Photographic composition - Padmanabh Munje


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Primer on photographic composition by Padmanabh Munje.

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Photographic composition - Padmanabh Munje

  1. 1. Photographic composition<br />Tips and tools on how to see things creatively!<br />By Padmanabh Munje<br />
  2. 2. basic tenets of art<br />Subject <br />Medium<br />Perspective<br />Composition <br />Applies to all works of art… Music, Writing, Painting and Photography! <br />
  3. 3. Putting it all together…<br />Composition is the placement or arrangement of artistic elements or ingredients in a work of art<br />Arrangement is always according to the principles of art form<br />Distinct from the subject of the work of art, but includes the subject of the work of art<br />
  4. 4. agenda<br />Lines & shapes<br />The rule of thirds<br />Focal point<br />Fill the frame<br />Perspective change<br />Cut the clutter<br />Create depth<br />Repetition & rhythm<br />Active space<br />Some Tips<br />
  5. 5. “There are no rules for good photographs, there are only good photographs.”<br />Ansel Adams<br />
  6. 6. Lines and shapes<br />the building blocks of a photograph…<br />
  7. 7. Look for lines and shapes within a scene<br />Lines & shapes are used to enhance and emphasize the subject <br />Lines represent restfulness, dynamism, create a sense of depth, and movement<br />Lines and shapes<br />
  8. 8. “Relaxing” lines, bring “peace” <br />Used to emphasize the more impressive element within the scene<br />Layers of horizontal lines provide rhythm<br />Lines and shapes<br />Horizontal Lines<br />
  9. 9. Strong, dynamic lines, emphasize height and power<br />In vertical format strength is represented by the longest sides of the frame<br />Vertical lines seem bursting out of the picture if you opt for landscape format <br />Lines and shapes<br />Vertical Lines<br />
  10. 10. The most interesting and visually exciting lines<br />Lead to the centre of interest by the most dynamic of route<br />Viewers to takes notice of subjects cutting through our vision<br />Lines and shapes<br />Diagonal Lines<br />
  11. 11. Circles mirror emptiness and wholeness both<br />Lines and shapes<br />Shapes - Circle<br />
  12. 12. Triangles eye-catching as they cut through vertical or horizontal lines<br />Lines and shapes<br />Shapes - Triangles<br />
  13. 13. Four-sided shapes mirror the four sides of the frame <br />Make for interesting viewing if used diagonally<br />Lines and shapes<br />Shapes - Quadrangulars<br />
  14. 14. Curves represent beauty, seamlessness, grace<br />Combining circles or curved lines with straight ones produces great tension<br />Lines and shapes<br />Curves<br />
  15. 15. The rule of thirds<br />Balanced and powerful compositions…<br />
  16. 16. The rule of thirds<br />By placing the subject off-centre in your view<br />In a 3x3 grid <br />Where the lines cross<br />The point of power<br />The most common compositional tool<br />Developed by painters centuries ago<br />Painters use “the golden mean” or “the divine proportion”<br />
  17. 17. <ul><li> The rule can be applied to any subject
  18. 18. Not limited to… but best suited for landscapes and other wide-angle works</li></ul>The rule of thirds<br />
  19. 19. Can be applied to any format - square, rectangular or panoramic<br />The rule of thirds<br />
  20. 20. Focal point<br />Define your image’s point of interest<br />
  21. 21. Define your point of interest<br />Supress the elements which detract from the power of the main subject<br />Focal Point<br />
  22. 22. Fill the frame<br />If you can’t make something good, make it big…<br />
  23. 23. Fill the Frame<br />There’s no doubt about the centre of interest<br />Good compositional techniques, such as placing a key feature on a point of power, still apply<br />Get in close – then get in closer still…<br />
  24. 24. Fill the Frame<br />If you can’t get in close, expand the presence of your subject in the frame<br />
  25. 25. Change perspective<br />Change the way you see the world…<br />
  26. 26. <ul><li> Classic way to shoot a citiscape is in landscape format
  27. 27. Portraits emphasize the height hence appear vibrant </li></ul>CHANGE PERSPECTIVE<br />
  28. 28. Cut the clutter<br />Leave out the distractions…<br />
  29. 29. Cut the Clutter<br /><ul><li>Very important to leave out elements that take the focus away from the subject</li></li></ul><li>Play with sense of depth<br />Shallow or deep… <br />
  30. 30. CREATE DEAPTH<br /><ul><li> Shallow depth of field creates emphasis
  31. 31. A central subject given real visual power by the use of leading lines
  32. 32. Diagonal line cuts across and provides a sense of depth</li></li></ul><li>Repetition & rhythm<br />Order in chaos…<br />
  33. 33. REPETITION & RHYTHM<br />
  34. 34. Active space<br />Where’s the subject looking?<br />
  35. 35. Active Space<br /><ul><li> Open spaces represent subject’s point of interest</li></li></ul><li>Some tips…<br />Keep it simple<br />Think in lines and shapes<br />Think backgrounds<br />Think in odds<br />Odd Numbers<br />“3” is a magic number<br />Odd Shapes<br />Odd Angles<br />Watch cropping<br />Avoid clichés<br />Shoot plenty of pictures<br />Visit daily<br />Break the established rules!<br />And… always carry a camera ;-) <br />
  36. 36.<br />Thank you!<br />