrestraint system on the back seats,using standard seat belts.BMW Service can supply suitable childrestraint systems for every age group.Please comply with the notes in the in-stallation instructions when using theseproducts.Do not install child restraint sys-tems on the front seat, as injurycould be caused if the passengers air-bag is triggered off.In no circumstances are child restraintsystems to be modified, as their protec-tive effect may otherwise be impaired.<Integral childs seat*These childs seats, in the two outer rearseat positions, satisfy the legal require-ments of ECE Directive R-44 and aresuitable for children between about 3gand 12 years of age (weighing 15 to36 kg/33 to 80 lbs).Forchildrenagedfromapprox.18monthsto 3g a years (weighing between 9 and18 kg (20 and 40 lbs), use these seats inconjunction with the "Comfort" seatback and impact-absorbing table; theseare available from BMW Service.Unfolding the childs seat:Reach under the front of the seat andpull it upwards diagonally to the rear(arrow). Then press the childs seat tothe rear until it engages in position.394de149Folding away the childs seat:Release by pulling the loop forwardsand down (arrow). Then press downfrom the top until the childs seat en-gages.Use the integral childs seats onlyin conjunction with the head re-straints.When repositioning the cars frontseats, make sure that the childs feetare not trapped.Never leave children in the car on theirown – even when occupying a childsseat.<394de150Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  63. 63. 62nChild restraint systems* Childproof door locksNote the safety instructions re-garding seat belts on page 58, toensure that the full protective action ofthe belts is maintained.If damaged or subjected to severeloads in an accident, have the integralchilds seat (and other accessories ifnecessary) renewed by BMW Service.<394de152Insert key into slot on rear door and turnoutwards:This door can now only be opened fromthe outside.390de019Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  64. 64. 63nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalData0 Steering lockedThe key can only be inserted and re-moved in this position.After removing the key, turn the steer-ing wheel slightly if necessary until thesteering lock engages.Automatic transmission cars: Donot move the selector lever awayfrom position P until the engine is run-ning (ignition key position 2).Before the ignition key can be returnedto position 0 or pulled out, the auto-matic transmission selector lever mustbe moved to position P (interlock).<390de0101 Steering releasedA slight movement of the steering wheeloften makes it easier to turn the key inthe ignition from 0 to 1.Individual power consumers can thenoperate.2 Ignition switched on/BMW 525td/tds, 530d:preheatingAll electrical consumers are ready tooperate.3 Starting the engineBefore starting> Apply the handbrake> Move the gear lever to neutral (orautomatic transmission selector toP or N)> At low temperatures, depress theclutch pedal.Never run the engine in an en-closed space. The exhaust gascontains carbon monoxide, which iscolourless and odourless, but highlytoxic. Inhaling exhaust gas constitutes asevere health risk and can lead to lossof consciousness with fatal conse-quences.Do not leave the car unattended withthe engine running, as it then consti-tutes a considerable potential hazard.<Ignition switch Starting the engineOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  65. 65. 64nStarting the engineCars with spark-ignition engine> Start the engine without depressingthe accelerator pedal.Allow the starter motor to run for areasonable time, but not for morethan about 20 seconds. As soon as theengine fires, release the ignition key.Do not allow the engine to warm up at astandstill, but drive off as soon as pos-sible, using moderate engine speeds.BMW 535iA, 540iA:Your BMW is equipped with a conven-ient-start system. It is sufficient to turnthe ignition key briefly to position 3 (tooperate the starter motor), then to re-lease it.The starter then runs automatically for apredetermined period, and cuts out assoon as the engine has started.If the battery voltage is low, automaticstarting cannot be activated, or thefunction is interrupted. The engine canbe jump started (refer to page 196).<If the engine does not start first time, forinstance if it is very cold or very hot:> Depress the accelerator pedal half-way while starting the engine.Cold starts at very low ambient temper-atures (below approx. –156) at highaltitude (more than 1000 m above sealevel):> On the first occasion, take longerover the starting operation (approx.10 seconds)> Depress the accelerator pedal half-way while starting the engine.Cars with diesel engineWhen the engine is cold:> Hold the ignition key in position 2 un-til the preheat telltale or display goesout> Start the engine.At extremely low temperatures, thestarter motor may have to be run forup to 40 seconds.When the engine is warm:> The preheat telltale or display doesnot come on. Start the engine imme-diately.Movement of the accelerator pedal hasno influence on the starting process.Do not allow the engine to warm up at astandstill, but drive off as soon as pos-sible, using moderate engine speeds.Bleeding the the fuel system:Even if the fuel tank has been run dry,the fuel system does not normally needto be bled.If you nevertheless encounter difficul-ties in starting the engine:> Run the starter motor for approx.20 seconds.