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DOMESTIC WASTE
By..
V.Padmasri
II M.Sc Microbiology
INTRODUCTION
It is a waste that generated as a result of the ordinary day-to-day
consumptions of households
It includes:
Remains of food, plastics, bottles, papers.
TYPES OF WASTE
Organic waste
 Toxic Waste
Recyclable Waste
Soiled Waste
Output of daily waste depends on
Dietary habits
Life style, living standards.
Degree of urbanization and industrialization.
Glass, metals, plastics, textiles.
EXAMPLE
Organic waste: Flowers, Vegetables and fruits, Kitchen waste, leaves
Toxic Waste: batteries, paints, old medicines and other chemicals.
Recyclable Waste: glass, cardboard, paper, plastics, metals.
Soiled Waste: nappies, cloth soiled with body fluids, animal waste.
waste Management

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domestic waste_100013.pptx

  • 2. INTRODUCTION It is a waste that generated as a result of the ordinary day-to-day consumptions of households It includes: Remains of food, plastics, bottles, papers.
  • 3. TYPES OF WASTE Organic waste  Toxic Waste Recyclable Waste Soiled Waste
  • 4. Output of daily waste depends on Dietary habits Life style, living standards. Degree of urbanization and industrialization. Glass, metals, plastics, textiles.
  • 5. EXAMPLE Organic waste: Flowers, Vegetables and fruits, Kitchen waste, leaves Toxic Waste: batteries, paints, old medicines and other chemicals. Recyclable Waste: glass, cardboard, paper, plastics, metals. Soiled Waste: nappies, cloth soiled with body fluids, animal waste.
  • 8. Components of biodegradable waste  Separation  Collection and transportation  Treatment  Disposal
  • 10. COLLECTION AND SEPARATION  Collect by trucks or van  Collect at one area the waste for treatment and disposal
  • 11. composting • The moisture content of 55–60 per cent and airspace of 20–30 per cent in the bed of biodegradable waste • Temperature rise from 35°C to 55–65°C achieved within 2–3 days. • Thermotolerant fungi • Thermophilic bacteria • Actinomycetes • Are the predominantly active microorganisms at this stage.
  • 13.  Vermicomposting  Vermicomposting is the process of using earthworms and microorganisms to turn kitchen waste/ organic solid waste into black and nutrient-rich.  Vermicomposting involves the stabilization of organic solid waste through earthworm consumption, which converts the material into worm castings.  Vermicomposting is the result of the combined activity of microorganisms and earthworms.  Microbial decomposition of biodegradable organic matter occurs through extracellular enzymatic activities (primary decomposition) whereas decomposition in earthworms occurs in the elementary tract by microorganisms inhabiting the gut (secondary decomposition).  Microbes such as fungi, actinomycetes and protozoa are reported to inhibit the gut of earthworms.
  • 15. Type of waste Approximate Time to Break Down Organic waste Up to 2 weeks Cigarette Butt Up to 5years Aluminium can Up to 500 years Plastic Bags Up to 1000 years Tyres Up to 2000 years Glass Up to 1 million years Aluminium foil Never