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  66. 66. 65nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataStopping the engine HandbrakeTurn the ignition key back to 1 or 0.BMW 530d:When the engine is cold, a fuel-burningauxiliary heater is used to warm thecars interior more rapidly. Its exhaustfumes are discharged under the doorsill on the drivers side.If the engine is stopped before it hasreached its regular operating tempera-ture, the auxiliary heater continues torun for a short time, and therefore pro-duces exhaust fumes.Never take out the ignition keywhen the car is still moving, inorder to prevent the steering lock fromengaging.When leaving the car, always removethe ignition key and lock the steering.Manual-gearbox cars:When parking on a slope, apply thehandbrake, because merely engagingfirst or reverse gear may not prevent thecar reliably from rolling away.Automatic transmission cars:Select position P.<ApplyingThe lever engages automatically andthe telltale in the instrument clusterlights up in ignition setting 2, refer topage 20.ReleasingRaise slightly, press the knob and movethe lever down.The handbrake is primarily intended forpreventing a stationary vehicle fromrolling away, and acts on the rearwheels.In exceptional cases, if the hand-brake has to be used to slow orstop the car, do not pull the lever up toohard. Keep the knob on the lever held inall the time.390de042Too violent an application of the hand-brake could over-brake the rear wheelsand cause the rear of the car to skid.The brake lights do not come on whenthe handbrake is applied.Manual-gearbox cars:When parking on a slope, apply thehandbrake, because merely engagingfirst or reverse gear may not prevent thecar reliably from rolling away.Automatic transmission cars:Select position P.<To avoid corrosion, apply the hand-brake lightly from time to time whencoasting to a standstill, for instance ata traffic signal, provided that it is safeto do so.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  67. 67. 66nManual gearboxThe gear lever comes to rest when notin use in the 3rd/4th gear gate plane(dot in picture).When the lever is moved from a forwardor reverse gear into neutral, it is auto-matically spring-loaded to return to thisplane of the gate.360de044BMW 540iThe gear lever comes to rest when notin use in the 3rd/4th gear gate plane(dot in picture).When the lever is moved from a forwardor reverse gear into neutral, it is auto-matically spring-loaded to return to thisplane of the gate.When selecting a gear in the 5th/6th gear plane, always press thelever to the right, to avoid accidentallyselecting a gear in the 3rd/4th plane ofthe gate.<380de044ReverseEngage this gear only when the car isstanding still. Press the gear lever to theleft until slight resistance is overcome.The reversing lamps then come on au-tomatically in ignition key position 2.Never try to prevent the car fromrolling back on an uphill gradientby slipping the clutch; always apply thehandbrake. A clutch that is allowed toslip will wear rapidly.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  68. 68. 67nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataAutomatic transmission*Your BMW is equipped with AdaptiveTransmission Control (AGS). It re-sponds sensitively to your individualdriving style and the actual road andtraffic situation. Various shift programsare used for this purpose.You will find more details on the AGS inthe chapter headed "Technical Items ofInterest" on page 202.390de044Selector lever positionsP R N D S 3 2Starting the engineThe engine can only be started in posi-tions P or N.The gear display differs according toyour cars equipment specification (seepictures).390de045Moving the selector leverA locking mechanism is provided to pre-vent accidental movement of the selec-tor lever to certain positions. To releasethe lock, press the button on the front ofthe selector lever knob (arrow).Before moving the selector leveraway from P or N with the car at astandstill, you must press the brake pedaldown to release the lever (shiftlock).Keep the brake pedal pressed down untilready to move away, so that the car doesnot creep forwards (or backwards as thecase may be) with the gear engaged.<Before leaving the car with the en-gine running, move the automatictransmission selector lever to position Por N and apply the handbrake to preventthe car from moving.390de046Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  69. 69. 68nAutomatic transmission*Do not leave the car unattended withthe engine running, as this constitutes apotentially severe accident risk.<P ParkEngage this gear only when the car isstanding still. The driven wheels arelocked.R ReverseEngage this gear only when the car isstanding still.N NeutralSelect only if the journey is interruptedfor a fairly long time.D Drive (automatic shift position)Use this position for all normal driving.The system shifts up through all forwardgears and the AGS functions in an unre-stricted manner.S Sport programThis position is recommended if it is in-tended to make full use of the cars per-formance.3 and 2 Shift-limiting positionsSelect these positions if you wish torestrict gear selection, for instance onsteep uphill or downhill gradients inmountainous regions. The transmissioncontinues to shift automatically, butonly up to the selected gear.Position 2 is also particularly suitablefor use when towing a trailer.Kick-DownIn the "kick-down" position, maximumacceleration and top speed are availa-ble in position D.Press the accelerator pedal down be-yond the regular full-throttle position;increased resistance will be felt.Shift electronicsIf the warning lamp comes on orthe message "TRANS. FAIL-SAFE PROG" appears in theCheck Control, an automatic transmis-sion malfunction has occurred.All lever positions can still be selected,but in the forward positions only certaingears are actually available when thecar is driven.Avoid excessive loads, and take the carto the nearest BMW Service.Do not work in the engine com-partment with the selector lever ina driving position, in case the car be-gins to move unexpectedly.<For towing away, tow-starting and jumpstarting see page 197 onwards.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  70. 70. 69nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataAutomatic transmission with Steptronic*You can either drive the car as with aconventional automatic transmission, orshift between gears yourself.If you move the selector lever from po-sition D to the left, into the M/S leverplane, this will activate automatic-trans-mission shift programs that will appealto those who wish to adopt a more en-thusiastic driving style. As soon as youmove the lever in the "+" or "–" direc-tion, the Steptronic transmissions man-ual gear shift mode is activated. If youwish to return to fully automatic gearshifts, move the lever back to the right,to position D.Your BMW is equipped with AdaptiveTransmission Control (AGS). It re-sponds sensitively to your individualdriving style and the actual road and390de138traffic situation. Various shift programsare used for this purpose.You will find more details on the AGS inthe Chapter "Technical Items of Inter-est" on page 202.Selector lever positionsP R N D M/S + –Starting the engineThe engine can only be started in posi-tions P or N.The gear display differs according toyour cars equipment specification (seepictures).390de139Moving the selector leverA locking mechanism is provided toprevent accidental movement of the se-lector lever to certain positions. To re-lease the lock, press the button on thefront of the selector lever knob (arrow).Before moving the selector leveraway from P or N with the car at astandstill, you must press the brakepedal down to release the lever (shift-lock).Keep the brake pedal pressed downuntil ready to move away, so that thecar does not creep forwards (or back-wards as the case may be) with thegear engaged.<390de140Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  71. 71. 70n Automatic transmission with Steptronic*Before leaving the car with the en-gine running, move the automatictransmission selector lever to position Por N and apply the handbrake to pre-vent the car from moving.Do not leave the car unattended withthe engine running, as this constitutes apotentially severe accident risk.<P ParkEngage this gear only when the car isstanding still. The driven wheels arelocked.R ReverseEngage this gear only when the car isstanding still.N NeutralSelect only if the journey is interruptedfor a fairly long time.D Drive (automatic shift position)Use this position for all normal driving.All forward gears are selected as nec-essary and the AGS is fully operational.Kick-DownIn the "kick-down" position, maximumacceleration and top speed are availa-ble in position D.Press the accelerator pedal down be-yond the regular full-throttle position;increased resistance will be felt.M/S Manual mode and SportprogramWhen changing from D to M/S, theSport program is activated and D S dis-played on the instrument panel. This po-sition is recommended if it is intended tomake full use of the cars available per-formance.When the lever is next moved, the auto-matic transmission will switch from theSport program to the manual-shiftmode. If you move the lever forwards inthe "+" direction, the transmission shiftsup; if you move it to the rear, in the "–"direction, a downshift takes place. Thegear display reads 1 to 5 or M1 to M5according to version.390de323Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  72. 72. 71nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataAutomatic transmission with Steptronic*The AGS performs up- and down-shiftsonly at a suitable engine or road speed;for example, it will not shift down if theresulting engine speed would be toohigh. The instrument panel shows theselected gear briefly, followed by thegear actually in use.For rapid acceleration in the man-ual-shift mode – for example whenovertaking – shift down manually or usethe kick-down to shift to a lower gear.<The selector lever can only be movedfrom M/S to the positions P, R and N ifit has first been moved back to D.In the following situations, Steptronic"thinks for you" in the manual-shiftmode:> To prevent the engine from over-speeding, an up-shift to the next-higher gear takes place automaticallyshortly before the governed speedlimit is reached in an intermediategear> At low speeds, a lower gear is se-lected automatically without anyaction on the drivers part> The kick-down, when used, selectsthe lowest gear which can still beused without risk of the engine over-speeding.Shift electronicsIf the warning lamp comes on orthe message "TRANS. FAIL-SAFE PROG" appears in theCheck Control, an automatic transmis-sion malfunction has occurred.All lever positions can still be selected,but in the forward positions only certaingears are actually available when thecar is driven.Avoid excessive loads, and take the carto the nearest BMW Service.Do not work in the engine com-partment with the selector lever ina driving position, in case the car be-gins to move unexpectedly.<For towing away, tow-starting andjumpstarting, see page 197 onwards.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  73. 73. 72nTurn indicator/headlamp flasher Wipers1 High beam headlamps (blue telltalelamp)2 Headlamp flasher3 Flashing turn indicators (green re-peater lamps with rhythmic ticking offlasher relay).If the telltale flashes and the relay ticksmore rapidly than usual, a flashing turnindicator has failed; if towing a trailer,the failed lamp could be on the trailer.390de335To indicate a turn brieflyMove the lever lightly, only as far asthe first detent. It will cancel when re-leased.0 Parked position of wipers1 Intermittent wipe setting or rainsensor*2 Normal wiper speed3 Fast wiper speed4 Flick wipe5 Automatic windscreen wash6 Automatic intensive cleaning*7 Knurled wheel for controlling the in-termittent wipe intervals andthe sen-sitivity of the rain sensor394de041Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  74. 74. 73nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataWipers1 Intermittent wipe interval orrain sensor*Intermittent wipe interval:Using knurled wheel 7 you can selectfour intermittent wipe intervals.The wipe speed is also varied automati-cally, according to road speed.Rain sensor:When the rain sensor is activated, thewind screen wipers are controlled auto-matically in response to wetting of thewindscreen (they of course also re-spond to snow). This means you do notneed to involve yourself in switching thewindscreen wipers on and off, nor doyou need to concern yourself with anyof the settings between intermittentwipe and continuous wipe. Instead, youcan focus your entire attention on pre-vailing road and traffic conditions. Thisadvantage is particularly important inadverse weather conditions.Activating the rain sensor:From ignition setting 1, shift into leversetting 1. In any event, the wipers willnow cross the windscreen once.You can leave the lever in setting 1 allthe time, then all you need to do is toactivate the rain sensor from ignitionsetting 1. To do this,> turn knurled wheel 7 briefly or> use the automatic windscreen clean-ing function (5) or the automatic in-tensive cleaning function (6).To vary the sensitivity of the rain sensor:turn knurled wheel 7.Switch off the rain sensor in an au-tomatic car wash, or else the car’swipers may operate and be damaged.<2 Normal wiper speedThe wipers change over automaticallyto the intermittent wipe mode when thecar comes to a standstill (not on carswith rain sensor).3 Fast wiper speedThe wipers switch to normal speedwhen the car comes to a standstill (noton cars with rain sensor).5 Automatic windscreen washFluid from the washer tank is sprayedon to the windscreen and the wipersare operated for a short time.If the lever is pulled only briefly, washerfluid will be sprayed on to the wind-screen, but the wipers will not beswitched on.6 Intensive cleaning, automatic*Same as 5, but intensive cleaning fluidis first sprayed on to the windscreen.Changing the wiper blades: seepage 176.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  75. 75. 74nWipersHeadlamp cleaning*If the headlamps are switched on, theyare automatically cleaned as well oneach fifth occasion that the windscreenwiper or intensive cleaning system isoperated.The driver should only operate thewashers and cleaning equipmentif certain that the fluid will not freeze tothe windscreen and interfere with theview ahead. Antifreeze should thereforebe added to the fluid; see page 156.Do not run the washer systems if thefluid reservoirs are empty, or thewasher pump will be damaged.<Windscreen washer jetsThe windscreen washer jets are auto-matically heated when the ignition keyis in position 2.Rear window wiper – touring0 Parked position of rear window wiper1 Rear window wiper operates intermit-tently. When reverse gear is engaged,the wiper operates continuously.2 Automatic rear window washerYou can program the desired wipeinterval:> Move the lever briefly from position 0to position 1 and back> The time which elapses before switch-ing on again (from 0 to 1) is the pro-grammed wipe interval (max. 30 sec-onds).392de158Programming is cancelled:> move the lever to position 0 forapprox. 10 seconds, or> when the engine is switched off.When the rear window is opened, itswiper is switched off. After closing thewindow it then has to be restarted if re-quired.To renew the wiper blade, seepage 176.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG

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